BIOL 1103. Basic Concepts in Biology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONCEPTS IN BIOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 1210-1210L or BIOL 1107-1107L or PBIO 1210-1210L.
Science as a process, evolution, energy transfer, genetic continuity, complementarity of structure and function, regulation and homeostasis, interdependence in nature. Topics include chemistry of life, cells, cellular energetics, heredity, molecular genetics, growth and development, evolutionary biology, principles of ecology.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 1103H. Principles of Biology (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PRINCIPLES OF BIO.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 1210-1210L or BIOL 1107-1107L or PBIO 1210-1210L.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Central themes of Biology: science as a process, evolution, energy transfer, genetic continuity, complementarity of structure and function, regulation and homeostasis, interdependence in nature. Topics include: chemistry of life, cells, cellular energetics, heredity, molecular genetics, growth and development, evolutionary biology, principles of ecology.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BIOL 1103L. Concepts in Biology Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CONCEPTS IN BIO LAB.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1107-1107L or BTNY 1210-1210L or PBIO 1210-1210L.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 1103 and BIOL 1103L.
Introduction to cellular structure and function, Mendelian and population genetics, and environmental concepts. Observation and experimental exercises are combined with written assignments to reinforce content.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 1104. Organismal Biology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ORGANISMAL BIOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 1220-1220L or BIOL 1108-1108L or PBIO 1220-1220L.
A general biology course focused on organisms, including diversity and phylogeny. The relationship of biological history to geological time, structure and function, interaction with the environment, global issues.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BIOL 1104H. Organismal Biology (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ORGANISMAL BIOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 1220-1220L or BIOL 1108-1108L or PBIO 1220-1220L.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
A general biology course focused on organisms. Topics include: diversity and phylogeny, structure and function, interaction with the environment, global issues.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BIOL 1104L. Organismal Biology Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ORGANISMAL LAB.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 1220-1220L or BIOL 1108-1108L or PBIO 1220-1220L.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 1104.
Introduction to diversity of bacteria; protists, fungi, plants, invertebrates; observational and experimental study of aquatic ecosystems; vertebrate physiology.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BIOL 1107-1107L. Principles of Biology I. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PRINCIPLES OF BIO I.
Prerequisite: (CHEM 1211 and CHEM 1211L) or (CHEM 1411 and CHEM 1411L) or (CHEM 1311H and CHEM 1311L).
Biological chemistry, cell structure and function, bioenergetics, mitosis and meiosis, genetics, gene expression and regulation, gene technology, population genetics, evolution.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BIOL 1107H. Principles of Biology I (Honors). 1 hour.
Oasis Title: PRINC BIO HONORS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Seminars, readings, and discussions of topics related to general biology.
Non-traditional format: This seminar course meets for 60-90 minutes weekly.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BIOL 1108-1108L. Principles of Biology II. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PRINCIPLES BIO II.
Prerequisite: (BIOL 1103 and BIOL 1103L) or BIOL 1107-1107L or BIOL 2107H-2107L.
Microbial diversity and physiology; plant and animal diversity, growth, reproduction and physiology; ecology.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 1108H. Principles of Biology II (Honors). 1 hour.
Oasis Title: PRINC BIO HONORS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Seminars, readings, and discussion of topics related to general biology.
Non-traditional format: This seminar course meets for 60-90 minutes weekly.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 1117L. Introductory Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO BIOL LAB I.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1103L.
Introduction to cell and molecular biology experiments, including organic molecules, enzymes, photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, Mendelian genetics, DNA restriction analysis, PCR and DNA profiling, and muscle protein biochemistry.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BIOL 1118L. Introductory Organismal Biology Laboratory II. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO ORGANIS LAB.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1104L.
Introduction to biological diversity. Study of bacteria, archaea, protists, plants, fungi, and animals. Study of aquatic ecosystems and vertebrate physiology.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BIOL 1990. Orientation to Biology Degree Programs. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: ORIENT BIO PROGRAMS.
Introduces students to the Division of Biological Sciences, its departments and the requirements for the biology degree, careers in the biological sciences.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(BIOL)ENTO 2010. Insects and the Environment. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INSECTS/ENVIRONMENT.
Designed to acquaint students with our dependence on and interaction with insects in today's world.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)(CHEM)(GEOL)HONS(PHYS) 2070H. Honors Science. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HONORS SCIENCE.
Not open to students with credit in PHYS 1010 or CHEM 1110.
Prerequisite: (ENGL 1101 or MATH 1101) and permission of Honors.
Concepts of physics, chemistry, geology, and biology in an integrated fashion. The evolution of the universe from the primordial state to the present time, and considers human interaction with the environment.
Non-traditional format: Occasional weekend field trips required.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)(CHEM)(GEOL)HONS(PHYS) 2080H. Honors Science. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HONORS SCIENCE.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 1220-1220L or GEOL 1121 or PBIO 1220-1220L.
Prerequisite: HONS(BIOL)(CHEM)(GEOL)(PHYS) 2070H and permission of Honors.
Concepts of physics, chemistry, geology, and biology in an integrated fashion. The evolution of the universe from the primordial state to the present time, and considers human interaction with the environment.
Non-traditional format: Weekend field trips required.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BIOL 2107H-2107L. Principles of Biology I (Honors). 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PRIN BIOL I HON.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1107-1107L.
Prerequisite: [(CHEM 1211 and CHEM 1211L) or (CHEM 1311H and CHEM 1311L) or (CHEM 1411 and CHEM 1411L)] and permission of Honors.
Biological chemistry, metabolism, cell and membrane structure and function, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, cell cycle, meiosis, classical and molecular genetics, DNA technology, evolutionary theory, natural selection, population genetics, speciation.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BIOL 2108H-2108L. Principles of Biology II (Honors). 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PRIN BIOL II HON.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 1108-1108L or BIOL 1104.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107-1107L and permission of Honors.
Organismal biology. Bacteria, archeae, protista, plantae, fungi and animalia evolution, diversity, growth, reproduction, physiology and ecology.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BIOL 2990H. Seminar in Modern Biology (Honors). 1 hour. Repeatable for maximum 2 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR IN MOD BIO.
Prerequisite: [(BIOL 1103 and BIOL 1103L) or (BIOL 1104 and BIOL 1104L) or BIOL 1107-1107L or BIOL 1108-1108L] and permission of Honors.
Discussion of topics in modern biology with faculty members from the biological sciences. Topics will vary from year to year and several topics will be considered each semester.
Non-traditional format: This seminar course meets 60-90 minutes weekly.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)GENE 3000. Evolutionary Biology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: EVOL BIOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in GENE(BIOL) 4600/6600.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
An introduction to biological evolution, from the level of genes to populations to species.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)GENE 3000H. Honors Seminar in Evolutionary Biology. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: HONORS EVOL SEMINAR.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Corequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3000.
Supplementary discussion of topics in evolutionary biology, including microevolution and macroevolution.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)(CRSS)PBIO 3020. Genomic Biology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GENOMIC BIOLOGY.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107-1107L.
An introduction to genomics and the bioinformatics that underpin genome analyses. Cutting edge technologies, the scientific knowledge arising from their applications, and the societal impacts of genomics will be discussed.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BIOL)BCMB(CHEM) 3100. Introductory Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRODUCT BIOCHEM.
Prerequisite: (CHEM 2211 or CHEM 2311H or CHEM 2411) and (CHEM 2211L or CHEM 2311L or CHEM 2411L).
The structure and function of biological molecules, enzymology, metabolism and bioenergetics, and recombinant DNA technology.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 3110L. Basic Skills in the Laboratory. 4 hours. 12 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: BASIC LAB SKILLS.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107-1107L and CHEM 2211 and CHEM 2211L.
An intensive laboratory course emphasizing acquisition of skills in common use in research laboratories. Techniques range from solution preparation to isolation and analysis of DNA and protein. Includes proper procedures for keeping a laboratory notebook, laboratory safety, and time management.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(BIOL)GENE 3200. Genetics. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: GENETICS.
Prerequisite or corequisite: [BIOL 1104 or BIOL 1108-1108L] and [BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010].
Genetic mechanisms in viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotic cells in a comparative sense. Topics include molecular genetics and gene action, transfer systems and mapping, cytological, quantitative, and population genetics.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(BIOL)GENE 3200H. Genetics. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: GENETICS.
Prerequisite or corequisite: [(BIOL 1104 and BIOL 1104L) or BIOL 1108-1108L] and [BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010] and GENE(BIOL)3200.
Genetic mechanisms in viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotic cells in a comparative sense. Topics include molecular genetics and gene action, transfer systems and mapping, cytological, quantitative, and population genetics. Seminar focusing on the scientific literature relevant to genetics, and discussions of topics in genetics.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)GENE 3210L. Experimental Genetics. 3 hours. 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: EXP GENETICS.
Not open to students with credit in GENE(BIOL) 3210.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3200.
A laboratory course that emphasizes eukaryotic genetics. Students will carry out experiments in classical transmission genetics as well as modern molecular genetics.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BIOL)PBIO 3240L. Transposable Elements of Style: Science and Sentences. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: GENES & WRITING LAB.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107-1107L or BIOL 2107H-2107L or permission of department.
Cutting-edge research techniques and creative writing for science majors. Students will study the fascinating world of transposable elements, utilizing computer databases and wet- bench science techniques. They will also study how writing unites what they do with the greater world and their own area of study.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BIOL)PBIO 3250L. The Dynamic Genome: Introduction to Bioinformatic and Experimental Research. 4 hours. 8 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: DYNAMIC GENOME RSCH.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107-1107L or BIOL 2107H-2107L.
Cutting-edge research techniques for science majors where students use computational and experimental approaches to determine, often for the first time, what genomes are made of and how they evolve. The focus will be on transposable elements, which comprise over fifty percent of plant and animal genomes.
Offered spring semester every year.

(BIOL)CBIO 3300. Developmental Biology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: DEVELOPMENTAL BIOL.
Prerequisite: BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010 or BCMB 4020/6020.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3200 or PGEN 3580.
Cell differentiation and morphogenesis, primarily in animal development. Gene regulation at the molecular level, gametogenesis, fertilization, normal embryonic development, cell and tissue interactions, hormonal regulation, and developmental aspects of cancer and the immune response.
Offered spring and summer semesters every year.

(BIOL)CBIO 3400. Cell Biology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: CELL BIOLOGY.
Prerequisite: BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3200.
Structure and function of cells: cell architecture and organization, cell cycle, membrane phenomena, organellogenesis, energy transduction, and cellular control mechanisms.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(BIOL)CBIO 3400E. Cell Biology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: CELL BIOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in CBIO(BIOL) 3400.
Prerequisite: BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3200.
Structure and function of cells: cell architecture and organization, cell cycle, membrane phenomena, organellogenesis, energy transduction, and cellular control mechanisms.

(BIOL)CBIO 3410L. Laboratory in Cellular and Developmental Biology. 4 hours. 10 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: LAB CELL DEV BIOL.
Prerequisite: BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010 or BCMB 4020/6020.
Cell biology research techniques in cell cycle and cell differentiation, cell adhesion, motility, molecular transport, and cell metabolism. Cell culture, cell fractionation, fluorescence and laser-confocal microscopy, electron microscopy, immunocytochemistry, DNA isolation, polymerase chain reaction, and DNA sequencing.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)(AFST)PBIO 3450. Natural History of Africa. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: NAT HISTORY AFRICA.
Prerequisite: (BIOL 1103 and BIOL 1103L) or permission of department.
The study of natural history on location in Africa. During visits to game parks, rain forests, coral reefs, beaches, and mangrove forests, the animal, plant, and insect species will be identified, and the geological setting will be explained. Human evolution and exploitation of the environment will also be discussed.
Non-traditional format: Background lectures, usually at night, on the topics to be studied or the locations to be visited. Students are required to keep a detailed journal with daily observations of what they have learned and sketches of what they have seen. This is a Study Abroad course taught during the Maymester.
Offered summer semester every year.

(BIOL)(AFST)PBIO 3450H. Natural History of Africa (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: NAT HISTORY AFRICA.
Not open to students with credit in PBIO(AFST)(BIOL) 3450.
Prerequisite: [(BIOL 1103 and BIOL 1103L) or permission of department] and permission of Honors.
The study of natural history on location in Africa. During visits to game parks, rain forests, coral reefs, beaches, and mangrove forests, the animal, plant, and insect species will be identified, and the geological setting will be explained. Human evolution and exploitation of the environment will also be discussed.
Non-traditional format: Background lectures, usually at night, on the topics to be studied or the locations to be visited. Students are required to keep a detailed journal with daily observations of what they have learned and sketches of what they have seen. Students seeking Honors credit are required to write a paper on a mutually agreed specific topic. This is a Study Abroad course taught during the Maymester.
Offered summer semester every year.

(BIOL)ECOL 3500-3500L. Ecology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ECOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 3210.
Prerequisite: [BIOL 1104 or BIOL 1108-1108L or (PBIO 1220 and PBIO 1220L)] and [(CHEM 1211 and CHEM 1211L) or (CHEM 1311H and CHEM 1311L)].
Population structure and dynamics, organization and classification of communities, and nutrient and energy flows in ecosystems.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent Study (USGIS).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(BIOL)ECOL 3510. Ecology Laboratory. 3-4 hours. Repeatable for maximum 10 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ECOLOGY LABORATORY.
Prerequisite: ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L.
Techniques and methodologies to assess organismal, population, community, or ecosystem interactions.
Non-traditional format: A field course taught for blocks of time off-campus (semester breaks or summer). Additional on-campus lecture hours may be added depending upon the field schedule.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)(ECOL)(EHSC)ENTO(LAND) 3590-3590L. Urban Entomology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: URBAN ENTOMOLOGY.
Prerequisite: (BIOL 1104 and BIOL 1104L) or BIOL 1108-1108L or permission of department.
Urban entomology, including identification, biology, and control of insects and selected arthropod pests with emphasis on the efficacy and environmental impact of pest control tactics in the urban habitat.
Offered spring semester every year.

(BIOL)PBIO 3600. Plant Cell and Developmental Biology. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: PLANT CELL DEV BIO.
Prerequisite: BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010 or BCMB 4020/6020.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3200 or PGEN 3580.
Structure and function of plant cells, their membranes, cell walls, organelles and tissues; energy transduction and signalling mechanisms; regulation of gene expression in response to the environment, tissue interactions, hormones and during development; developmental programs and their controls during flowering, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryogenesis, seed germination, and morphogenesis.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BIOL)PBIO 3660L. Plant Biology Intensive Laboratory. 4 hours. Repeatable for maximum 8 hours credit. 8 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PLANT BIOL LAB.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L or (PBIO 1220 and PBIO1220L) or permission of department.
An intensive field, laboratory, and informatics course focused on the biology and evolution of Georgia plants in a local habitat. Methods include those used in experimental field biology, taxonomy, population biology, and DNA-based identification of taxa and their evolutionary history.
Offered spring semester every year.

BIOL(WILD) 3700. Animal Behavior. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ANIMAL BEHAVIOR.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
Principles of animal behavior, integrating genetic, physiological, developmental, and evolutionary aspects. Topics include communication, reproduction, sociality, foraging, defense, migration, habitat selection, and learning.
Offered fall semester every year.

BIOL 3710L. Animal Behavior Laboratory. 3 hours. 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ANIM BEHAV LAB.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 3700.
Firsthand experience with diverse living animals illustrates behavior principles and provides experience with methods and techniques of behavior research. Data analysis and written communication of experimental results are important components.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

BIOL 3720L. Field Animal Behavior. 3 hours. 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FIELD ANIM BEHAV.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
Hands-on field study of animals living in diverse habitats. Illustrates behavior principles and provides experience with methods and techniques used in animal behavior research. Emphasis on data analysis and written communication of results.
Non-traditional format: Taught in Australia.
Offered summer semester every year.

(BIOL)CBIO 3800. Neurobiology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: NEUROBIOLOGY.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 1104 or BIOL 1108-1108L.
Structural organization, cell biology, physiology, development, and integration of the nervous system. This course integrates individual nervous system cells into neural systems for motivation, locomotion, perception, and learning.
Offered spring semester every year.

BIOL 3900. Readings in Biology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 3 hours credit.
Oasis Title: READINGS IN BIO.
Individual study or readings under the direction of a faculty member.
Non-traditional format: Individual study or readings under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 3900H. Readings in Biology (Honors). 1-3 hours.
Oasis Title: READINGS IN BIO H.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 3900.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study or readings under the direction of a faculty member.
Non-traditional format: The hours for this reading course are arranged by the student and the professor.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 3910. Topics in Biology. 2-4 hours. Repeatable for maximum 8 hours credit.
Oasis Title: TOPICS IN BIOLOGY.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107-1107L and BIOL 1108-1108L.
Topics will vary by semester and instructor. Faculty will cover or expand upon subjects not normally addressed in other classes. The subject will vary by instructor and semester.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BIOL 3990. Seminar in the Practice of Medicine. 1 hour. Repeatable for maximum 2 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR PRACT MED.
Prerequisite or corequisite: BCMB(BIOL)(CHEM) 3100 or BCMB 4010/6010.
Topics are selected for each term with input from students enrolled. Topics in the past have included Medical Malpractice, Dementia in the Elderly, Issues on Payment for Health Care in America, Missions of Specific Medical Schools, Osteopathic Medicine, Biomedical Ethical Issues, Care of the Elderly, and other issues pertinent to the individual physician and his/her patients in the United States today.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(BIOL)FORS 4050/6050-4050L/6050L. Mammalogy. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MAMMALOGY.
Not open to students with credit in ECOL 4030/6030-4030L/6030L.
Prerequisite: FORS(ECOL) 3580-3580L or permission of school.
Mammalian diversity with emphasis on taxonomic identification, systematics, natural history, and methods of field study.
Offered fall semester every year.

(BIOL)POUL 4060/6060. Physiology of Avian Reproduction. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AVIAN REPRODUCTION.
Undergraduate prerequisite: BIOL 1108-1108L.
An overview of avian reproduction including anatomy, environmental cues for initiation of reproduction, ovarian and testicular development, fertilization, incubation, and embryology. Emphasis will be placed on avian reproductive endocrinology, follicular development, and spermatogenesis.
Offered spring semester every year.

(BIOL)ECOL 4150/6150-4150D/6150D. Population Biology of Infectious Diseases. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: POP BIOL INFECT DIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (BIOL 1104 or BIOL 1108-1108L or PBIO 1220) and (STAT 2000 or MATH 2200 or MATH 2250).
Ecology and evolution of infectious diseases that affect free-living animals, plants and human populations. Topics include pathogen life history and transmission modes, epidemiology and impacts on hosts, evolution of resistance and virulence, emerging infectious diseases, and the role of parasites in wildlife conservation.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

(BIOL)GENE 4210L. Molecular Genetics Laboratory. 4 hours. 9 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MOL GN LAB.
Prerequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3200.
Lab exercises acquainting students with a variety of techniques relevant to modern molecular genetics. These include transposon and site directed mutagenesis, DNA isolation, restriction digests and gels, PCR, and other techniques.
Offered spring semester every year.

(BIOL)ANTH(ECOL)(ENTO)(PBIO) 4260/6260-4260L/6260L. Natural History Collections Management. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: NAT HIST COLL MGMT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Permission of department.
Theories, policies, and operational procedures in the management of natural history collections, including higher category classification, identification, field collecting, accessioning, preparation, curation, and data management.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

(BIOL)ANTH(ECOL)(EETH)(ENTO)(FANR)(GEOL)(PATH)(PBIO) 4261. Museum of Natural History Internship. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit. 7 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MUS NAT HIST INTERN.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor and permission of Museum of Natural History.
Supervised work experience with a natural history collection. Students will learn techniques and other procedures for curating materials in a collection of their choice under the direction of collection personnel.
Non-traditional format: Students will maintain regular, weekly work schedules totaling 7 hours per week under the supervision of faculty and other collection personnel associated with the Museum of Natural History.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(BIOL)(CRSS)PBIO 4500/6500. Introduction to Gene Technology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GENE TECHNOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY(CRSS)(BIOL) 4500/6500.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GENE(BIOL) 3200.
Methods and applications of gene technology (recombinant DNA) and related concepts in molecular biology. These will include structure and synthesis of macromolecules; cDNA and genomic cloning, polymerase chain reaction; molecular markers and mapping; gene isolation strategies; and various host-vector systems.
Offered every year.

(BIOL)PBIO 4550/6550. Bioinformatics Applications. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: BIOINFORMATICS APPL.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY(BIOL) 6550.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PBIO(BIOL) 3020 or BCMB 3600 or BCMB 3600H or GENE(BIOL) 3200.
Graduate prerequisite: BCMB 8140 or PBIO(CRSS)(BIOL) 4500/6500.
The applications and concepts of computational technologies for solving problems in molecular genetics. Current programs and the principles that underlie them will be discussed. Topics include: sequence and structure databases; sequencing; mapping; sequence alignments (dynamic programming); motifs and profiles; phylogeny reconstruction; probabilistic approaches (Markov models).
Offered spring semester every year.

BIOL 4910. Advanced Topics in Biology. 2-4 hours. Repeatable for maximum 8 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADVANCED TOPICS.
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107-1107L and BIOL 1108-1108L.
Topics will vary by semester and instructor. This course is intended to allow faculty to cover timely, advanced topics of special interest to biology majors, particularly focusing on recent discoveries and technical literature.
Not offered on a regular basis.

BIOL 4940. Internship in Biology. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: BIOLOGY INTERNSHIP.
Prerequisite: (BIOL 1107-1107L or BIOL 2107H-2107L) and (BIOL 1108-1108L or BIOL 2108H-2108L).
Supervised work experience with public agencies, private industry, mass media, or non-profit organizations in the area of the biological sciences. Examples of work experience include traineeships in scientific investigation, environmental impact assessment, financial analysis, mass media, biotechnology law, and informatics. In addition to an off-campus workplace and supervisor, students must identify a UGA faculty member to serve as an academic interface/coordinator. Students must submit a proposal or other documentation (e.g., letter from supervisor) outlining their duties and responsibilities to the faculty coordinator who must approve it.
Non-traditional format: Students will be engaged in supervised work experience with public agencies, private industry, mass media, or non-profit organizations in the area of the biological sciences. After completing the internship students must turn in a final report explaining their experience and results. The internship supervisor must certify that the student completed the internship satisfactorily, and in consultation with the faculty coordinator, agree on a grade.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 4960. Undergraduate Research in Biology. 4 hours. Repeatable for maximum 12 hours credit. 12 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: UNGRAD RESEARCH BIO.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Laboratory research conducted under the supervision of a faculty member in biological sciences. Arrangements must be made in advance. A final paper/report is required to receive credit toward the Biology major.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 4960H. Undergraduate Research in Biology (Honors). 4 hours. 12 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: UNDERGRAD RES BIO H.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 4960.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Laboratory research conducted under the supervision of a faculty member in biological sciences. Arrangements must be made in advance. A final paper/report is required to receive credit toward the Biology major.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 4970H. Undergraduate Research in Biology (Honors). 4 hours. 12 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: UNGRAD RES BIO H.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Laboratory research conducted under the supervision of a faculty member in Biological Sciences. Arrangements must be made in advance. A final paper/report is required.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 4980H. Undergraduate Research in Biology (Honors). 4 hours. 12 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: UNDERGRAD RES BIO H.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Laboratory research conducted under the supervision of a faculty member in biological sciences. Arrangements must be made in advance. A final paper/report is required.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 4990H. Honors Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HONORS THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual research in the major field or in a closely related field.
Non-traditional format: Ten hours of research per week.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL 4990. Biological Research Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: BIOLOGY RES THESIS.
Not open to students with credit in BIOL 4990H.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Written thesis describing the student's biological laboratory research and its relationship to the literature in the field. To be completed under the supervision of faculty.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with supervising faculty on a regular basis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

BIOL(CBIO)(VPAT) 5040/7040. Electron Microscopy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: [(CHEM 1212 and CHEM 1212L) or (CHEM 1412 and CHEM 1412L)] and PHYS 1112-1112L.
Instrument theory and theory of specimen preparation for both transmission and scanning electron microscopy. Fundamentals of X-ray microanalysis, image processing, and image analysis.
Offered fall semester every year.

BIOL(CBIO) 5050L/7050L. Electron Microscopy Laboratory. 3 hours. 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ELECTRON MICRO LAB.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL(CBIO)(VPAT) 5040/7040 or permission of department.
Operation of both transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopes (SEM). Preparation of specimens (ultramicrotomy, critical point drying, negative staining) for examination in both TEM and SEM. Basics of X-ray microanalysis.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

BIOL 5080. Current Topics in Biology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CUR TOPICS IN BIO.
Current topics in biology for high school teachers.
Offered summer semester every year.

BIOL 8000. Tropical Biology. 5-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 12 hours credit.
Oasis Title: TROPICAL BIOLOGY.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Biological concepts pertaining to the tropics through intensive field study.
Non-traditional format: This eight-week course meets seven days a week, fourteen hours a day; applications usually required before November 1 or April 1.
Offered spring and summer semesters every year.

(BIOL)PBIO 8010. Seminar in Teaching Biology. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: BIO TEACHING SEM.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Designed for graduate students and post-docs interested in learning how to teach biology effectively in their own courses rather than as teaching assistants.
Offered spring semester every year.