BTNY 1210. Principles of Plant Biology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PRIN PLANT BIOL.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1103 or BIOL 1107-1107L.
Basic principles of biology with an emphasis on plants, including science as a process, cell biology, biochemistry, plant structure and function, energy metabolism, genetics, evolution, and ecology.
Offered fall and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 1210H. Principles of Plant Biology (Honors). 1 hour. 1.5 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PRIN PLANT BIOL HON.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1103-1103L or BIOL 1107H or BIOL 1107-1107L.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Corequisite: BTNY 1210-1210L.
Basic principles of biology with an emphasis on plants, including science as a process, cell biology, biochemistry, plant structure and function, energy metabolism, genetics, evolution, ecology.
Offered fall semester every year.

BTNY 1210L. Principles of Plant Biology Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PRIN PLANT BIOL LAB.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1103 or BIOL 1103L or BIOL 1107-1107L.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BTNY 1210.
Provides the opportunity to perform experiments designed to convey the basic principles of plant biology with an emphasis on cell biology, plant structure and function, energy metabolism, genetics, evolution, and ecology.
Offered fall and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 1220. Organismal Plant Biology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ORG PLANT BIOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1104 or BIOL 1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L.
Plant biology course focused on organisms, including evolution and diversity of plants, fungi, algae, and prokaryotes; environmental interactions; community ecology, symbiosis, and the relation of these organisms to human affairs.
Offered spring and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 1220H. Organismal Plant Biology (Honors). 1 hour. 1.5 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ORG PLANT BIO HON.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108H or BIOL 1108-1108L.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Corequisite: BTNY 1220-1220L.
Plant biology course focused on organisms. Topics include evolution and diversity of plants, algae, and fungi; environmental interactions; global environmental issues; ethnobotany.
Offered spring semester every year.

BTNY 1220L. Organismal Plant Biology Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ORG PLANT BIO LAB.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BTNY 1220.
Investigative laboratory experience concerning the diversity of plants, fungi, algae, and prokaryotes; observational study of the major groups of land plants; human uses of plants and plant products.
Offered spring and summer semesters every year.

(BTNY)(ANTH)PATH 3010. Fungi: Friends and Foes. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FUNGI FRIENDS&FOES.
Impact of fungi on human affairs. Historical and current uses of fungi by humans as well as the roles of fungi in various ecosystems.
Offered spring semester every year.

(BTNY)(ANTH)HORT 3440. Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: HERB&MEDICINAL PLTS.
Historical and contemporary significance of herbs, spices, and medicinal plants in human culture and commerce; chemical and biological characteristics; commercial production techniques; application in modern and traditional medical systems.
Offered fall semester every year.

BTNY 3830-3830L. Plant Physiology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY.
Prerequisite: CHEM 2100 and CHEM 2100L.
Plant physiology for students with cell physiology or biochemistry background. Water relations, mineral nutrition, transport of materials, respiration, photosynthesis, growth and development.
Offered spring semester every year.

BTNY 3900. Readings in Botany. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: READINGS IN BOTANY.
Individual or small group directed readings from scientific journals in a selected area of Botany.
Non-traditional format: Independent research.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 3900H. Readings in Botany (Honors). 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: READINGS IN BOTANY.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 3900.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual or small group directed readings from scientific journals in a selected area of Botany.
Non-traditional format: Independent research.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 4160. Life and Death in the Salt Marsh. 4 hours. 10 hours lecture and 10 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SALT MARSH ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L or BTNY 1220-1220L or permission of department.
The diversity, adaptations, and interacting functional roles of estuarine plants, animals, and microorganisms. Maymester course which includes a week of study on Sapelo Island where students carry out investigative field research on a chosen topic. The final week is devoted to science writing and presentations.
Non-traditional format: Weeks one and three are lecture hours and week two is full day (8-10 hrs) field study. Offered as in-service course during Maymester.
Offered summer semester every year.

(BTNY)PATH 4200/6200-4200L/6200L. Introductory Mycology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO MYCOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (BTNY 1210-1210L and BTNY 1220-1220L ) or (BIOL 1103-1103L and BIOL 1104-1104L) or (BIOL 1107-1107L and BIOL 1108-1108L).
Morphology, biology, and taxonomy of fungi. Representatives of all major groups of fungi are considered.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BTNY)CRSS 4210/6210. Seed Physiology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SEED PHYSIOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: [CHEM 2100 or CHEM 2211 or BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010] and [PGEN 3580-3580L or GENE(BIOL) 3200 or BTNY(CRSS)(BIOL) 4500/6500].
Graduate prerequisite: [BCMB 4010/6010 or BCMB 6000] and [BTNY(CRSS)(BIOL) 4500/6500 or BTNY 8100].
Undergraduate corequisite: CRSS 3300 or HORT 4210/6210 or HORT 4440/6440-4440L/6440L or BTNY 3830-3830L.
Graduate corequisite: HORT 4210/6210 or HORT 4440/6440-4440L/6440L or BTNY 6830.
Regulation of anabolic and catabolic events during seed development, maturation, and germination processes. Ecophysiological consequences of dormancy variables, and agricultural and industrial significance of seed physiology.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BTNY)GEOG 4220/6220. Ecological Biogeography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ECOLOG BIOGEOG.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1111 or ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or permission of department.
Patterns of plant distribution in contemporary landscapes and underlying processes, including vegetation dynamics, disturbance ecology, biogeomorphology, dendrochronology, and environmental history.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BTNY 4230/6230-4230L/6230L. Plant Anatomy. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT ANATOMY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L or (BTNY 1220-1220L and CBIO(BIOL) 3400) or permission of department.
Structure and growth of meristems; development and structure of cells, tissues, and tissue systems; comparative anatomy of stems, roots, leaves, flowers, and fruits; survey of recent advances in study of growth and development of form and emphasis on experimental approaches. Assumes elementary knowledge of cell and tissue structure.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BTNY)GEOG 4240/6240. Plant Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PLANT GEOGRAPHY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3210 or ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or permission of department.
Biogeography and ecology of the world's main terrestrial biomes. Includes world bioclimatic zonation, plant-geographic processes, other physical environmental factors, plant functional roles and types, vegetation dynamics, response to disturbance, and potential natural vegetation. Emphasis on global scale, with secondary emphasis on North America.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BTNY 4250/6250. Biology of Natural Plant Products. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: BIO NATURAL PLANTS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L or BTNY 1220-1220L or permission of department.
The biological/ecological role of natural plant products or metabolites such as alkaloids, terpenes, and pigments in relationships and interactions among plants and between plants and animals.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

(BTNY)ANTH(BIOL)(ECOL)(ENTO) 4260-4260L. Natural History Collections Management. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: NAT HIST COLL MNGT.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Theories, policies, and operational procedures in the management of natural history collections, including higher category classification, identification, field collecting, accessioning, preparation, curation, and data management.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

(BTNY)(ANTH)(BIOL)ECOL(ENTO)(FORS)(GEOG)(GEOL)(PATH) 4261. Museum of Natural History Internship. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit. 7 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MUS NAT HIST INTERN.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor and permission of Museum of Natural History.
Supervised work experience with a natural history collection. Students will learn techniques and other procedures for curating materials in a collection of their choice under the direction of collection personnel.
Non-traditional format: Students will maintain regular, weekly work schedules totaling 7 hours per week under the supervision of faculty and other collection personnel associated with the Museum of Natural History.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(BTNY)ANTH 4300/6300-4300L/6300L. Ethnobotany. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ETHNOBOTANY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ANTH 1102 or permission of major.
Ethnobotanical research, with focus on knowledge and utilization of the plant world in traditional societies. Comparisons of societies in tropical forest ecosystems and evaluation of issues relating to intellectual property rights and traditional peoples' knowledge of plant species with potential economic value.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BTNY(BIOL)(CRSS) 4500/6500. Introduction to Gene Technology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GENE TECHNOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3200.
Methods and applications of gene technology (recombinant DNA) and related concepts in molecular biology. These will include structure and synthesis of macromolecules; cDNA and genomic cloning, polymerase chain reaction; molecular markers and mapping; gene isolation strategies; and various host-vector systems.
Offered every year.

(BTNY)CBIO 4600/6600-4600L/6600L. Biology of Protists. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: BIOL OF PROTISTS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L or BTNY 1220-1220L.
Protists (algae, protozoa, and zoosporic fungi) with an emphasis on cell structure, evolution, and life histories. Laboratories will concentrate on examination of living and fixed materials and will include methods of isolation and culturing of protists.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

BTNY 4650/6650-4650L/6650L. Plant Taxonomy. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT TAXONOMY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L or BTNY 1220-1220L or permission of department.
History of taxonomy, nomenclature, characters, identification principles, classification, taxonomic relationships, taxonomic literature, species biology, collecting and herbarium, floristic studies.
Offered spring and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 4850/6850-4850L/6850L. Vegetation Analysis. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: VEGETATION ANALYSIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L and STAT 6220) or permission of department.
Rationale and protocols for various methods of studying vegetation at the population, community and landscape levels. Both field sampling and data analysis techniques will be covered with introduction to several software packages.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY 4960. Independent Research in Botany. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 12 hours credit.
Oasis Title: IND RESEARCH BOT.
Independent research and research participation in a selected area of Botany.
Non-traditional format: Independent research.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 4960H. Independent Research in Botany (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: IND RES BOT HON.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 4960.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Independent research and research participation for Honors students in a selected area of Botany.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 4970H. Independent Research in Botany (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: IND RES BOT HON.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Independent research and research participation for Honors students in a selected area of Botany.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 4980H. Independent Research in Botany (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: IND RES BOT HON.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Independent research and research participation for honors students in a selected area of Botany.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 4990H. Honors Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HONOR THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Independent research and research participation for Honors students in a selected area of Botany.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 6350-6350L. Molecular Systematics. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MOLEC SYSTEM.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L or BTNY 1220-1220L.
Phylogenetic analysis, molecular systematic methods, relationships within the higher plants, algae, and fungi based upon analyses of DNA sequences and DNA-derived markers from nuclear and organellar genomes. Labs: computer-assisted techniques for phylogenetic analysis of macromolecular data; individual projects involving the analysis of DNA sequence data.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY(BIOL) 6550. Bioinformatics Applications. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: BIOINFORMATICS APPL.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BTNY(CRSS)(BIOL) 4500/6500 or GENE 4200/6200.
The applications and concepts of computational technologies for solving problems in molecular genetics. Current programs and the principles that underlie them will be discussed. Topics include: sequence and structure databases; sequencing; mapping; sequence alignments (dynamic programming); motifs and profiles; phylogeny reconstruction; probabilistic approaches (Markov models).
Offered spring semester every year.

BTNY 6710-6710L. Principles of Plant Systematics. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PRIN PLANT SYSTEM.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L or BTNY 1220-1220L.
Systematics, nomenclature, rank and taxa, phylogenetic and phenetic methods, problem design, analytical procedures, data presentation, identification of special groups, classification, phylogenetic relationships, literature and bibliographic aids. Labs: morphology and arrangement of selected phylogenetically significant families; literature-based study of small genus or species complex.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY 6720-6720L. Plant Variation and Evolution. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT VAR EVOLUTION.
Prerequisite: GENE(BIOL) 4600/6600.
Variation and evolution in plants, genotypic and phenotypic patterns, genetic diversity, adaptation, breeding systems, polyploidy, hybridization, apomixis, evolutionary data in population genetics and systematics, literature, experimental design, population sampling. Variation analysis, breeding techniques, data presentation, population analysis, molecular evolution.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY 6830. Plant Physiology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY.
Prerequisite: BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100.
Plant physiology for students with cell physiology or biochemistry background. Water relations, mineral nutrition, transport of materials, respiration, photosynthesis, growth and development.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY 7000. Master's Research. 1-10 hours. Repeatable for maximum 30 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a master's degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 7300. Master's Thesis. 1-10 hours. Repeatable for maximum 14 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Thesis writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and thesis preparation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 7360. Teaching Internship in Biological Sciences. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 10 hours credit. 1-2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: TEACHING BIOL SCI.
Classroom teaching experience in undergraduate courses under the direct supervision of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 8020. Introduction to Botanical Research. 1-2 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO BOT RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
The breadth of current botanical research with the facilities available for botanical research.
Offered fall semester every year.

BTNY 8040. Botanical Research. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit. 3-9 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: BOTANICAL RESEARCH.
Faculty-directed, laboratory, or literature research of a botanical problem. Not for thesis or dissertation research.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 8100. Plant Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology I. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT MCD I.
Prerequisite: BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or GENE(BIOL) 3200.
Plant genetics, gene expression, and gene evolution. Structural, physiological, and genetic properties of organelles, membranes, and the cell wall. Topics are interrelated with those of Plant Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology II.
Offered fall semester every year.

BTNY 8110. Plant Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology II. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT MCD II.
Prerequisite: BTNY 8100.
Plant cell structure, growth and development, reproduction and environmental responses. Topics are interrelated with those in Plant Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology I.
Offered spring semester every year.

(BTNY)ECOL 8120-8120L. Plant Reproductive Ecology. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLT REPRO ECOL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Pollination ecology, breeding systems, patterns of gene flow via pollen and seed dispersal, flower arrangement and phenology, and implications of reproductive biology for demography. Group and individual laboratory projects.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BTNY 8140. Algal Ecology. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: ALGAL ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: CBIO(BTNY) 4600/6600-4600L/6600L or permission of department.
Physiological ecology of algae found in various habitats, including phytoplankton, benthic microalgae, seaweeds, and symbiotic associations.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

(BTNY)ECOL(ENTO) 8150. Wetland Ecology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: WETLAND ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Principles of ecology, elemental cycling, hydrology, policy and management of marine and freshwater wetlands.
Offered spring semester every year.

(BTNY)ECOL(ENTO) 8150L. Wetland Ecology Laboratory. 1 hour. 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WETLAND ECOLOGY LAB.
Prerequisite: ECOL(ENTO)(BTNY) 8150 or permission of department.
Techniques for the study of marine and freshwater wetlands. Optional weekend field trips will explore distant wetland sites.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(BTNY)PATH 8210-8210L. Biology of Ascomycetes. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: BIO ASCOMYCETES.
Prerequisite: PATH(BTNY) 4200/6200-4200L/6200L.
Comparative morphology of ascomycetes and their asexual stages; principles of taxonomy and training in identification.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY 8230. Monoclonal Antibodies as Research Tools. 5 hours. 2 hours lecture and 9 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ANTIBODIES AS TOOLS.
Prerequisite: BCMB 6000.
The theoretical and practical aspects of antibodies as research tools in the life sciences. Production of both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies will be considered, as well as their applications for immunovisualization, immunopurification, immunoquantitation, and other analytical applications.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BTNY)ECOL(FORS) 8310. Population Ecology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: POPULATION ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L and permission of department.
Advanced ecological theory to biological populations. Mathematical and evolutionary treatment of population growth and regulation, niche theory, foraging theory, predator-prey theory, habitat selection, and competition.
Offered fall semester every year.

BTNY(PATH) 8320-8320L. Zoosporic Fungi and Slime Molds. 3 hours. 1 hour lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ZOOSPORIC FUNGI.
Prerequisite: PATH(BTNY) 4200/6200-4200L/6200L.
Comparative biology of zoosporic fungi and slime molds as organisms. Topics include current research in morphology and development, phylogeny, physiology, ecology and the use of selected organisms as model systems. Laboratory will emphasize isolation and cultivation of these organisms and demonstration of their reproductive stages.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

BTNY(PATH) 8340-8340L. Experimental Mycology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: EXPTL MYCOLOGY.
Prerequisite: PATH(BTNY) 4200/6200-4200L/6200L.
Fungal biology and ecology and the use of fungi as experimental organisms in the study of development and molecular biology and genetics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BTNY 8360. Fungal Ecology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FUNGAL ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: PATH(BTNY) 4200/6200-4200L/6200L.
The role of fungi in the environment. Topics include fungal populations; biotic interactions with plants, insects, and other fungi; decomposition and nutrient cycling; fungal biomass and productivity; fungi in extreme environments.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY(ECOL)(FORS) 8410. Community Ecology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: COMM ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: ECOL 4010/6010-4010L/6010L and STAT 4220.
The applicability of advanced theory to multi-species communities. Patterns and processes that influence species composition, diversity, and function. Topics include deterministic vs. stochastic regulation, succession, resource partitioning, patch dynamics, island biogeography, and food webs.
Offered spring semester every year.

BTNY 8600. Aquatic Plants. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: AQUATIC PLANTS.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1103-1103L or BIOL 1104-1104L or BTNY 1210-1210L or BTNY 1220-1220L or permission of department.
Identification and biology of aquatic macrophytes with emphasis on field work.
Non-traditional format: Local and over-night field trips required.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

BTNY 8700. Plant Population and Biology Seminar. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 15 hours credit. 2-4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT POP BIO SEM.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Seminar on current research topics in plant population biology.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BTNY 8770. Communities and Ecosystems. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: COMM & ECO OF WORLD.
Advanced synthesis of physiological, population, community, and ecosystem studies in the major terrestrial plant associations of the world.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY 8800. Plant Systematics and Evolution Seminar. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 16 hours credit. 2-4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT SYSTMS EVOLUT.
Seminar on current botanical research topics.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

BTNY 8810. Mycology Seminar. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 15 hours credit. 2-4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MYCOLOGY SEMINAR.
Seminar on current botanical research topics.
Offered fall semester every year.

BTNY 8820. Plant Physiology Seminar. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 15 hours credit. 2-4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY SM.
Seminar on current botanical research topics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BTNY 8840. Plant Ecology Seminar. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 18 hours credit. 2-4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT ECOLOGY SEM.
Seminar on current plant ecology and related research topics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BTNY 8850-8850L. Terrestrial Biogeochemical Cycling. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: TERR BIOGECHEM CYCL.
Prerequisite: ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or STAT 4210 or STAT 4220.
Plant processes which mediate biogeochemical cycling on land. Includes survey of global element cycling, functions of essential elements, element acquisition, translocation and loss by plants, litter decomposition, and methods of estimating standing stocks of elements in and transfer rates of elements between ecosystem components.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

BTNY 8860. Plant Anatomy, Morphology, and Cell Biology Seminar. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 18 hours credit. 2-4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLT ANTY MORPH CELL.
Seminar on current topics in plant anatomy, morphology, and cell biology.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BTNY 8890-8890L. Plant Physiological Ecology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PL PHYS ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: BTNY 6830.
Energy balances, water relations, stomatal physiology, gas exchange, environmental aspects of mineral nutrition, stress physiology, and productivity.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

(BTNY)CRSS 8900. Advanced Plant Genetics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV PLANT GENETICS.
Prerequisite: BTNY 8100 or CRSS 8890-8890L or permission of department.
Recent developments in plant genetics: sexual incompatibilities and somatic hybridization, genetic engineering; RFLPs and other molecular markers, linkage and mapping: cytoplasmic genetics; and classic papers.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

BTNY(BCMB)(GENE)(PATH) 8960. Genetics of Yeast and Filamentous Fungi. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GENETICS OF FUNGI.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Classical genetics and molecular biology of budding yeast, fission yeast, and model filamentous fungi. Includes life cycle, cell cycle, cytoskeleton, mating types, morphogenesis, pathogenesis, mutant screens, and cloning strategies.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

BTNY 8970. Current Topics in Research. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 15 hours credit. 2-4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CURR TOPICS RESCH.
Subjects of current interest in plant research. Current literature and modern analysis of research results. Course is designed to meet the specific research needs of the student.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BTNY 8980. Special Topics in Botany. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 18 hours credit. 2-4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SPEC TOPICS IN BOT.
Discussion of selected topics in plant biology.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BTNY 9000. Doctoral Research. 1-10 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCTORAL RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a doctoral degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BTNY 9300. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-10 hours. Repeatable for maximum 12 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCT DISSERTATION.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Dissertation writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and preparation of the doctoral dissertation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.