AAEC 2060. Economic Perspectives on the Environment and Natural Resources. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ECON AND ENVIRON.
Not open to students with credit in AAEC 3060 or AAEC 4650 or ECON 2100 or ECON 4150.
An exploration of the relationships between a healthy environment and a healthy economy. Students gain conceptual insight, problem-solving skills, and general knowledge needed to better understand and solve environmental and natural resource issues and problems from an economic perspective that recognizes important linkages between economic, environmental, and ethical systems.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 2580. Applied Microeconomic Principles. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: APP MICROECN PRIN.
Not open to students with credit in ECON 2106.
Microeconomic principles such as consumer demand, cost of production and management are utilized to analyze the relative prosperity of the population in Georgia outside of the major urban centers. The impact of international trade, capital availability in the rural economy, environmental policies, as well as the maintenance of a viable rural industry will be important topics in this course.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 3010. Farm Organization and Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FARM ORG MAN.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
The study of individual farm programs for the purpose of determining methods to be used for increasing farm income.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 3020. Analysis of Agribusiness and Natural Resource Issues. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ANALY AGB/NAT RES.
Not open to students with credit in AAEC 2020-2020L.
Prerequisite: (AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106) and STAT 2000.
Research applications using Microsoft Office suite for real world economic problem solving in agribusiness and natural resource areas. Development of research proposal, hypothesis formation, data collection and analysis, written paper and visual presentation. Emphasis on written, analytical, and presentation skills development by student teams with Word, Excel, Access, and Powerpoint.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 3040. Agribusiness Marketing. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AGRIBUS MARKETING.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Agribusiness marketing for farm products describing and analyzing agribusiness marketing functions to have a comprehensive understanding of the principles of agribusiness marketing.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 3060. Principles of Resource Economics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: RESOURCE ECONOMICS.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Basic theoretical concepts and analytical tools necessary to evaluate resource use, allocation, and policy. Emphasis is placed upon theoretical applications to natural, rural, and agricultural resources which impact both public sector and private sector economic activities.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

AAEC 3100. Food and Fiber Marketing. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FOOD AND FIBER MKT.
Not open to students with credit in MARK 3000.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Basic concepts of marketing food and fiber and related services and for making essential marketing decisions; approaches food and fiber product marketing as being individual and organization activities aimed at facilitating and expediting exchanges within a set of dynamic environmental factors.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 3200. Selling in Agribusiness. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SELLING IN AGRIBUS.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Sales and merchandising techniques appropriate for agricultural selling and marketing. The psychology of selling, the selling process, spatial marketing strategies, and communication skills are emphasized, as used in agribusiness.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 3300. Agribusiness Accounting. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AGRIBUS ACCOUNTING.
Not open to students with credit in ACCT 1160 or ACCT 2101 or AAEC 2110 or AAEC 3300.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Accounting for agribusiness firms with emphasis on financial statement preparation and analysis of accounting information for managerial purposes. Special emphasis is given to problems of income measurement and asset valuation for agribusiness firms.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

AAEC 3400. Introduction to Agricultural Policy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO AG POLICY.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Domestic and international government policies affecting agriculture, agribusinesses, and rural economies. Policy alternatives aimed at solving economic and environmental problems of the food and agricultural sector are identified and evaluated.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

AAEC 3510. Agricultural Credit. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AGRICULTURAL CREDIT.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
The techniques and principles of finance of the farm firm and a study of needs, sources, and problems associated with credit and capital use among individual farm business units.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 3580-3580L. Intermediate Economic Principles. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTER ECON PRIN.
Not open to students with credit in ECON 4010.
Prerequisite: (AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106) and [MATH 2110 or (MATH 2210 and MATH 2210L)].
Competitive and imperfect markets in the allocation of consumer goods and input factors in the free enterprise economy.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

AAEC 3690. Agribusiness Finance. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: AGRIBUSINESS FIN.
Not open to students with credit in FINA 3000.
Prerequisite: (AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106) and (AAEC 3300 or ACCT 2101) and STAT 2000.
Financial concepts and analysis related to agribusiness firms, including analysis based on financial statements, business and financial risk, valuation, and capital budgeting.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

AAEC 3910. Internships. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: INTERNSHIPS.
Prerequisite: Junior standing and permission of department.
Educational experience gained while performing an internship for an agribusiness, governmental, environmental management, or natural resource agency or organization.
Non-traditional format: Internship.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 3980. Introduction to Agribusiness Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO AGRIBUS MGT.
Not open to students with credit in AAEC 4980/6980.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Managerial concepts, procedures, and techniques in agribusiness management. Techniques of planning, organization, staffing, directing, and controlling functions of management.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent Study (USGIS).
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 4040-4040L. Quantitative Approaches to Agribusiness Management. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: QUANT APP AGB MGT.
Prerequisite: STAT 2000.
Prerequisite or corequisite: AAEC 3580-3580L.
Agribusiness decision making and forecasting using probabilities and simulation.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 4050/6050. Agribusiness and Natural Resource Law. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AG & NAT RES LAW.
Not open to students with credit in LEGL 4400/6400.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Third year standing and (POLS 1101 or HIST 2111 or HIST 2112).
Students will survey legal principles applying to agribusiness firms and natural resources, legal basics, and learn how to access legal materials. Through an understanding of common law, case law, statutes and regulations, students will learn how to discern rights and obligations regarding contracts, torts, property, and natural resources. The materials should enable students to recognize and avoid legal problems and effectively use legal counsel.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

AAEC 4210/6210. Production Economics: Theory with Applications. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PRODUCTION ECON.
Undergraduate prerequisite: AAEC 3580-3580L.
Fundamental economic principles in determining efficient adjustments in agricultural resource use consistent with economic growth, and changing technology and economic conditions.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC(EHSC) 4250/6250. Environmental and Public Health Law. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENV PUB HLTH LAW.
Not open to students with credit in AAEC 4930/6930.
Basic legal principles and procedures as they relate to environmental regulations and public health. Coverage of common law, torts, nuisances, regulatory standards, and state and federal environmental laws. Delineation of significant constitutional and federal regulations that affect managerial decisions.
Offered spring semester every year.
AAEC(EHSC) 4250H. Environmental and Public Health Law (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENV PUB HLTH LAW.
Not open to students with credit in AAEC 4930/6930.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Basic legal principles and procedures as they relate to environmental regulations and public health. Coverage of common law, torts, nuisances, regulatory standards, and state and federal environmental laws. Delineation of significant constitutional and federal regulations that affect managerial decisions.
Offered spring semester every year.

(AAEC)(ANTH)(ECOL)FORS(GEOG)(INTL)(RLST) 4271/6271. Field Studies in Natural Resources. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 10 hours credit.
Oasis Title: NAT RES FIELD STUDY.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Field studies to explore the management and conservation of natural resources with a focus on issues related to forestry, wildlife, ecology, recreation and tourism, geology, and/or coastal/water resources. The impact of humans on these resources will also be emphasized.
Non-traditional format: The course will include an extended field experience and series of lectures combined with seminars, presentations, and/or student projects.
Offered summer semester every year.

AAEC 4510/6510. Farm Appraisal. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FARM APPRAISAL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: AAEC 3690 or FINA 3000.
The models of appraisal to farm property, including factors influencing farm land and building values, such as land use, soils, crops, livestock, and buildings.
Offered summer semester every odd-numbered year.

AAEC 4610-4610L. Applied Econometrics. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: APP ECONOMETRICS.
Not open to students with credit in AAEC 3610-3610L.
Prerequisite: STAT 2000.
Prerequisite or corequisite: AAEC 3580-3580L.
Basic applied econometric analysis, including simple regression analysis, hypothesis testing, model selection, and data collection techniques. Applications are an integral part of the course, with students using computers to solve problems common in agricultural and environmental sciences.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

AAEC 4650. Environmental Economics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENVIRON ECON.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Prerequisite or corequisite: AAEC 3580-3580L.
Economic theory and methods applied to environmental problems and policies. Policies affecting individual and business decisions about environmental quality, policy formation, and incentive-based solutions; alternatives for reform evaluated for political and economic acceptability.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 4710/6710. Rural Economic Development and Growth. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: RURAL ECON DEV GRO.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Third year standing and (AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106).
Inputs and outputs between agriculture and agricultural businesses; analysis of factors affecting development and economic growth in developing areas.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC(AFST) 4720. Food Security, Economic Development, and the Environment. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FOOD ECON DEV ENV.
Prerequisite: AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106.
Many contemporary economic development problems share a strong economic component. The objectives of this course are to provide economic background and insights into the global food and fiber industry within unique physical and business environments.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 4760. The Economics of Agricultural Processing and Marketing. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AG PROC & MKT ECON.
Prerequisite or corequisite: AAEC 3580-3580L.
The economics of the agricultural processing and marketing sectors. Economics of assembly line production; efficient plant size, location, and operation; the economics of commodity storage; the economics of the marketing sector; spatial competition; and price and quantity competition among firms with market power.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 4800/6800. Water Resource Economics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: WATER RESOURCE ECON.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Third year standing and (AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106).
The economic aspects of the use, supply, development, and management of water resources with special emphasis on river basin and project planning, benefit-cost analyses, water demands, and multiple use management of water resources.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent Study (USGIS).
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC(FINA) 4870/6870. Futures and Option Markets. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FUTURES & OPT MKTS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (AAEC 2580 or ECON 2106) and (AAEC 3690 or FINA 3000).
Development, functions, and importance of futures and option markets. Futures and option contracts; issues such as speculation, the roles of commission houses, commodity exchanges, and clearinghouses; and the use of future contracts as instruments for financing business activities. Technical and fundamental trading theories.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

AAEC 4910/6910. International Agribusiness Marketing and Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AGRIBUSINESS ABROAD.
Undergraduate prerequisite: AAEC 3040 or AAEC 3100.
Graduate prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
Directed field study tour(s), site visits to agribusiness firms, and lectures in agribusiness marketing and management from an international perspective. Language, cultural, and environmental aspects of agricultural production, processing, and international marketing.
Offered summer semester every year.

AAEC 4930/6930. Environmental Law and Governmental Regulation. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENV LAW GOV REG.
Not open to students with credit in AAEC(EHSC) 4250.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Third year standing and (POLS 1101 or HIST 2111 or HIST 2112).
Regulatory theory, externalities and market failures, definition of key regulations affecting agribusiness, overview of local government law, and delineation of environmental laws relating to agriculture. Current environmental issues are related to statutory, administrative, and regulatory authorities.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 4960. International Agricultural Trade Policy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INT AG TRADE POLICY.
Prerequisite or corequisite: AAEC 3580-3580L.
Basic international trade theory, its application to agricultural commodity trade, and the effects of international relations and agricultural policy on world trade.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 4960H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED READING.
Prerequisite: Senior standing and permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 4970H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED READING.
Prerequisite: Senior standing and permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 4980/6980. Agribusiness Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AGRIBUSINESS MGT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (ACCT 2101 or AAEC 3300) and (AAEC 3690 or FINA 3000) and (AAEC 3040 or AAEC 3100).
The basic skills needed to be an effective manager of an agribusiness; applying and integrating these skills into a workable approach to management; provides a step-by-step approach to the application of basic practical management skills in marketing, demand analysis, forecasting, finance, plant operations, and personnel.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

AAEC 4980H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED READING.
Prerequisite: Senior standing and permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 4990. Special Topics in Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 3 hours credit.
Oasis Title: APPLIED ECON TOPICS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Special problems in agricultural, environmental, or other applied economics analysis, decision making, and policy studies.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 4990H. Honors Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HONORS THESIS.
Prerequisite: Fourth-year student standing and permission of department and permission of Honors.
Individual research in the field of his/her major or in a closely related field.
Non-traditional format: Students in this course meet with their supervising professor as needed to successfully complete assignments and readings.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 6580-6580L. Microeconomics: Theory with Applications I. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MICRO/APP I.
Prerequisite: AAEC 3580 -3580L or permission of major.
Partial and general equilibrium analyses in the study of efficient resource allocation among households and firms. Perfect and imperfect output and input markets are investigated in terms of economic efficiency.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 6590. Microeconomics: Theory with Applications II. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MICRO/APP II.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
Fundamental economic principles in determining efficient adjustments in agricultural resource use consistent with economic growth, and changing technology and economic conditions.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 6610. Quantitative Techniques in Agricultural Economics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: QUANT TECH AG ECON.
Prerequisite: STAT 4210 or STAT 6210 or permission of major.
Basic quantitative techniques in agricultural economic theory, emphasizing basic models used in the study of prices, marketing, and production.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 6630. Decision Theory for Resource Allocation. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: RESOURCE ALLOCATION.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
Application of decision theory to natural and economic resources. Linear, nonlinear, and dynamic programming techniques for problems in economic and natural resource allocation.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 6760. Intermediate Agricultural Prices. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTERM AG PRICES.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L and AAEC 6610.
Price theory and statistical techniques that allow the student to advance beyond the introductory level of analyzing agricultural prices.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 6960. International Agricultural Trade. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTERNAT AG TRADE.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
Trade theory and an analysis of agricultural policies among nations.
Offered summer semester every even-numbered year.

AAEC 7000. Master's Research. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a master's degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 7005. Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: GRAD STUDENT SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 7300. Master's Thesis. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Thesis writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and thesis preparation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 7600. Environmental Economics and Policy Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENVIR ECON POL ANAL.
Environmental policy in both mathematical and intuitive economics, including externalities, policy instruments, and implementation. Concepts are applied to United States environmental policy toward air and water pollution, hazardous substances, and implementation of environmental law.
Offered spring semester every year.

(AAEC)FORS 7860. Resource Economics and Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: RES ECONOMICS & MGT.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L or ECON 8000.
Economic and physical concepts of scarcity, the impact of market and social factors on resource use, and the optimal management of renewable and nonrenewable resources.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 8000. Special Readings in Agricultural Economics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SPEC READINGS AG EC.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Literature, the concepts and analytical tools for production economics, marketing, or resource economics.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 8010. Seminar in Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1 hour. Repeatable for maximum 3 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR AG APP ECON.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
Agricultural policy, production, marketing, development, trade, agribusiness management or natural resources. Theoretical and methodological issues, empirical analyses, and firm/industry/academic policy and other research issues.
Non-traditional format: Graduate seminar course.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 8020. Topics in Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: AG & APP ECON TOPIC.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Agricultural policy, production, marketing, development, trade, agribusiness management or natural resources. Theoretical and methodological issues, empirical analyses, firm/industry policy, and other issues.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 8080. Production Economics: Theory and Application. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PROD ECO THRY & APP.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L and AAEC 6610.
Economic theory of production, duality, applications, and modeling.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

AAEC 8100. Nonmarket Economic Valuation Techniques and Applications. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: NONMRKT ECON VAL.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
Economic analysis of contemporary rural natural resources, environmental policies, and agricultural policies and projects. Application of theory and techniques to local, state, and national problems and issues, particularly those affecting rural areas.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

(AAEC)EHSC 8120. Roles and Responsibilities of Environmental Policy Makers. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: ENVIRON POLICY.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Roles of science, engineering, law, journalism, economics, grass roots activism, and the legislative and regulatory process in the development of environmental policy.
Offered spring semester every year.

AAEC 8140. Consumer Demand Theory. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONSUMER DEM THY.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L and (STAT 4220 or STAT 6220).
Theoretical treatment of consumer demand. Utility theory and its assumptions, consumer behavior theory, and problems of application in agricultural and applied economics.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

AAEC 8210. Agricultural Programs and Policy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AG PROG & POLICY.
Alternative governmental programs and policies as they relate to the solution of specific agricultural problems.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

AAEC 8300. Agricultural Economics Research. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: AG ECON RESEARCH.
Methodology, techniques, and guidance for individual research in problems of agricultural economics.
Offered summer semester every odd-numbered year.

AAEC 8400. Agricultural Market Structure and Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AG MARKET ANALYSIS.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
The market in economic development and evaluation of structure, conduct, and performance in the United States agribusiness sector. Problems of market coordination and associated policy issues.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

(AAEC)ECOL 8700. Environmental Policy and Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENV POLICY & MANAGE.
Evolution, form, and substance of United States federal policies and programs that address ecological problems, focusing on the nature of problems and alternatives for effective resolution.
Offered fall semester every year.

AAEC 8710. Advanced Agricultural Development and Growth. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV AG DEV & GRO.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L or ECON 8010.
Major economic problems of the agricultural sector of developing countries and a study of policy instruments which have been used to resolve these problems.
Offered summer semester every odd-numbered year.

AAEC 8750. Natural Resource and Environmental Economics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: NAT RES & ENV ECON.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
Management of natural and environmental resources. Major theoretical concepts will provide a basis for examination of efficient production and consumption allocation decisions related to natural resources. Emphasis will center on economic, institutional, and legal aspects which prevent private markets from efficiently valuing resources.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

AAEC 8760. Topics in Natural Resource and Environmental Economics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ENVIRO ECON TOPICS.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L.
Classical and contemporary topics in natural resource and environmental economics following a seminar/discussion format.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

AAEC 8800. Dynamic Optimization in Agricultural and Resource Economics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DYN OPT AG RES ECON.
Prerequisite: AAEC 6580-6580L and ECON 8000 and ECON 8110.
Dynamic optimization and optimal control techniques relevant to agricultural and resource economics. Calculus of variations, the maximum principle, dynamic programming, and both open-loop and closed-loop optimal control.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

AAEC 8850. Risk and Uncertainty in Agricultural Decision Making. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: RISK IN AG DECISION.
Prerequisite: ECON 8020.
Applications of microeconomic theory to measure and assess the impact of risk on firm, consumer, and market decisions and welfare. Evaluation of main sources of risk, including price, production, and technological uncertainty. Identification of firm responses to risk in financing, marketing, insurance, and contractual arrangements.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

AAEC 9000. Doctoral Research. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCTORAL RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a doctoral degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 9005. Doctoral Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOC GRAD STU SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

AAEC 9300. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCT DISSERTATION.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Dissertation writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and preparation of the doctoral dissertation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.