FORS 3000-3000L. Field Orientation and Measurements in Forest Resources. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 8 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FOR FIELD MEAS.
Prerequisite: (Enrollment in Professional Program of WSFR).
Land measurements and mapping; forest, wildlife, fisheries, and environmental resource observation and measurement. Use of School computer facilities for the analysis of measurement data and the development of summary descriptions of forest resources systems.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 3010-3010L. Dendrology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: DENDROLOGY.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
Identification, classification, silvical characteristics and distribution of trees, shrubs, and other plants of importance to the management of forest resources.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 3020-3020L. Forest Ecology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FOREST ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: (Enrollment in Professional Program of WSFR) or permission of school.
Corequisite: FORS 3010-3010L or BTNY 4650/6650-4650L/6650L.
Individual, population, community and ecosystem processes regulating forest structure and function; interactions and functions of forest plants, animals, and microbes; effects of site, environmental factors, and disturbance on forest composition and dynamics.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 3040. Tree Physiology. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: TREE PHYSIOLOGY.
Prerequisite: (Enrollment in Professional Program of WSFR) or [(BIOL 1108-1108L or BTNY 1210-1210L) and permission of school].
The vital processes and structures of woody plants: photosynthesis, respiration, carbon allocation, water relations, mineral nutrition, intrinsic and environmental factors controlling growth, reproduction, and plant morphology and wood anatomy. Human efforts to improve forest trees, including breeding, in vitro propagation, and genetic engineering.
Offered fall semester every year.

(FORS)CRSS 3060-3060L. Soils and Hydrology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SOILS AND HYDROLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in CRSS 3050-3050L.
Prerequisite: CHEM 1211 and CHEM 1211L.
Soil formation and morphology, physical and chemical properties, soil-water interactions, hydrologic processes and water balance in the landscape, and soil and water quality. Emphasis on landscape management of soil and water resources for both productivity and environmental quality.
Offered every year.

FORS 3300. Introduction to Fish and Wildlife Management. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: INT FISH WILDL MAN.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
Principles governing conservation and management of fish and wildlife. The interrelations of wildlife management and other forest resource uses.
Offered spring semester every year.

(FORS)RLST 3310. Outdoor Recreation and Environmental Awareness. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: OUTDOOR REC ENVIRON.
Prerequisite: Permission of major.
Environmental policies and land ethics of natural resource management agencies. Emphasis will be placed on understanding outdoor recreation behavior and issues arising from human-environment interactions, including carrying capacities and human-wildlife conflicts.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent Study (USGIS).
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 3500. Wood Properties and Utilization. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: WOOD PROP & UTIL.
Prerequisite: (Enrollment in Professional Program of WSFR).
Corequisite: FORS 3040.
Major uses of wood, characteristics of major wood products, processes involved in their manufacture and marketing, and properties of the wood raw material affecting its quality and use.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS(MARS) 3570. The Law of Earth Protection and Resource Use. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LAW EARTH PROT/USE.
Not open to students with credit in AAEC 4930/6930 or FORS 5820/7820.
A first course in legal studies, and an introduction to environmental and natural resources law. Basics of the legal system; selected major protection and resource statutes, regulations, roles and methods of agencies; significant judicial opinions.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS(ECOL) 3580-3580L. Vertebrate Natural History. 5 hours. 3 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: VERTEBRATE NAT HIST.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
Life history strategies of vertebrates with emphasis on ecology, behavior, taxonomy, and systematics.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 3610-3610L. Forest Biometrics. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FOREST BIOMETRICS.
Corequisite: FORS 3000-3000L.
Basic parametric statistical methods and concepts, including linear models, sample survey design and analysis, and applications to problems in forest resources. Analysis of forest resources data using standard statistical software.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 3710-3710D. Forest Resource Economics and Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FOR RES ECN & MGT.
Prerequisite: (Enrollment in Professional Program of WSFR).
Theory and analytical tools used in forest resource management decision making. Topics include the role of economics in forest resource decision making, microeconomic principles, price formation and valuation of non-market outputs.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 3910-3910L. Spatial Information in Forest Resources. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SPATIAL DATA.
Prerequisite: FORS 3000-3000L.
Interpretation and use of maps, aerial photographs, and satellite imagery in forest resources; production of maps from field measurements; determination of land area and ownership; interpretation of contour maps. Spatial data bases: concepts and use.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 3950. Forest Operations Study Tour. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: FOR STUDY TOUR.
Prerequisite: FORS 3500 or FORS 4010-4010L or permission of school.
Visits to active forestry operations in the Southeast. Forest management operations, harvesting and transportation operations, and conversion facilities such as pulp/paper mills, sawmills, and other processing plants will be emphasized. Students are expected to pay for room and board.
Non-traditional format: Class involves a week-long field trip before the beginning of fall semester.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 3960. Forest Resources Internship. 2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 8 hours credit.
Oasis Title: FOR RES INTERNSHIP.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Work for sixty to ninety days on at least three different professional-level assignments with a business, government agency or other professional organization. Repeatable for maximum eight hours credit, but no more than two hours may be counted toward graduation.
Non-traditional format: Internship.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 4000/6000-4000L/6000L. Forest Soil Management. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FOR SOIL MANAGEMENT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CRSS 3050-3050L or CRSS(FORS) 3060-3060L.
Undergraduate corequisite: FORS 4010-4010L.
Morphological, physical, and chemical soil properties affecting tree growth and forest productivity; evaluation of soils and site quality; preparation of forest sites for planting, diagnosis, and correction of nutrient limitations; use of forest soil systems for waste treatment.
Non-traditional format: One Friday and one Friday-Saturday field trip are required.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4010-4010L. Silviculture. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 5 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SILVICULTURE.
Prerequisite: FORS 3000-3000L and FORS 3020-3020L.
Theory and techniques of controlling regeneration, density, species composition, health, and quality of forest stands. Treatments studied include seeding and planting of tree species; thinning and regeneration cuts; and appropriate use of fire, pesticides, and fertilizers.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 4020/6020. Genetics and Breeding of Forest Trees. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GENET & BREED TREES.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
Genetic variation in forest trees; harnessing natural variation and creating new variation to meet breeding objectives; biological and economic consequences of tree domestication; conservation of genetic resources.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4030/6030. Regional Silviculture. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: REGION SILVICULTURE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 4010-4010L.
Identification of the major forest regions of the United States and discussion of their silvicultural management.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 4050/6050-4050L/6050L. Field Mammalogy. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FIELD MAMMALOGY.
Not open to students with credit in ECOL 4030/6030-4030L/6030L.
Prerequisite: FORS(ECOL) 3580-3580L or permission of school.
Mammalian diversity with emphasis on taxonomic identification, systematics, natural history, and methods of field study.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 4060/6060-4060L/6060L. Field Ornithology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FIELD ORNITHOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS(ECOL) 3580-3580L or permission of school.
Bird identification, also emphasizing ecology, evolution, behavior, and field techniques.
Non-traditional format: Overnight field trip required.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 4110/6110-4110L/6110L. Forest Hydrology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FOREST HYDROLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ENGR 3410 or CRSS(FORS) 3060-3060L or GEOL 4220/6220 or GEOG 4030/6030 or ECOL 3520 or CRSS 3050-3050L or CRSS 4600/6600-4600L/6600L.
Multidisciplinary examination of the terrestrial components of the hydrologic cycle focusing on the qualitative analysis of precipitation, snowmelt, runoff generation, routing, infiltration, and subsurface flow and transport. Emphasis is on the definition of hydrologic processes, identification of hydrologic resources, development of environmental monitoring techniques, and application to hydrologic resources management.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4120/6120. Quantitative Methods in Hydrology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: QUANT HYDROLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ENGR 3410 or CRSS(FORS) 3060-3060L or FORS 4110/6110 or GEOL 4220/6220 or GEOG 4030/6030 or CRSS 4600/6600-4600L/6600L or permission of school.
Advanced analysis of hydrologic processes to provide a theoretical understanding of precipitation, evapotranspiration, streamflow, groundwater occurrence and movement, and soil zone flow and transport. Emphasis is upon quantitative methods used in conjunction with field and laboratory data to identify flow and transport dynamics in hydrologic systems.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 4130L/6130L. Field Methods in Hydrology. 2 hours. 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FIELD MET HYDROLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ENGR 3410 or CRSS(FORS) 3060-3060L or FORS 4110/6110 or GEOL 4220/6220 or GEOG 4030/6030 or CRSS 4600/6600-4600L/6600L.
Field data acquisition methods to hydrologic systems are used to determine precipitation quantity and quality, evapotranspiration, streamflow, groundwater occurrence and movement, and soil zone transport processes. Physical and chemical measurements are coupled to determine flow paths, mass balances, and the environmental fate of solutes.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4140-4140L. Introduction to Wetlands. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WETLANDS.
Introduction to wetland systems and regulation. Wetland geomorphology, hydrology, soils, chemistry, vegetation, animal communities, response to land management, functional description, and legal considerations. Practical training in measuring and characterizing wetland features as well as delineating wetland boundaries and assessing wetland function.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 4150. Environmental Systems. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: ENVIRO SYSTEMS.
Prerequisite: FORS 4120/6120 or permission of school.
Use of systems theory for environmental problems. Linear and nonlinear response to inputs using convolution and deconvolution. Applications include surface- and ground-water hydrologic and solute transport behavior. Problems related to land application of wastes and wetland processes will be addressed.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4160/6160-4160L/6160L. Environmental Monitoring. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ENVIRON MONITORING.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CRSS(FORS) 3060-3060L and STAT 2000.
Design, implementation, and interpretation of sampling programs for environmental systems (especially aquatic systems) for monitoring, regulatory activities, quality control, scientific study, and impact assessment.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS(ENGR) 4170/6170. Hydrology, Geology, and Soils of Georgia. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HYDROLOGY FIELD LAB.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
This field course focuses on the physical environment of Georgia by examining the diverse geology, soils, and surface and subsurface hydrologic processes within the state. We will travel to all of Georgia's physiographic areas, visiting mines, farms, forests, wetlands, rivers, lakes, and estuaries to explore the influence of human activities on the physical environment.
Non-traditional format: This is a Maymester field course, with lectures and laboratories scheduled during the entire session. Students are expected to travel throughout the state. Class will begin Period 1 on Day 1, and will end on the last day of the session.
Offered summer semester every year.

(FORS)(ANTH)(BIOL)(BTNY)ECOL(ENTO)(GEOG)(GEOL)(PATH) 4261. Museum of Natural History Internship. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit. 7 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MUS NAT HIST INTERN.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor and permission of Museum of Natural History.
Supervised work experience with a natural history collection. Students will learn techniques and other procedures for curating materials in a collection of their choice under the direction of collection personnel.
Non-traditional format: Students will maintain regular, weekly work schedules totaling 7 hours per week under the supervision of faculty and other collection personnel associated with the Museum of Natural History.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(FORS)(ANTH)RLST 4270. Field Studies in Natural Resource Recreation and Tourism. 3-6 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: NAT RES FIELD STUDY.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Field studies to explore natural and cultural resource management issues including recreation, forestry, wildlife, tourism, environmental education, habitat conservation, and cultural land practices.
Non-traditional format: Two different options are available: (1) 4-week study abroad in New Zealand, Maymester (6 credits). (2) 1-week field study in Great Smokies National Park, summer semester (3 credits).
Offered summer semester every year.

FORS 4300/6300-4300L/6300L. Management of Wildlife Habitat. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MANAGE WILDLIFE HAB.
Undergraduate prerequisite: [FORS 3020-3020L and FORS 3300] or permission of school.
Principles and practices related to the management of forested ecosystems for wildlife and biological diversity, with emphasis on habitat management at the stand and landscape level. Habitat management through use of appropriate silvicultural practices, wildlife enhancement techniques, and regulations is evaluated.
Offered fall semester every year.

(FORS)ECOL 4310/6310-4310L/6310L. Limnology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: LIMNOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or FORS 3300.
Aquatic ecosystems (lakes and streams) and their biota. Linkages between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 4320/6320. Wildlife Physiology and Nutrition. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: WILDL PHYS NUTR.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: FORS 3300 or permission of school.
An advanced course relating animal physiology and nutrition to wildlife ecology and management.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 4330/6330-4330L/6330L. Water Quality Management in Fisheries and Aquaculture. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WATER QUAL MAN FISH.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CHEM 1212 and CHEM 1212L.
Chemical and biological aspects of water quality, with emphasis upon relationships between water quality and fish production. Practical information on water quality management and related fields.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 4340/6340. Endangered Species Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENDANGERED SP MANAG.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS(ECOL) 3580-3580L or FORS 3010-3010L or BTNY 4650/6650-4650L/6650L or permission of school.
Factors affecting extinctions and declines in biodiversity, including laws, policies, and management activities designed to protect species and critical habitats.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 4360/6360. Fish Ecology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: FISH ECOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or FORS 3020-3020L.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: ECOL 4050/6050-4050L/6050L.
Lectures and discussions will be used to provide an interactive exploration of the ecology of fishes. Topics include: foraging, reproduction, habitat selection, niche, competition, and the mechanisms controlling fish biodiversity. Instruction includes both the status of a topic and appropriate research designs. The latter materials will be relevant to most animal taxa.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4370/6370-4370L/6370L. Fish Physiology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FISH PHYSIOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ECOL(FORS) 3260-3260L or permission of school.
Basic fish physiology with an emphasis on the effects of environmental stresses on physiological functions of fish.
Offered spring semester every year.

(FORS)MARS 4380/6380-4380L/6380L. Marine Fisheries Biology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MAR FISHERIES BIOL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L and permission of department.
Interaction of oceanographic processes with the life histories and productivity of marine fisheries species, and the human interactions with major marine fisheries.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4500-4500L. Introduction to Wood Technology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO WOOD TECH.
Prerequisite: FORS 3500.
Material science of wood, including wood structure, physical/mechanical properties, and how wood products are affected by the material characteristics.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 4510-4510L. Processes in Wood Products Manufacturing. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WOOD PROCESSING.
Corequisite: FORS 4500-4500L.
Wood machining, drying, gluing, grading, and finishing.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 4570L/6570L. Practical Wood Identification. 2 hours. 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PRAC WOOD IDENT LAB.
Identification of domestic and commercial tropical woods.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4610/6610-4610L/6610L. Forest Mensuration. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FOREST MENSURATION.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 3000-3000L and FORS 3610-3610L.
Direct measurement and indirect estimation of primary and secondary forest products. Measures of stand productivity, density, and growth.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 4620/6620. Timber Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TIMBER MANAGEMENT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 4610/6610-4610L/6610L.
Organization and management of forest properties for the production of commercial forest products.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 4630L/6630L. Computational Methods and Computer Models in Forestry. 2 hours. 0 hour lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: COMPUTER MODELS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 4610/6610-4610L/6610L.
Spreadsheets and forestry software packages to solve inventory and growth prediction problems.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 4640/6640-4640L/6640L. Forest Inventory. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FOREST INVENTORY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 4610/6610-4610L/6610L.
Planning forest inventories and comparison of various equal and unequal probability sampling concepts; permanent and temporary forest sampling procedures; current stand and future growth estimation principles.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4710/6710-4710L/6710L. Quantitative Decision Methods for Forest Management. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: QUANT DEC METH.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 3610-3610L and FORS 3710-3710D.
Analysis methods applicable to forest management planning and decision making in forestry. Particular emphasis on optimization procedures and financial analysis.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 4730. Senior Project in Forest Resources Management. 4 hours. 1 hour lecture and 1 hour lab per week.
Oasis Title: SEN PROJ FOR RES.
Not open to students with credit in FORS 4750.
Prerequisite: FORS 3710-3710D.
Advanced problems in forest resources management integrating all courses to date.
Non-traditional format: Remaining hours are scheduled by students to fulfill project requirements. Includes substantial field work.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 4750. Senior Thesis in Forest Resources. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: SENIOR THESIS.
Not open to students with credit in FORS 4730.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Supervised research integrating material from courses in the student's field of study. Written and oral presentation of research results and their significance.
Non-traditional format: Students may attend some lectures offered in Senior Project in Forest Resources Management. Students meet with thesis advisor on arranged basis. Students schedule own laboratory and field work.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 4800/6800-4800D/6800D. Forest Resources Policy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FOR RESOURCE POLICY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 3710-3710D or permission of school.
Forest policy as a process, establishing forestry agendas, political decision models, political institutions and interest groups, policy in organizations, current issues.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 4890/6890. Field Methods in Wildlife Management and Research. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: FLD METH WILDL MGMT.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Field course providing personal experience in field methods used by wildlife biologists (prescribed burning, wildlife capture/handling, population assessment, radiotelemetry, habitat surveys, etc.).
Non-traditional format: This course will be taught entirely in the field during the Maymester. An intensive 6-day and 5-night field trip to an off-campus site is required.
Offered summer semester every year.

FORS 4900/6900-4900L/6900L. Wildlife Damage Management. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WILDLIFE DAMAGE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 3300 or FORS(ECOL) 3580-3580L or permission of school.
Theory and practice of assessing and controlling damage done by wild and feral vertebrate animals, especially mammals and birds. Emphasis is on protecting agricultural and forest crops and property.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4910. Wildlife Management Issues. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: WILDLIFE ISSUES.
Prerequisite: FORS 3300 or FORS(ECOL) 3580-3580L or permission of school.
Biological, social, and political aspects of wildlife management issues and their solutions.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 4920H. Honors Seminar in Natural Resources Ecology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HON SEM NAT RES ECO.
Prerequisite: [ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or FORS 3020-3020L] and permission of school and permission of Honors.
Basic and applied ecological research, including scientific methodology, similarities and differences between basic and applied research, and specific topics (e.g., the relationship between environmental variation and biodiversity, population regulation in disturbed and undisturbed systems). Theoretical approaches to nature reserve design, randomness and pattern in natural systems.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 5010/7010. Urban Tree Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: URB TREE MGT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BTNY 1210-1210L or BIOL 1104-1104L or BIOL 1108-1108L.
Establishment and maintenance of trees in urban environments. Nature and benefits of trees, planting, and soil management; pruning, repair, and protection; stress management; values of urban trees.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 5310/7310-5310L/7310L. Techniques in Wildlife Population Management. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: TECHNIQUES/WILDLIFE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: [FORS(ECOL) 3580-3580L and PGEN 3580-3580L] or permission of school.
Field and laboratory methods commonly used by professional wildlife ecologists to analyze and manipulate animal populations.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 5360/7360-5360L/7360L. Fisheries Management. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FISHERIES MGT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
Principles, methods, and techniques used in the management of freshwater and marine fisheries resources. Practical, theoretical, and ethical questions are addressed.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 5380/7380-5380L/7380L. Fish Culture. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FISH CULTURE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
Biological and abiological aspects of extensive and intensive culture of freshwater fishes. Emphasis is on species and methods utilized in the eastern United States.
Offered spring semester every year.

(FORS)(ANTH)RLST 5400/7400-5400L/7400L. Parks and Ecotourism Management. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PARK AND ECOTOURISM.
An introduction to the sustainable planning, development, and management of parks, protected areas and ecotourism, worldwide. Classroom lectures will be combined with a field trip, guest speakers, and a group case study to examine six key components of sustainable protected areas and ecotourism management.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 5410/7410. Wilderness Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: WILDERNESS MGT.
Origins of the wilderness movement; wilderness values; scope of wilderness management as limited by laws and philosophy; principles of wilderness management; and review status and management of non-roaded natural areas.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 5720/7720-5720L/7720L. Forest Harvesting and Roads. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HARVEST & ROADS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FORS 3000-3000L.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: FORS 4010-4010L.
Techniques and systems for harvesting and roading forests. Production, cost, quality, safety, and environmental protection measures. Field exercises stress planning of harvesting and road construction operations to achieve desired objectives.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 5730/7730. Principles of Forest Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PRINC FOREST MGT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1104-1104L or BTNY 1210-1210L or permission of school.
Practical forestry in the South with emphasis on the management of private forest land. Topics include forest regeneration, tree identification and growth, basic measurements of tree crops. Not open to FRS majors.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 5740/7740. Forest Operational Planning. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FOR OPER PLANNING.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (FORS 3710-3710D and FORS 4010-4010L and FORS 4620/6620) or permission of school.
Integration of silviculture, finance, forest engineering, biometrics, and ecology to analyze industrial problems.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 5750/7750. Procurement and Management of Wood Fiber Supply. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MGT WD FIBER SUPPLY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (Enrollment in Professional Program of WSFR) or permission of school.
Management of the wood fiber supply, program management functions, legal aspects and analysis of current issues in raw material management.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 5760/7760. Forest Products Marketing. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FOR PROD MARKETING.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (Enrollment in Professional Program of WSFR) or permission of school.
Planning, organizing, and managing forest products marketing programs, domestically and internationally. Focus on developing marketing strategies and implementation of marketing plans in the context of forest industry structures and distribution channels.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 5770/7770-5770L/7770L. Applied Population Dynamics. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: POPULATION DYNAMICS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Senior standing.
Foundations of population dynamics from an applied perspective. Exponential and logistic population growth, life tables, multiple species interactions, and basic population models. Sampling design and analytical methods for estimating abundance and demographic parameters. Application of population models to harvest management and small population management. Integrative student project required.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 5820/7820. Natural Resources Law for Managers and Administrators. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: NAT RES LAW MG/ ADM.
Statutory, case law, and regulations concerning resource conservation, allocation, and development. Modern, systems-sensitive regulatory programs affecting natural resources administration analyzed. Examination of the division and nature of the functions of the judicial and executive branches of government.
Non-traditional format: Law library exercise requiring sixty or more hours per semester.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 5850/7850. Forest Policy Issues. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: FOREST POLICY ISSUE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: POLS 1101-1101D or FORS 4800/6800-4800D/6800D.
Forestry issues and political processes. A general framework for analyzing current issues is developed and specific issues are analyzed each year.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 5920. Directed Readings or Projects in Forest Resources. 1-5 hours. Repeatable for maximum 10 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED STUDY.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual study, including readings, research, or other projects, in a specialized area of forest resources, under the supervision of a faculty mentor.
Non-traditional format: All work is done outside of a classroom setting.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 5930. Special Topics in Forest Resources. 1-4 hours. Repeatable for maximum 12 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SPECIAL TOPICS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Special-interest or experimental courses offered on a one-time basis. Course content will vary with each offering.
Non-traditional format: Lecture/lab hours will be determined by course instructor as appropriate to topic and credit hours assigned.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(FORS)(ANTH)ECOL 6140. Principles of Conservation Ecology and Sustainable Development II. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONSERV SUS DEV II.
Prerequisite: ECOL 6080.
Social science dimensions of conservation and sustainable development; social, economic, and political considerations in managing natural resources; policy-level aspects to project implementation.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 6150. Control and Systems Theory for the Environmental Scientist. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONTROL AND SYSTEMS.
Prerequisite: MATH 2700.
Development of models of the dynamic behavior of environmental systems from the perspective of process engineering and control. State-space, continuous-time, and discrete-time representations. Introduction to, and tutorials in, the MATLAB-SIMULINK software package.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 6540-6540L. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Wood. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PHYS MECH PROP WOOD.
Prerequisite: FORS 4500-4500L.
Concepts in stress/strain development and the visco-elastic response. Wood moisture relationships with mechanical properties.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 6750. Experimental Methods in Forest Resources Research. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EXP METH FOR RES.
Prerequisite: STAT 6220.
Statistical procedures and computer software to collect, analyze, and interpret forest resources research data.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 6760-6760L. Quantitative Models for Forest Resources Managers. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MODEL FOR RES.
Prerequisite: STAT 6220 or permission of school.
Model forms used to simulate tree and forest stand development as well as models used to simulate the growth of various wildlife and fish species. Parameter estimation methods and model evaluation included.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 7000. Master's Research. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Research while enrolled for a master's degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 7020. Tree Morphogenesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TREE MORPHOGENESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Differentiation of tree structures and functions. Topics include the shoot and root apex, the cambium, phase change and differentiation of tissues and organs in vitro.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 7210-7210L. Spatial Management of Forest Resources. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SPTL MANAGE FOR RES.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L or GEOG 4470/6470-4470L/6470L.
Applications of spatial information in forest resource management. Topics include: the heterogeneity of the forest, spatial measures and models of forests, data accuracy and decision quality, and information needs assessment. Both raster and vector GIS are used in class laboratory exercises.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 7300. Master's Thesis. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Thesis writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and thesis preparation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 7630. Intensive Forest Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTENSIVE FOR MGMT.
Prerequisite: FORS 4010-4010L.
Effects of silvicultural treatments on growth, yield, and product distributions of forest stands. Effects of vegetation management at various points in the life of the stand, fertilization, thinning, pruning, and initial spacing included. Effect magnitude as an objective criterion for management decision making is emphasized.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 7640. Advanced Forest Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADVANCED FOR MGMT.
Prerequisite: FORS 4620/6620 or permission of school.
Models for estimating forest yields at different points in time, including models for uneven-aged stands, and thinned stands, and methods for adjusting for effects of cultural treatments. Whole stand and diameter distribution yield models examined.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 7710. Advanced Forest Economics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV FOR ECONOMICS.
Prerequisite: ECON 2106.
Prerequisite or corequisite: FORS 4710/6710-4710L/6710L.
Microeconomic and production economics theory with forest resources applications, financial analysis of investments, social benefit-cost analysis.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 7780. Timberland Accounting, Finance, and Taxation. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TIMBERLAND ACC.
Prerequisite: ACCT 7990.
Timberland accounting, financial analysis of forest products company operations, financial evaluation of timberland investment and forest management decision alternatives, linkages between financial markets and timberland, timber taxation, and strategies involving forest assets in estate planning.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 7790. Forest Finance Decisions. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FOREST FINANCE DEC.
Prerequisite: FORS 7780 or permission of school.
Analysis of forest asset financing, acquisition, management, and disposition decisions from a financial perspective. Development of financial strategies for a forestry operation, timberland portfolio management, asset pricing models and timberland, the behavior and evolution of forest asset markets, timber access options, and entrepreneurship in forestry.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS(AAEC) 7860. Resource Economics and Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: RES ECONOMICS & MGT.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L or ECON 8000.
Economic and physical concepts of scarcity, the impact of market and social factors on resource use, and the optimal management of renewable and nonrenewable resources.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 7900-7900L. Forest Operations Management and Planning. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FOR OPER MGT.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
An investigation of issues and techniques in planning, development, and management of forestry business operations. Content is divided into two components: operations strategy formulation and operations strategy implementation. Special emphasis will be placed on the application of advanced quantitative techniques to forestry operations management problems.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 7981. Fisheries and Aquaculture Problems. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 24 hours credit.
Oasis Title: FISHERIES PROBLEMS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual student problems pertaining to fisheries and aquaculture at the masters level.
Non-traditional format: Formal classes are not held. Faculty members assist students as needed.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 7982. Forestry Problems. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 24 hours credit.
Oasis Title: FORESTRY PROBLEMS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual student problems pertaining to forestry at the masters level.
Non-traditional format: Formal classes are not held. Faculty assist students as needed.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 7983. Forest Soils, Hydrology and Environmental Systems Problems. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 24 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SOIL & HYDRO PROBS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual student problems pertaining to forest soils, hydrology, and environmental systems at the masters level.
Non-traditional format: Formal classes are not held. Faculty assist students as needed.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 7984. Wildlife Ecology and Management Problems. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 24 hours credit.
Oasis Title: WILDLIFE PROBLEMS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual student problems pertaining to wildlife ecology and/or management at the masters level.
Non-traditional format: Formal classes are not held. Faculty assist students as needed.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 7990. Supervised Professional Practicum in Forest Resources. 1 hour. Repeatable for maximum 3 hours credit.
Oasis Title: TEACHING PRACTICUM.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
University-level teaching, including the presentation of university-level lectures and/or laboratory sessions under faculty supervision.
Non-traditional format: Students lecture in a classroom setting and meet with a faculty supervisor to discuss teaching technique.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 8000. Forest Resources Seminar. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 4 hours credit.
Oasis Title: FORS RES SEMINAR.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Fundamental and applied topics relating to multiple-use management of forests and wild land, including literature review and current advances.
Non-traditional format: Discussions scheduled as required.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 8030. Advanced Tree Physiology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV TREE PHYSIOL.
Prerequisite: FORS 3040 or permission of school.
Recent research in the processes that directly or indirectly affect carbon gain and allocation, including photosynthesis, respiration, nutrient uptake, water relations, and growth of trees.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 8040. Current Topics in Forest Biotechnology. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: CUR TOP FOR BIOTECH.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Applications of genetic, biochemical, and physiological principles to forest trees; forest products and organisms affecting forests, including in vitro propagation, genetic engineering, genomic mapping, bioprocessing and biological control of tree pests and pathogens.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 8050. Forest Stand Dynamics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FOR STAND DYNAMICS.
Prerequisite: FORS 4010-4010L or permission of school.
Dynamics of mortality, growth, and biomass allocation in forest stands during the four stages of development (stand initiation, stem exclusion, transition, and old growth) with emphasis on silviculture of southeastern United States forests.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 8060. Advanced Forest Policy and Law. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV FOR PLCY & LAW.
Legal basis and fundamentals of policy affecting private and public forest resource use. Private property in forests and public regulation, income, estate, and property tax policy, resource procurement systems for industry, industrial organization of timberland ownership, foundations of modern federal forest policy, selected topics of student interest.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 8100. Advanced Forest Ecology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV FOREST ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: FORS 3020-3020L or ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or permission of school.
Factors regulating the structure and function of forest ecosystems, forest energetics, community dynamics, and research methods.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 8120. Hillslope Hydrology Seminar. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HILLSLOPE HYDROLOGY.
Prerequisite: FORS 4110/6110 or GEOL 4220/6220 or GEOG 4030/6030 or CRSS 4600/6600-4600L/6600L or permission of school.
Current concepts used to describe water and chemical movement on watersheds scales. Conceptual models of flow at watershed scales, saturated/unsaturated flow and transport processes, and techniques for measuring soil moisture, soil potential, and lateral surface and subsurface flow.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 8150. System Identification for the Environmental Scientist. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SYSTEM IDENTFN.
Prerequisite: FORS 6150.
Calibration of models of environmental systems against field data. Methods of parameter estimation, recursive estimation, time-series analysis and filtering theory. Model validation and analysis of uncertainty. Case studies in surface and groundwater quality and aquatic ecosystems.
Not offered on a regular basis.

FORS 8160. Environmental Process Control Laboratory. 2 hours. 1 hour lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CONTROL LAB.
Prerequisite: FORS 6150 or permission of school.
Instrumentation and systems for real-time remote sensing and control of the behavior of environmental systems and contaminant treatment technologies. Functions of on-line respirometry and intelligent/software sensors. Principles and integration of sample retrieval, preparation, analysis, data storage, communication, and presentation.
Not offered on a regular basis.

FORS 8170. Environmental Systems Analysis and Control. 1-3 hours. 0-3 hours lecture and 0-3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SYSTEMS SEMINAR.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Current topics, books and articles in inter-disciplinary studies of the analysis and regulation of environmental systems. Cross-disciplinary thinking through a diverse set of topics (such as choice of wastewater infrastructure for sustainable cities, or protocol for model validation).
Non-traditional format: 1-3 hours seminar/discussion depending on topics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

FORS 8180. Principles of Forest Land Treatment. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: PRIN FOR LAND TRT.
Basic principles for designing forested systems for treatment of municipal and industrial biosolids and wastewater. Hydrologic loading and assimilation/degradation pathways for N, P, metals and organics; methods for determining land-limiting constituents.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 8200. Scientific Research in Forest Resources. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
The scientific method, standards for good scientific conduct, research proposal writing and reviewing skills are emphasized.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

FORS 8210-8210L. Scientific Communication in Natural Resources. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SCI COMM NAT RESO.
Preparation of scientific manuscripts for publication and presentation of papers at scientific conferences. Preparation of individual manuscripts, figures, and tables; writing with clarity, brevity, and word economy; dealing with journal editors and reviewers; reviewing and editing manuscripts; preparing proposals for funding; presentation of oral and poster papers at scientific conferences; and preparation of visual aids.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 8290. Wildlife Telemetry. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: WILDLIFE TELEMETRY.
Radio-telemetry is a widely used and important technique in wildlife management and conservation. This course will explore the various aspects of applications of the technique, analysis of telemetry data, and the numerous pitfalls researchers encounter in the field. Rapid changes in technology and use of wildlife telemetry outside of traditional applications will be discussed.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 8300. Wildlife and Fisheries Seminar. 1-2 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: WILDLIFE SEMINAR.
Recent advances in wildlife and fisheries research and management.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(FORS)(BTNY)ECOL 8310. Population Ecology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: POPULATION ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L and permission of department.
Advanced ecological theory to biological populations. Mathematical and evolutionary treatment of population growth and regulation, niche theory, foraging theory, predator-prey theory, habitat selection, and competition.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 8350-8350L. Waterfowl and Wetland Management. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WATERFOWL MGT.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Ecology of North American waterbirds (ducks, geese, swans, shorebirds, rails, gallinules, wading birds) and their habitats. Techniques for managing waterfowl populations by harvest regulations and habitat manipulation. Identification and requirements of important wetland plants.
Non-traditional format: Field trips of up to one week in length required.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 8360. Quantitative Approaches to Conservation Biology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: QUANT CON BIOL.
Course format utilizes lectures, discussions of journal articles, and computer simulation exercises (including model selection/analysis) to explore new quantitative approaches to conservation biology. Topics include habitat selection theory, landscape ecology, and population viability analysis. Students should have previous courses in ecology and statistics.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS 8390-8390L. Estimation of Fish and Wildlife Population Parameters. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: EST FISH WILDL POP.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Statistical methods for estimating parameters and testing hypotheses of fish and wildlife populations. Models of population dynamics. Sampling and estimation methods including line-transect, mark-recapture, removal, catch-effort, tag-recovery, and analysis of failure times. Optimization and decision-theoretic methods for wildlife and fisheries management.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

(FORS)BTNY(ECOL) 8410. Community Ecology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: COMM ECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: ECOL 4010/6010-4010L/6010L and STAT 4220.
The applicability of advanced theory to multi-species communities. Patterns and processes that influence species composition, diversity, and function. Topics include deterministic vs. stochastic regulation, succession, resource partitioning, patch dynamics, island biogeography, and food webs.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 8480. Quantitative Modeling of Forest Stands. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: QUANT MODELS FOREST.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Application of statistical and mathematical modeling concepts along with computer technology to develop models of forest tree and stand growth and yield. Formulation of mathematical models with proper biological behavior and estimation of parameters using compatible growth and yield structures and systems fitting methods.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

FORS 8490. Sampling Techniques for Biological Populations. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SAMP TECH BIO POP.
Prerequisite: [STAT 4240/6240 and STAT 4510/6510] or permission of school.
Theory of probability sampling procedures for populations of interest to forest resource managers.
Not offered on a regular basis.

FORS(PARA) 8500-8500L. Diseases of Wildlife I. 5 hours. 3 hours lecture and 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WILDLIFE DISEASES.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Prerequisite or corequisite: FORS(PARA) 8510-8510L.
Fundamental causes of disease-induced morbidity and mortality among free-ranging wildlife populations. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, lesions, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management significance of diseases produced by viral and microbial pathogens.
Offered summer semester every year.

FORS(PARA) 8510-8510L. Diseases of Wildlife II. 5 hours. 3 hours lecture and 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WILDLIFE DISEASES.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Prerequisite or corequisite: FORS(PARA) 8500-8500L.
Fundamental causes of disease-induced morbidity and mortality among free-ranging wildlife populations. Emphasis is on the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, lesions, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management significance of diseases of parasitic, toxicologic, or miscellaneous etiologies.
Offered summer semester every year.

FORS 8550. Chemistry and Synthesis of Wood Adhesives. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADHSV CHEM & SYNTHS.
Prerequisite: CHEM 2410 and CHEM 2410L.
Synthetic resins chemistry including their raw materials, formulations and procedures of their synthesis, and their chemical and physical properties as related to wood adhesive formulations.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS(GEOL) 8730. Aquifer Mechanics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AQUIFER MECHANICS.
Prerequisite: FORS 4110/6110 or GEOL 4220/6220 or GEOG 4030/6030 or CRSS 4600/6600-4600L/6600L or permission of school.
Mechanics of flow through subsurface media, including flow in confined, water table, and leaky aquifers, delayed yield, partially penetrating wells, boundaries, multiple wells, dual porosity media, and fractured rock; use of aquifer tests to estimate aquifer hydraulic properties.
Offered every year.

(FORS)GEOL 8740. Hydrologic Flow and Transport Modeling. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HYDROLOGIC MODELS.
Prerequisite: GEOL 8700 or FORS 4120/6120.
Solutions of surface and subsurface flow and transport problems including finite difference, finite element, and boundary integral methods. Analytic techniques include Laplace-, z-, and Fourier-transform, complex variable, and separation of variables methods. Application to problems commonly found in the environmental field, including capture zones, particle-tracking, advection-dispersion, and non-aqueous phase liquids.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

FORS 8780. Issues in Timberland Finance and Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ISS TIM FIN & MGT.
Prerequisite: FORS 7780.
Current and emerging issues in financing and managing timberland properties. Valuation, risk analysis, and forms of timberland control, at domestic and international levels.
Offered spring semester every year.

FORS 8981. Fisheries and Aquaculture Problems. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: FISHERIES PROBLEMS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual student problems pertaining to fisheries and aquaculture at the doctoral level.
Non-traditional format: Formal classes are not held. Faculty assist students as needed.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 8982. Forestry Problems. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: FORESTRY PROBLEMS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual student problems pertaining to forestry at the doctoral level.
Non-traditional format: Formal classes are not held. Faculty assist students as needed.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 8983. Forest Soils, Hydrology and Environmental Systems Problems. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SOILS & HYDRO PROBS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual student problems pertaining to forest soils, hydrology, and environmental systems at the doctoral level.
Non-traditional format: Formal classes are not held. Faculty assist students as needed.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 8984. Wildlife Ecology and Management Problems. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: WILDLIFE PROBLEMS.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual student problems pertaining to wildlife ecology and management at the doctoral level.
Non-traditional format: Formal classes are not held. Faculty assist students as needed.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 9000. Doctoral Research. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCTORAL RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Research while enrolled for a doctoral degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 9210. Applied Research in Forest Resources. 1-10 hours. Repeatable for maximum 10 hours credit.
Oasis Title: APPLIED RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Individual guidance in the development of a significant project related to the student's major field of study. Preparation of a report meeting professional standards reviewed by a faculty committee.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

FORS 9300. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCT DISSERTATION.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Dissertation writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and preparation of the doctoral dissertation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.