GEOG 1101. Human Geography: People, Places, and Cultures. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HUMAN GEOGRAPHY.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 2010H-2010D.
Global patterns of resources, population, culture, and economic systems. Factors contributing to these patterns and distinctions between the technologically advanced and less advanced regions of the world.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 1103. Cultural Geography of the United States. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CULTUR GEOG U S.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 2130H-2130D.
Geographic factors underlying multiculturalism and ethnic relationships in the United States. Spatial development and organization of culture; population growth, migration, and urbanization; and the spatial dimensions of political, economic, and social processes.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 1111. Introduction to Physical Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO PHYS GEOG.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 1112 or GEOG 1113 or GEOG 2110H.
Spatial patterns and underlying processes of the physical environment and biosphere, including climate, vegetation, soils, landforms, and water resources.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 1111L. Introduction to Physical Geography Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO PHY GEOG LAB.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 1112L or GEOG 1113L or GEOG 2110L.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOG 1111.
Optional laboratory for Introduction to Physical Geography.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent Study (USGIS).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 1112. Introduction to Weather and Climate. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO WEATH & CLIM.
Atmospheric composition and structure, clouds, precipitation, and atmospheric motion and winds. Organized weather systems, including air masses, fronts, and severe weather. Discussion of global climates includes circulation, wind systems, climate classification, and climate change.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (USGIDL).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 1112L. Introduction to Weather and Climate Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO WEA & CLI LAB.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOG 1112.
Optional laboratory for Introduction to Weather and Climate.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 1113. Introduction to Landforms. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO LANDFORMS.
Analysis and classification of major types of land surfaces, stressing geographic characteristics. Interpretation of relationships between landforms and other phenomena through maps, air photos, and field observations. World coverage with emphasis on North America.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 1113L. Introduction to Landforms Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO LANDFMS LAB.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOG 1113.
Optional laboratory for Introduction to Landforms.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 1125. Resources, Society, and the Environment. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: RESOURCES & ENVIRON.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 2250H-2250D.
Interactions between physical systems and human activities, and their effects on environmental quality and sustainability. Geography of population and resource consumption, food production, water and air quality, energy policy, land/biotic resource management.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 2010H-2010D. Introduction to Human Geography (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTR HUMAN GEOG HON.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 1101-1101D.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Global patterns of resources, population, culture, and economic systems. Factors contributing to these patterns and distinctions between the technologically advanced and less advanced regions of the world.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 2011-2011L. Introduction to Geographic Information Science. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO GIS.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L.
Introduction to principles and applications of Geographic Information Science (GIS). Examines spatial data retrieval, accuracy, management, visualization, and analysis. Emphasis on interdisciplinary nature of GIS and relevance to society. Involves computer examples and exercises that emphasize real-world problem solving.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(GEOG)AFST(ANTH)(CMLT)(HIST)(SOCI) 2100. Introduction to Africa. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO AFRICA.
The history, physical environment (landforms, vegetation, and climate), and sociocultural environment (artistic, political, and social development) of Africa.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 2110H. Introduction to Physical Geography (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO PHYS GEOG HON.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 1111 or GEOG 1112 or GEOG 1113.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Spatial patterns and underlying processes of the physical environment and biosphere, including climate, vegetation, soils, landforms, and water resources.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 2110L. Introduction to Physical Geography Laboratory (Honors). 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INT PHY GEOG LAB H.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 1111L or GEOG 1112L or GEOG 1113L.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOG 2110H.
Optional laboratory for Introduction to Physical Geography (Honors).
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 2130H-2130D. Cultural Geography of the United States (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CUL GEOG U S HON.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 1103-1103D.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Geographic factors underlying multiculturalism and ethnic relationships in the United States. Spatial development and organization of culture; population growth, migration, and urbanization; and the spatial dimensions of political, economic, and social processes.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 2250H-2250D. Resources, Society, and the Environment (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: RESOUR ENVIR HON.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 1125-1125D.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Interactions between physical systems and human activities and their effects on environmental quality and sustainability. Geography of population and resource consumption, food production, water and air quality, energy policy, land/biotic resource management.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 2300. Geographic Data Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOGR DATA ANALYSIS.
Methods and techniques required at various stages of geographic data analysis, including the collection, manipulation, description, presentation, analysis, and interpretation of data. Exercises using statistical and GIS software packages on microcomputers integrate data analysis with geographic information systems.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 2510. The World of Maps: Maps, Air Photos, and Satellite Imagery. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: WORLD OF MAPS.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 3510-3510L or GEOG 4330/6330-4330L/6330L or GEOG 4350/6350-4350L/6350L.
Introduction to use of maps and aerial photographs for analysis of geographic information. Examines the properties of maps and aerial photographs, measurement of map information, interpretation of qualitative and quantitative map information, unusual map types, graphs, aerial photography and imagery, satellite imagery, and digital mapping. Students will be exposed to the hands-on use of maps and information acquisition techniques for both paper and digital maps and photographs.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 2610. Geography of Georgia. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOG OF GEORGIA.
Physical, cultural, economic, historical, and biological landscapes of Georgia, explored through videos, music, and computerized data sets, such as the Interactive Atlas of Georgia and the Georgia 100 GIS.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 3010. General Geomorphology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEN GEOMORPH.
Prerequisite: GEOG 1111 or GEOG 1113 or GEOG 2110H or GEOL 1250-1250L.
Earth surface processes and landforms, including tectonic, volcanic, weathering, soil, hillslope, karst, fluvial, glacial, periglacial, eolian, and coastal geomorphic systems. Relevance to environmental change is stressed. Field trip required.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 3110. Climatology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CLIMATOLOGY.
Prerequisite: GEOG 1111 or GEOG 1112 or GEOG 2110H.
Climatology from local to global scales. Topics include radiation/heat exchanges, the hydrologic cycle, global climate patterns, climate change, measurement and data sources, relationships of climate with ecosystem processes and human activities, climate forecasting and use of the Internet.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 3120-3120L. Weather Analysis and Forecasting. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WEATHER ANALYSIS.
Prerequisite: GEOG 1112.
The collection, display, and application of weather data. The use of meteorological instruments, codes, maps, atmospheric soundings, and thermodynamics diagrams. Interpretation of weather maps using basic meteorological principles.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 3210. Biogeography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: BIOGEOGRAPHY.
Prerequisite: GEOG 1111 or GEOG 1112 or GEOG 2110H.
Factors affecting plant and animal distributions at scales from organisms to biomes. Influence of ecological factors and human activity on distributions, historical biogeography, and patterns of earth's biomes.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 3290. Mountain Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MOUNTAIN GEOGRAPHY.
Prerequisite: GEOG 1111 or GEOG 1113 or GEOG 1125 or permission of department.
The geography of mountainous regions from around the world will be compared to emphasize complexities of the geo-ecosystem and the interplay between humans and the landscape in mountainous terrain. Environmental issues, sustainable resource development, and the historical roots of cultural distinctness in mountainous areas will be analyzed with case studies.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 3510-3510L. Cartography and Graphics. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CARTOG AND GRAPHICS.
Map design techniques including cartographic theory and principles, map interpretation, map database preparation, compilation, symbolization, computer mapping, map reproduction techniques, color, and thematic map design.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 3620. Introduction to Economic Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO ECON GEOGR.
Prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or ECON 2105.
Location factors and principles utilizing theoretical and empirical studies. Focus upon the spatial organization of economic production, consumption, and exchange systems.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 3630. Introduction to Urban Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO URBAN GEOG.
Prerequisite: GEOG 1101.
Theories of inter- and intraurban locations. Procedures in geographical analysis of agglomerated settlements, including demographic, economic, and social attributes.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 3640. The Geography of Human Rights. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOG HUMAN RIGHTS.
An examination of how, where, and under what specific conditions violations of human rights occur. Students will review local and global mechanisms for addressing human rights violations, and evaluate how international law, national policies, and local practices are mutually constituted. Contemporary theoretical debates regarding violence and power, memory and history, and the dilemmas of democratic transitions will be critiqued.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG(AFST) 3650. Africa in the Global Economy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AFRICA GLOBAL ECON.
Prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
Africa's colonialism and its legacy; post-colonial politics; trading relationships; issues of migrant labor; debates over population growth and economic change; environmental degradation; urban development; and agriculture and food security.
Non-traditional format: The course will be taught as part of the Maymester program in Tanzania, involving lectures and field trips.

GEOG 3660. Geography of Food Commodities. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOGRAPHY OF FOOD.
Not open to students with credit in GEOG 2800.
An introduction to the political, economic, and social origins and implications of several Western food commodities, with a focus on breakfast (e.g., coffee, milk, eggs, and peaches). The course focuses on how natural and human resources are organized and regulated along food commodity chains.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 3990. Internship in Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: INTERNSHIP IN GEOG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Placement of students in an outside private or governmental agency where they will utilize geographic techniques in approaching practical problems relevant to the agency's mission. An initial orientation and a postinternship evaluation with the internship committee are required.
Non-traditional format: Internship.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 4020/6020. Fluvial Geomorphology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FLUVIAL GEOMORPH.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1111 or GEOG 1113 or permission of department.
Landforming effects of surface-water movement with emphasis on surface-water hydrology, streamflow mechanics, floods, sediment transport and storage, and landform evolution. Field trips included.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4030/6030. Geomorphology and Environmental Change in Karst and Arid Environments. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOM ENV CHNG ARID.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1113 or permission of department.
Weathering, erosional and depositional processes, and landforms in karst and arid areas. Formation of sinkholes, sinking streams, caves, springs, sand dunes, playas, and yardangs. Geoarchaeological and other evidence on the nature of past environments, including dating cave and aeolian sediments. Field trips included.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4040/6040. Global Environmental Change During the Quaternary. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GLOBAL ENVIR CHANGE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3010 or permission of department.
Chronology and geomorphic, isotopic, and palynological evidence of Quaternary paleoclimates. The effects of past climatic changes upon present landscapes, historic short-term fluctuations in temperature and precipitation, and possible explanations for climatic change are emphasized.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4050/6050. The Environment of Egypt. 6 hours.
Oasis Title: ENVIR OF EGYPT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1111 or GEOG 1113 or GEOG 1125 or GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1250-1250L or GEOL 2120 or permission of department.
Graduate prerequisite: GEOG 3010 or two of the following: GEOG 1111 or GEOG 1113 or GEOG 1125 or GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1250-1250L or GEOL 2120 or permission of department.
Introduction to the landforms, history, and environmental problems of Egypt focusing on the Nile Valley, the oases in the Western Desert, and the Sinai. This is a Maymester field course that will be taught in Egypt with the collaboration of Geography faculty at Ain Shams University, Cairo.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOG 4060/6060. Field and Laboratory Methods in Physical Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FLD LAB MTH PH GEOG.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3010 or GEOG 3110 or GEOG 3210 or permission of department.
Methods in measurement, observation, recording and synthesis of field data in physical geography. Students conduct field research and present oral and written reports (with maps) of findings.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(GEOG)ENGR 4111/6111-4111L/6111L. Atmospheric Thermodynamics. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ATMOS THERMO.
Undergraduate prerequisite: MATH 2500 and PHYS 1212-1212L.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 2700 and (CHEM 1211 or CHEM 1311H or CHEM 1411) and (CSCI 1301-1301L or ENGR 1140).
An introduction to atmospheric thermodynamics with emphasis on the first and second laws of thermodynamics, equation of state for gases, moisture variables, adiabatic and diabatic processes of dry and moist air, phase changes of water, and atmospheric statics.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOG(ENGR) 4112/6112. Atmospheric Dynamics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ATMOS DYNAMICS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (GEOG 1112 and GEOG 1112L and MATH 2200) or permission of department.
A quantitative investigation of large-scale atmospheric motion. Equations of motion are derived from basic physical laws. Concepts of vorticity, quasi-geostrophic theory, and general circulation are addressed.

GEOG 4120/6120. Synoptic Meteorology/Climatology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SYNOP METEOR & CLIM.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3120-3120L or permission of department.
Theory and observations to understand mid-latitude weather systems. Focus is on application of quasi-geostrophic theory in weather forecasting. Analysis and interpretation of weather maps and numerical models. Development and life cycle of cyclones, fronts, and jet streams.

GEOG 4140/6140. Satellite Meteorology/Climatology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SATEL METEOR & CLIM.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (GEOG 1111 and GEOG 1111L) or (GEOG 1112 and GEOG 1112L) or (GEOG 2110H and GEOG 2110L) or permission of department.
Application of satellite remote sensing in meteorology and climatology. Applications include clouds, atmospheric water vapor and precipitation, the Earth's radiation budget, sea and land surface temperatures.

GEOG 4150/6150. Physical Climatology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHYS CLIMATOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3110 or GEOG 3120-3120L or GEOG 4140/6140 or GEOG 4160/6160 or ENGR(GEOG) 4161/6161-4161L/6161L or GEOG(ENGR) 4112/6112 or permission of department.
Advanced, quantitative study of Earth's physical climate. Includes global energy balance, surface-atmosphere energy exchanges, surface hydrology and water budget at various temporal and spatial scales. Methods of measuring and modeling are discussed. Case studies are used to illustrate how the physical processes govern the climate system.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOG 4160/6160. Applied Climatology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3110 or permission of department.
The interaction of climate with organisms, communities, and ecosystems. Mechanisms of heat flow, radiation exchanges and water vapor flux; statistical methods used with climatic data; bioclimatic methods used to improve environmental impact assessment; and case studies that demonstrate the role of climate in ecosystem function.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(GEOG)ENGR 4161/6161-4161L/6161L. Environmental Microclimatology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ENV MICROCLIMATE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (MATH 2500 or MATH 2700) and (PHYS 1211-1211L or PHYS 1311-1311L) and [(BIOL 1103 and BIOL 1103L) or (BIOL 1104 and BIOL 1104L) or BIOL 1107-1107L or (PBIO 1210 and PBIO 1210L) or (PBIO 1220 and PBIO 1220L)].
An introduction to the interactions between the biosphere and atmosphere. Energy, moisture, and carbon exchange in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum with applications to managed and natural environments. The impact of weather and climate on humans and domesticated animals. Elementary turbulent exchange theory will be introduced.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

(GEOG)FORS(CRSS)(ECOL)(ENGR)(GEOL) 4170L/6170L. Hydrology, Geology, and Soils of Georgia. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HYDROLOGY FIELD LAB.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
This field course focuses on the physical environment of Georgia by examining the diverse geology, soils, and surface and subsurface hydrologic processes within the state. We will travel to all of Georgia's physiographic areas, visiting mines, farms, forests, wetlands, rivers, lakes, and estuaries to explore the influence of human activities on the physical environment.
Non-traditional format: This is a Maymester field course, with lectures and laboratories scheduled during the entire session. Students are expected to travel throughout the state. Class will begin Period 1 on Day 1, and will end on the last day of the session.
Offered summer semester every year.

(GEOG)ENGR 4180/6180. Special Topics in Atmospheric Sciences. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TOPICS ATMOS SCI.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Permission of department.
Special interest topics in atmospheric sciences.
Offered every year.

GEOG(PBIO) 4220/6220. Ecological Biogeography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ECOLOG BIOGEOG.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1111 or ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or permission of department.
Patterns of plant distribution in contemporary landscapes and underlying processes, including vegetation dynamics, disturbance ecology, biogeomorphology, dendrochronology, and environmental history.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG(PBIO) 4240/6240. Plant Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PLANT GEOGRAPHY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3210 or ECOL(BIOL) 3500-3500L or permission of department.
Biogeography and ecology of the world's main terrestrial biomes. Includes world bioclimatic zonation, plant-geographic processes, other physical environmental factors, plant functional roles and types, vegetation dynamics, response to disturbance, and potential natural vegetation. Emphasis on global scale, with secondary emphasis on North America.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(GEOG)(ECOL)FORS 4250/6250. International Forest Management. 1-6 hours. Repeatable for maximum 10 hours credit.
Oasis Title: INTERNL FOREST MGMT.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
Study-abroad to examine issues pertaining to the management of forested landscapes in the visited country. Introductory lectures on the natural and cultural history of the visited country will be followed by extended field examination of the country's forest resources and their management.
Non-traditional format: Combination of lectures and field experiences in a foreign country.
Offered summer semester every year.

(GEOG)FORS(AAEC)(ANTH)(ECOL)(INTL)(RLST) 4271/6271. Field Studies in Natural Resources. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 10 hours credit.
Oasis Title: NAT RES FIELD STUDY.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Field studies to explore the management and conservation of natural resources with a focus on issues related to forestry, wildlife, ecology, recreation and tourism, geology, and/or coastal/water resources. The impact of humans on these resources will also be emphasized.
Non-traditional format: The course will include an extended field experience and series of lectures combined with seminars, presentations, and/or student projects.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOG 4290/6290. Geography and Ethnoecology of Neotropical Mountains. 6 hours. 3 hours lecture and 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: GEOG ETHECO NEOTROP.
Not open to students with credit in CRSS(HORT)(ANTH)(ECOL)(GEOG) 4930/6930.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Mountain ecological principles are applied in geographical settings of Latin America and the Caribbean. Geographical narratives of culture and nature emphasize human-environment interactions on tropical mountains, cultural landscapes, ethnic traditional knowledge, post-colonial political effects on natural resources, Third-world development, rural/urban dynamics, poverty alleviation, nature conservation, and sustainable development.
Offered every even-numbered year.

GEOG 4300/6300. Introductory Spatial Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO SPATIAL ANALY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 2300 or permission of department.
Descriptive and inferential techniques used in quantitative geographic analysis. Probability distributions, sampling techniques, parametric and nonparametric inference, analysis of variance, spatial autocorrelation measures and regression procedures. Applications of statistical methods to spatial analysis and geographic research design. Exercises develop knowledge of statistical programming with computer software.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4305/6305. Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: QUALITATIVE METHODS.
An introduction to qualitative research problems in geography and to the major modes of qualitative data collection, analysis, and representation. Students will gain practical experience with interviews, focus groups, archival research, and observation techniques.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOG 4310/6310-4310L/6310L. Cartographic Design and Reproduction. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CART DESIGN & REPRO.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3510-3510L or permission of department.
Design, examination of cartographic literature, map production methods, and their effects on design. Practical applications of desktop publishing, page layout with specific emphasis on state atlas design, map-narrative interactions, four color map reproduction, and photo-cartographic techniques.
Offered every even-numbered year.

GEOG 4330/6330-4330L/6330L. The Use and Interpretation of Aerial Photographs. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: USE AERIAL PHOTO.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Permission of department.
Principles and techniques of extracting descriptive and metric information about the environment from aerial photographs acquired in analog and digital forms. Applications emphasize planimetric mapping and interpretation of physical and cultural landscapes. A term project using the techniques is required.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4350/6350-4350L/6350L. Remote Sensing of Environment. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: REMOTE SENSING.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 4330/6330-4330L/6330L or permission of department.
Remote sensing with emphasis on aerospace applications in the natural sciences. Fundamental properties of the electromagnetic spectrum and remote sensing devices such as multispectral cameras, thermal infrared line scanners, and television and radar imaging systems.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L. Geographic Information Science. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: GIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CSCI 1301-1301L or sophomore standing or permission of department.
Principles and applications of geographic information systems (GIS). Examines the nature and accuracy of spatially referenced data, as well as methods of data capture, storage, retrieval, visualization, modeling, and output using one or more GIS software packages.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG(CRSS) 4375/6375. GIS Applications in Agriculture. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: GIS APP IN AGRIC.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CRSS 3050-3050L or CRSS(FORS) 3060-3060L or ENGR 1120 or GEOG 4330/6330-4330L/6330L or GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L.
An exploration of the uses of Geographic Information Science (GIS) technology in agricultural applications. Basics of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for location reference, GIS for field investigation, and remote sensing for crop and soil evaluation will be explored. Construction of GIS databases for precision farming and watershed management applications will be required.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 4380/6380-4380L/6380L. Transportation Modeling and GIS. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: TRANSPORT GIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L.
Theoretical frameworks for transportation network modeling and transportation planning strategies are explored. Conceptual issues linking geographic information systems and computer-based technologies with transportation modeling and planning problems are discussed. Recent developments in GIS-based transportation network modeling and problem solving are emphasized, including hand-on practices with a specialized GIS-transportation package.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 4410/6410-4410L/6410L. Cartographic Visualization Methods. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CARTOG VIS METH.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3510-3510L or permission of department.
Theory and application of computer technology in the preparation of thematic maps and graphics. Emphasis on the creation, analysis, and display of statistical surfaces. Students explore trends in cartographic visualization methods, including interactive and animated mapping techniques.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4430/6430-4430L/6430L. Advanced Image Analysis and Photogrammetry. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ADV IMAGE ANALYSIS.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4330/6330-4330L/6330L or GEOG 4350/6350-4350L/6350L or permission of department.
Theories of analytical and digital (soft copy) photogrammetry as applied to topographic mapping. Topics include refinement of photographic measurements, coordinate transformations, stereoscopic parallax, collinearity equations, aerial triangulation, orthophotography, and digital image correlation.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4470/6470-4470L/6470L. Geospatial Analysis. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS.
Prerequisite: [(GEOG 2300 or STAT 2000) and GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L] or permission of department.
Geographic analytical methods and implementation. Theory and concepts of spatial analysis. Description, reduction, and comparison of point, line, area, and volumetric geographic data sets. Implementation and limitation of geographic information systems.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4610/6610. Location Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LOCATION ANALYSIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3620 or permission of department.
The geography of retail activity and consumer demand. Principles of locational decision-making for retail and service firms.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4620/6620. Advanced Economic Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV ECON GEOGR.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3620 or permission of department.
Advanced theoretical and empirical issues in economic geography, such as impacts of globalization, regional development, trade patterns, and labor issues. Topics will vary.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4630/6630. Advanced Urban Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV URBAN GEOGR.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3630 or permission of department.
Urban growth and approaches to urban analysis. Urbanization processes within urban systems, including economic, demographic, social, and technological change.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4640/6640. Population Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: POPULATION GEOG.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
The distribution of world population and an introduction to population data and to basic demographic techniques. Topics include theories of population change, fertility, mortality, migration, population policy, and population-environment relationships.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4650/6650. Industrial Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INDUSTRIAL GEOG.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 3620 or permission of department.
The regional basis of economic growth and industry case studies. The impact of product and process innovation, entrepreneurship, globalization, and the service economy on the spatial distribution of industry.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4660/6660. Urban and Regional Development. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: URBAN & REGNL DEVEL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
Regional development and the implications of globalization to regional economies of the industrialized countries. Discussions on the changing dynamics of international competition and the reorganization of production. Contemporary trends in regional economic development policy, including high technology and service-sector development.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4670/6670. Geography of Development. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOG DEVELOPMENT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
Geographical aspects of Third World development, including population growth, migration, industrialization, trade, and foreign aid. The spatial characteristics of economic development are viewed at the conceptual level and implications for policy discussed.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4680/6680. Gender and Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GENDER GEOGRAPHY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or WMST 1110 or permission of department.
Relationships between gender and globalization. Women and development, industrialization, and third world regions.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOG 4710/6710. Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
Geographic and socio-economic issues that face sub-Saharan economies into the twenty-first century. Emphasis on the physical landscape, environmental conditions, social and cultural distributions, and strategies and theories of economic development.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4720/6720. Geography of Latin America. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOG LATIN AMERICA.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
The geography of Latin America, including physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of different regions. Prospects for expansion of settlement, development of resources, and growth of industries.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4730/6730. Geography of China. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOG OF CHINA.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
The physical and human geography of contemporary China. Emphasis is on modernization and development of agriculture, industry, and transportation within the context of China's resource base and large population.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4740/6740. Geography of East and Southeast Asia. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOG EAST & SE ASIA.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
The physical and human geography of East and Southeast Asia. Major focus on resources, land utilization, population characteristics and distributions as they relate to economic and political problems. Emphasis is on Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Philippines, and Indo-China.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4750/6750. Geography of Europe. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOGRAPHY OF EUROPE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1101 or permission of department.
Geographic issues that affect Europe into the twenty-first century. Emphasis on current economic, social, and political controversies in Europe, as well as the historical context for these.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOG 4810/6810. Conservation Ecology and Resource Management. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONS ECOL & RES MAN.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOG 1125 or GEOG 2250H-2250D or permission of department.
Ecological and economic analysis of human use of global and regional resources, emphasizing ecological requirements, sustainable use, and holistic decision-making. Topics include ecosystem dynamics, functional biodiversity, landscape management, socioeconomic traps, global change, and ecological restoration.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 4920/6920. Special Problems in Area Analysis. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SPECIAL PROBLEMS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Permission of department.
Independent research and readings on geographical topics by arrangement with specific faculty.
Non-traditional format: Class hours are by arrangement with the relevant faculty and vary depending on credit hours.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 4921/6921. Directed Topics in Independent Research. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIR TOPICS IND RSCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
This course will allow students to engage in independent directed research.
Non-traditional format: Class hours are by arrangement with the relevant faculty and vary depending on credit hours.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

(GEOG)(ANTH)CRSS(ECOL)(HORT) 4930/6930. Agroecology of Tropical America. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AGROECOLOGY TROP AM.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Permission of department.
Crops and cropping systems in tropical America; influences of geography, climate, and socioeconomic factors, as well as the impact of agriculture, on the ecosystems of the region.
Offered spring semester every year.

(GEOG)(ANTH)CRSS(ECOL)(HORT) 4931/6931. Agroecology of Tropical America Field Trip. 3-6 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: AGECOL TRP FIELD TR.
Not open to students with credit in CRSS(HORT)(ANTH) 4940/6940.
Prerequisite: CRSS(HORT)(ANTH)(ECOL)(GEOG) 4930/6930 or permission of department.
Intensive field study in a tropical Latin American country; crops and cropping systems of tropical America; influences of geography, climate, and socioeconomic factors, as well as the impact of agriculture on the ecosystems of the region. Conducted in a tropical Latin American country.
Non-traditional format: Students will tour a tropical country and receive on-site instruction at a series of different farms and ecological preserves over a period of 18 days.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOG 4970H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECT PROJ H.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director for senior Honors students.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered every year.

GEOG 4980H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECT PROJ H.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director for senior Honors students.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered every year.

GEOG 4990H. Honors Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HONORS THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual research in the major or related field for a senior Honors student.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered every year.

GEOG 6910. Geographic Research Methods. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOG RES METHODS.
A common framework will be established by which graduate students in geography can design, implement, and conduct research. This will be achieved by: examining the processes involved in designing a research project; understanding the different methodological approaches to research; developing statements of purpose; and, developing a research proposal.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 6990. Internship in Geographic Information Science. 2 hours.
Oasis Title: INTERNSHIP IN GIS.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L.
Placement of students in an outside private or governmental agency where they use geographic information science to solve practical problems relevant to the agency's mission. Internship assignments will be developed in consultation with a faculty supervisor or the Graduate Coordinator for Geographic Information Science.
Non-traditional format: Internship.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 7000. Master's Research. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTERS RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a master's degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 7005. Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: GRAD STUDENT SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 7300. Master's Thesis. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Thesis writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and thesis preparation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 8020. Seminar in Geomorphology. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM GEOMORPHOLOGY.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4020/6020 or GEOG 4030/6030 or permission of department.
Advanced problems in geomorphology and physiography. Topics may vary.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8040. Seminar in Quaternary Paleoenvironments. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SEM PALEOENVIRONMTS.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4040/6040 or permission of department.
Methods used in reconstructing the hydrological and vegetation characteristics of former environments. Emphasis is on the analysis of cave, fluvial, and marine sediments. The changing Quaternary environments of North America, Europe, and Africa are discussed in detail. Specific topics may vary.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOG 8120. Seminar in Climatology. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM CLIMATOLOGY.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4120/6120 or GEOG 4140/6140 or GEOG 4160/6160 or permission of department.
Advanced topics in physical climatology such as climate change, microclimatology, urban climatology or synoptic climatology. Specific topics may vary.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 8220. Seminar in Biogeography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM BIOGEOGRAPHY.
Prerequisite: GEOG(PBIO) 4220/6220 or GEOG(PBIO) 4240/6240 or permission of department.
Advanced topics and research trends in biogeography. Specific topics may vary.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8240. Seminar in Geoecology. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR GEOECOLOGY.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Geographical ecology, with specific topics ranging from landscape to global scale (e.g., landscape ecology, regional ecology, conservation problems, biosphere-atmosphere interactions, global ecology and global change).
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOG 8260. Seminar in Environmental Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM ENVIRON GEOG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Advanced topics and research trends in environmental geography. Specific topics may vary.

GEOG 8290. Directed Problems in Physical Geography. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIR PROB PHYS GEOGR.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Advanced problems in physical geography. Topics vary.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 8300. Multivariate Techniques in Geography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MULTIVAR TECH GGY.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4300/6300 or permission of department.
Application of multivariate statistical procedures to research problems in geography, with emphasis on peculiarities of such applications. Spatial autocorrelation, areal aggregation, modifiable areal unit problem, spatial interpolation, and trend surfaces are investigated with statistical and GIS software packages.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8305. Seminar in Qualitative Research Methods. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SEM QUALI METHODS.
Readings address the purpose, scope, and procedures of qualitative research in human geography. Principle themes: a) situating qualitative research, b) epistemological stances, c) strategies of inquiry/methodologies, d) research methods, and e) representing qualitative research. Students will engage in theoretical debates about rigor, representation, and implications of qualitative research.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8350. Advanced Remote Sensing and Geospatial Techniques. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV REMOTE SENSING.
Prerequisite: (GEOG 4350/6350-4350L/6350L and GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L ) or permission of department.
Mapping datums, coordinate systems, and accuracy requirements for geographic information systems (GIS). Global positioning system (GPS), softcopy photogrammetry, and digital image processing techniques for GIS database construction. GIS modeling for environmental studies. Includes the use of various software packages.
Offered spring semester every year.

(GEOG)INTL 8355. Labor, Class, and Politics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LABR CLASS POLITICS.
Prerequisite: INTL 6300 or GEOG 4620/6620 or GEOG 4650/6650 or permission of department.
Comparative and historical analysis of labor movements, social class, and politics in developed and developing countries. Emphasis on labor and globalization, changing structure of work, and democratic politics.

GEOG 8390. Directed Problems in Quantitative Geographic Methods. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIR PROB QUANT GEOG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Topics in statistical analysis of geographic data and geographic modeling.
Non-traditional format: Class hours are by arrangement with the relevant faculty and vary depending on credit hours.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOG 8450. Geospatial Techniques in Landscape Analysis. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: GEOSPAT LAND ANLYS.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4370/6370 or permission of department.
Topics on geospatial analysis tools to display, analyze, model and visualize landscape characteristics. Aspects of geographic information systems, remote sensing, spatial analysis, geovisualization, landscape metrics, and landscape ecology will be included.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 8510. Seminar in Cartography and Visualization. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SEM CARTOG VISUALIZ.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4310/6310-4310L/6310L or GEOG 4410/6410-4410L/6410L or permission of department.
Special problems in the application of cartography. Emphasis on problems involving map design and production, computer graphics, map perception, cartographic visualization, and map animation.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8530. Advanced Topics in the Use and Interpretation of Aerial Photographs. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP AIR PHOTO.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4330/6330-4330L/6330L or permission of department.
The extraction of quantitative and qualitative information from aerial photographs, with emphasis on appropriateness of various approaches and on means of improving interpretation accuracy. Includes applications involving physical, human, and regional geography.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8550. Problems in Remote Sensing of Environment II. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PROB IN REM SEN II.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4350/6350-4350L/6350L or permission of department.
Advanced problems in photointerpretation, photogrammetry, and remote sensing. Topics may vary. Emphasis on research and applications.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 8570. Seminar in Geographic Information Science. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR IN GIS.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4370/6370-4370L/6370L and permission of department.
Problems in geographic information systems, including methods and techniques and the application to specific topical areas.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8590. Directed Problems in Geographic Techniques. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIR PROB GEOG TECHN.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Topics in mapping sciences, such as cartography, air-photo interpretation, remote sensing, photogrammetry, and geographic information systems.
Non-traditional format: Class hours are by arrangement with relevant faculty and vary depending on credit hours.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 8620. Seminar in Economic Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM ECONOMIC GGY.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4620/6620 or permission of department.
Empirical and theoretical issues in contemporary economic geography. Specific topics vary.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 8630. Seminar in Urban Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM URBAN GEOGRAPHY.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4630/6630 or permission of department.
Topics and research problems in urban geography. Topics may vary.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 8640. Seminar in Population Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM POPULATION GEOG.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4640/6640 or permission of department.
Theoretical and empirical issues in population geography. Topics vary, and include geographic aspects of immigration, internal migration, fertility, mortality, and age structure.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8660. Seminar in Regional Development. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM REGIONAL DEVEL.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4660/6660 or permission of department.
Topics on regional development and effects of globalization on regional economies of industrialized countries. Specific topics may vary.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8670. Seminar in the Geography of Development. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM GEOG DEV.
Prerequisite: GEOG 4670/6670 or permission of department.
Research topics related to the geographical aspects of Third World development. Topics may vary.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8690. Directed Problems in Human Geography. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIR PROB HUMAN GEOG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Problems in advanced topics in human geography. Topics may vary.
Non-traditional format: Classroom hours are by arrangement with the relevant faculty member and vary depending on credit hours.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 8710. Seminar in Regional Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM REGIONAL GEOG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research topics on the geography of a selected region; data sources and methodologies for research. Regions may vary.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 8810. Seminar in Human-Environment Relationships. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM HUMAN ENV REL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Problems, methods, and techniques in human-environment relationships and economic development, including decision-making strategies in resource exploitation.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 8900. Proseminar in Geography. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: PROSEMINAR IN GEOGR.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Introduction to the graduate program and the departmental faculty, including major foci of research activities and directions within the department.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 8910. Seminar in Geographic Thought and Methods. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SEM GEOG THT & MTHD.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Development of geographical philosophy and methods; contemporary methodological concepts and problems. Required for all graduate majors.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOG 8920. Seminar in Social Theory in Geography. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SOC THEORY IN GEOG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Contemporary debates concerning space and society. Epistemological and ontological debates within geography relating to the spatial constitution of society and the social production of geographical knowledge.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOG 9000. Doctoral Research. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 36 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCTORAL RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a doctoral degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 9005. Doctoral Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOC GRAD STU SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOG 9300. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCT DISSERTATION.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Dissertation writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and preparation of the doctoral dissertation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.