GEOL 1120. Environmental Geoscience. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENVIRON GEOSCIENCE.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1121.
Exploration of various effects on Earth's long-term physical-chemical systems caused by human consumption and pollution of its vital resources and emphasize environmental and geological issues critical to earth’s sustainability.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOL 1121H. Earth Processes and Environments (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EARTH PROC & ENVIR.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1250-1250L or GEOL 2350H.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Earth processes and utilization of geological materials (plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanism, hydrology, erosion). Earth hazards, pollution, and energy resources in the context of environmental geology.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 1121. Earth Processes and Environments. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EARTH PROC & ENVIR.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1121H or GEOL 1250-1250L or GEOL 2350H.
Earth processes and utilization of geological materials (plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanism, hydrology, erosion). Earth hazards, pollution, and energy resources in the context of environmental geology.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 1121L. Earth Processes and Environments Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: EARTH PROC&ENV LAB.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1250-1250L or GEOL 2350H.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1121H.
Description and identification of minerals and rocks. Interpretation of topographic and geological maps. Identification and interpretation of surficial and structural geologic features. Quantitative evaluation of hydrologic and environmental problems.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent Study (USGIS).

GEOL 1122. Earth's History of Global Change. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HIST GLOBAL CHANGE.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1122H or GEOL 1260-1260L or GEOL 2360H.
Geologic record of global change, including measurement of geologic time, global geochemical cycles, sea-level and climate change, biodiversity, evolution, ecological changes and extinctions.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered every year.

GEOL 1122L. Earth's History of Global Change Laboratory. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HIS GLOB CHANGE LAB.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1260-1260L or GEOL 2360H.
Corequisite: GEOL 1122 or GEOL 1122H.
Description, identification, and interpretation of sedimentary structures and the fossil remains of organisms. The physical evidence of evolution and climatic change throughout geologic time. Interpretation of geologic features and processes.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 1122H. Earth's History of Global Change (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HIST GLOBAL CHANGE.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1122 or GEOL 2360H or GEOL 1260-1260L.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Geologic record of global change, including geologic time, global geochemical cycles, sea-level and climate change, biodiversity, evolution, ecological changes and extinction.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 1250-1250L. Physical Geology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PHYSICAL GEOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1121 or GEOL 2350H.
Physical geology; characteristics and origins of rocks and minerals; mechanism and processes of volcanism, plutonism, metamorphism, weathering, erosion, sedimentation, and lithification; evolution of landforms. Tectonic processes of continental drift, sea-floor spreading, and plate tectonics. Emphasis on scientific methods.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOL 1260-1260L. Historical Geology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HISTORICAL GEOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1122 or GEOL 1122H or GEOL 2360H.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1121H or GEOL 1250-1250L.
Methods and concepts by which Earth history is interpreted. The geologic time scale; interactions of physical, chemical, and biological processes through time. Origin of life; evolution and distribution of plants and animals through time. Geologic history of North America. Emphasis on interpretation of the rock record.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(GEOL)(BIOL)(CHEM)HONS(PHYS) 2070H. Honors Science. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HONORS SCIENCE.
Not open to students with credit in PHYS 1010 or CHEM 1110.
Prerequisite: (ENGL 1101 or MATH 1101) and permission of Honors.
Concepts of physics, chemistry, geology, and biology in an integrated fashion. The evolution of the universe from the primordial state to the present time, and considers human interaction with the environment.
Non-traditional format: Occasional weekend field trips required.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

(GEOL)(BIOL)(CHEM)HONS(PHYS) 2080H. Honors Science. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HONORS SCIENCE.
Not open to students with credit in BTNY 1220-1220L or GEOL 1121 or PBIO 1220-1220L.
Prerequisite: HONS(BIOL)(CHEM)(GEOL)(PHYS) 2070H and permission of Honors.
Concepts of physics, chemistry, geology, and biology in an integrated fashion. The evolution of the universe from the primordial state to the present time, and considers human interaction with the environment.
Non-traditional format: Weekend field trips required.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOL 2120. Introduction to Environmental Geology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 1 hour lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO ENVIR GEOL.
Prerequisite: (GEOL 1121 and GEOL 1121L) or GEOL 1250-1250L.
Environmental geology focusing on understanding global and current environmental problems and their relationships with geological processes. Emphasis on case histories of geologic hazards and environmental impact of resources extraction and use. Requirements for a sustainable society analyzed.
Non-traditional format: During discussion period students will discuss readings, discuss environmental situations and their solution, and give presentations on subjects they have researched. Emphasis is on research, analysis, and problem solving.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 2350H. Physical Geology (Honors). 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PHYSICAL GEOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1121H or GEOL 1250-1250L.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Characteristics and origins of minerals and rocks. Plate tectonics and structure of the Earth's interior. Geologic processes that affect the Earth's surface: volcanism, earthquakes, coastal erosion, and global climate changes. Natural Earth resources and human interaction.
Non-traditional format: During Summer semester this course will be taught in the field as part of the Geology, Anthropology Summer Field Program. Extensive field observations and projects will be included in addition to organized lecture and laboratory work.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOL 2360H. Historical Geology (Honors). 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HISTORICAL GEOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in GEOL 1260-1260L.
Prerequisite: GEOL 2350H and Permission of Honors.
Measurement of geologic time. Physical and biological history of Earth as recorded in rocks and fossils. Development of the major features of the Earth, with particular emphasis on North America.
Non-traditional format: Course taught during summer session in the field. Traditional methods are combined with field exercises and problems, interpretive exercises, and extensive field discussions.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOL 3010-3010L. Earth Materials. 4 hours. 2 hours lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: EARTH MATERIALS.
Prerequisite: CHEM 1211 and CHEM 1211L.
Physical and chemical properties, identification, and modes of occurrence of minerals and mineral assemblages. Mineral crystallography, determinations of optical properties with the petrographic microscope, x-ray diffraction and structural formula determinations. Introduction to mineral thermodynamic phase relations.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 3020-3020L. Surficial and Near-Surficial Processes. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SURF&NEAR-SURF PROC.
Prerequisite: [(GEOL 1121 and GEOL 1121L) or GEOL 1250-1250L] and [(GEOL 1122 and GEOL 1122L) or GEOL 1260-1260L].
Surface processes; geohydrological, geochemical cycles; and surface geological structures of the Earth.
Non-traditional format: Field Trips Required

GEOL 3030. Elementary Oceanography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ELEM OCEANOGRAPHY.
Basic aspects of oceanography: ocean basins and plate tectonics, shallow and deep ocean circulation, waves and tides, marine biology and ecology, marine sediments, chemistry of seawater, paleoceanography, and environmental oceanography.
Offered spring semester every year.

(GEOL)HONS 3070H. Honors Research Methods. 1-3 hours.
Oasis Title: HONORS RES METHODS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Research methods in the natural sciences to enhance directed study participation and Honors thesis/project preparation.
Non-traditional format: Weekly seminars focus on individual student research designs. May be held as daily seminars during the May session.
Offered every year.

GEOL 3080. Volcanoes of the Puna Plateau. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: VOLCANOES PUNA.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1250-1250L or GEOL 1122 or GEOL 1260-1260L or GEOL 3200 or GEOL 3100.
Geological evolution of the Puna high plateau. Recent tectonic uplift of the Puna and subduction-related volcanism. Geology, geomorphology, biology, and culture of one of the most unique, forbidding, and remote regions of our planet.
Non-traditional format: Course will be field-based only, and will be offered as an optional extension of the Geology Study Abroad Program in Argentina.
Offered summer semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 3090. Gems and Gem Materials. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEMS/GEM MATERIALS.
Gem materials, historical, cultural, mineralogical, technological, and scientific aspects. The identification and evaluation of gems.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 3100. Geology of Argentina. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOL OF ARGENTINA.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1250-1250L or GEOL 1122 or GEOL 1260-1260L.
Geological evolution of the Argentinean territory since the Proterozoic. Magmatic and stratigraphic histories discussed within the framework of plate tectonics. The origin of the Andes: one of the largest and youngest mountain belts on Earth. Paleontological record of early evolution of dinosaurs and unique ancient floras of the southern continents.
Non-traditional format: Course may be taught during Summer Session, in the field, as part of the Geology in Argentina Study Abroad Program.
Offered summer semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 3120-3120L. Geological Hazards. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: GEOLOGIC HAZARDS.
Consequences of potentially hazardous geologic processes, including volcanic activity, earthquakes, landslides, flooding, shoreline erosion, and ground failure. Emphasis on developing understanding of the underlying geologic processes that result in hazards and delineating risk potential. Evaluation of methods of prediction and methods of damage control through laboratory analysis of case studies.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 3130. Geology of the National Parks. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOL NAT PARKS.
Geological features of selected national parks used as type examples for understanding rock forming processes (igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic) and orogenic processes. Exploitation of mineral resources in and around national parks and conflicts that ensue.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 3140-3140L. Geology and Exploration of the Moon. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: GEOL & EXPLOR MOON.
The geological evolution of the Moon and implications for early Earth history. Emphasis on processes which have shaped the Moon and geological techniques used in lunar investigation. Terrestrial analogs are examined and compared with lunar features. Lunar exploration is reviewed and results are examined; their implications for lunar evolution evaluated.
Offered every even-numbered year.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 3150. Coastal Processes and Conservation. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: COASTAL PROC & CONS.
The major physical and biological processes which characterize marine coastal habitats. Emphasis is on developing an understanding of the complex interdependency within various environments, and evaluating the responses to natural and human-induced disturbances. Discussion of stabilization vs. conservation issues and environmental effects of private and governmental attempts at risk mitigation.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 3200. Rocks and Minerals. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ROCKS & MINERALS.
Prerequisite or corequisite: (GEOL 1121 and GEOL 1121L) or GEOL 1250-1250L or GEOL 1122 and GEOL 1122L.
Basic properties, origins, and methods of describing and classifying the common minerals and rocks. Emphasis on identifying and describing samples on the hand specimen and outcrop scale.
Non-traditional format: Field trips required. Many of the lectures will be delivered on site during field trips. May be taught during study abroad programs.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOL 3220. Water Resources Issues. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WATER RES ISSUES.
An examination of water quality, quantity, management, and planning issues; how scientific principles and practices can be employed to understand their causes, effects, and solutions.
Non-traditional format: A critical part of the learning process is from field trips and therefore they will be required. These field trips will be undertaken during the normal class period. An optional one-day field trip will be offered on one weekend, outside of the normal class period. Extra credit (10% of grade) will be awarded for participation in this trip.
Offered spring and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 3250. Earth Resources and the Environment. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EARTH RESOUR & ENV.
Distribution of mineral and energy resources; present and future problems of mineral supply; conservation of minerals; mineral resources in relation to national and international policy; environmental impact of mineral/energy resource extraction and use.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 3300. Paleobiotas. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PALEOBIOTAS.
The earth's major biotas throughout geologic history. Emphasis on paleoecology, paleoenvironmental change, and mass extinction events.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 3350. Dinosaurs - Lifestyles of the Big and Famous in the Mesozoic. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DINOSAURS.
Dinosaur dinners, dates, dallying, and domiciles (or dinosaur habitats and eating, reproductive, and social behavior). Warm-bloodedness versus cold-bloodedness. Relationship to birds, reptiles, and mammals. Evolutionary patterns. Extinction and asteroids. Climate, sea level, and continents during the Mesozoic Era.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 3400. Geological Evolution of North America. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOL EVOL NA.
An investigation of the geologic processes that have shaped the North American continent over the last 4.57 billion years, with particular focus on the origin of the Appalachian (east coast) and Cordilleran (west coast) mountain systems.
Non-traditional format: At least one weekend field trip.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 4010-4010L. Life and Ecologies of the Past. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: LIFE & ECOL PAST.
Prerequisite: (GEOL 1122 and GEOL 1122L) or GEOL 1260-1260L or GEOL 1122H.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Principles of paleobiology, including biostratigraphy, paleoecology, taphonomy, and macroevolutionary dynamics.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 4020-4020L. Internal Earth Processes. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTERNAL PROCESSES.
Prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Internal processes which are responsible for the formation and physico-chemical evolution of the earth. Study of the basic tools of igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, thermodynamics and heat-transfer mechanisms and their application in field and laboratory investigations.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 4050/6050. Facies Models and Stratigraphy. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: FACIES AND STRATA.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 4010-4010L.
Sedimentary processes in major siliciclastic and carbonate depositional environments. Factors affecting deposition and erosion of sediments on time scales of hundreds of years to hundreds of thousands of years.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 4060/6060. Structural Geology. 4 hours. 3 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Stress and strain within the earth, and the mechanical properties and behavior of earth materials. Geologic structures, their recognition and interpretation in the field, and solution of structural problems. Framework of the earth's crust; evolution of mountain belts, continents, and basins. Relation between structures, deformation, and plate tectonics.
Offered spring semester every year.

(GEOL)HONS 4070H. Special Problems Seminar in the Natural Sciences. 3 hours. 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SEM IN NATURAL SCI.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Selected problems in the natural sciences which have special or current relevance to members of the University community. Topics will vary to meet interest and demand.
Non-traditional format: Discussions include student presentations of material researched for the course. May be held daily during May session, or as part of a Study Abroad program.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(GEOL)HONS 4080H. Special Problems Seminar in Natural Sciences. 3 hours. 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SEM IN NATURAL SCI.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Selected problems in the natural sciences which have special or current relevance to members of the University community. Topics will vary to meet interest and demand.
Non-traditional format: Discussions include student presentations of material researched for the course. May be held daily during May session, or as part of a Study Abroad program.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4090/6090. Marine Geology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MARINE GEOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: [GEOL 1250-1250L or (GEOL 1121 and GEOL 1121L)] and [GEOL 1260-1260L or (GEOL 1122 and GEOL 1122L)].
The geologic aspects of ocean basins, including morphology, sedimentation processes, and mode of origin.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 4110/6110. Principles of Geochemistry. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PRIN OF GEOCHEM.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (CHEM 1212 and CHEM 1212L and GEOL 3010-3010L) or permission of department.
Distribution of elements and isotopes in minerals, rocks, and waters. Principles governing the migration and behavior of elements and isotopes.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 4130/6130. Aqueous Environmental Geochemistry. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AQUEOUS ENV GEOCHEM.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 3150 or GEOL 3020-3020L or GEOL 4110/6110 or CHEM 2100 or permission of department.
Graduate prerequisite: GEOL 4110/6110 or CRSS 4670/6670 or GEOL 4550/6550 or permission of department.
Chemical behavior of natural aquatic systems: chemical kinetic and equilibrium relationships controlling the quality of surface and subsurface waters, both pristine and polluted. Distribution and behavior of chemical species in aqueous environments.
Offered fall semester every year.

FORS(CRSS)(ECOL)(ENGR)(GEOG)(GEOL) 4170L/6170L. Hydrology, Geology, and Soils of Georgia. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HYDROLOGY FIELD LAB.
Prerequisite: Permission of school.
This field course focuses on the physical environment of Georgia by examining the diverse geology, soils, and surface and subsurface hydrologic processes within the state. We will travel to all of Georgia's physiographic areas, visiting mines, farms, forests, wetlands, rivers, lakes, and estuaries to explore the influence of human activities on the physical environment.
Non-traditional format: This is a Maymester field course, with lectures and laboratories scheduled during the entire session. Students are expected to travel throughout the state. Class will begin Period 1 on Day 1, and will end on the last day of the session.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOL 4220/6220. Hydrogeology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HYDROGEOLOGY.
Groundwater in the hydrologic cycle. Examination of flow through porous media, regional flow, influence of wells, water chemistry, and contaminant transport. Emphasis on practical environmental problems.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 4250/6250. Field Methods in Geology. 2 hours. 1 hour lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: FIELD METHODS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 3020-3020L.
Field measurement of geologic parameters, accurate recording of observations, production and interpretation of geologic maps and cross sections, and the recognition of structures and lithologies in the field.
Non-traditional format: Two day weekend field trips are required.
Offered spring semester every year.

(GEOL)ANTH(BIOL)(ECOL)(EETH)(ENTO)(FANR)(PATH)(PBIO) 4261. Museum of Natural History Internship. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit. 7 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MUS NAT HIST INTERN.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor and permission of Museum of Natural History.
Supervised work experience with a natural history collection. Students will learn techniques and other procedures for curating materials in a collection of their choice under the direction of collection personnel.
Non-traditional format: Students will maintain regular, weekly work schedules totaling 7 hours per week under the supervision of faculty and other collection personnel associated with the Museum of Natural History.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 4270/6270. Geology Field School. 6 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOL FIELD SCHOOL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 3020-3020L or GEOL 4010-4010L or GEOL 4020-4020L or GEOL 4250/6250.
Theory and practice of field measurement, large scale planimetric and topographic mapping, and grid surveying. Graphic presentation of field data. Geologic mapping projects, including interpretation of observed geologic features. Summary maps and reports must be prepared and defended in the field. Student must demonstrate mastery of the knowledge and skills taught in the required on-campus major courses.
Non-traditional format: Taught in the field during the summer term. Instructional methods include lectures, demonstrations, field trips, as well as supervised field study.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOL 4300/6300. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: IGN & MET PETROLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 4020-4020L.
Textures, mineralogy, and classification of the common igneous and metamorphic rocks. Origin of magmas and volcanoes and their impact on civilizations; evolutions of continental and oceanic crusts; metamorphic rocks as probes of crustal processes.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 4310/6310. Economic Geology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ECONOMIC GEOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 4020-4020L.
Classification and origin of base and precious metal ore deposits; relationships between ore deposits, host rocks, and plate tectonics; principles of ore deposit exploration and evaluation.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 4330/6330. Geology of North America. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOL OF NORTH AMER.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 1260-1260L.
Evolution of North American continent through time. Stratigraphic, sedimentary, and magmatic history and tectonic development of various regions since the early Precambrian. Paleontological record of environmental and biological changes. Origin of energy, mineral, soil, and water resources. History of human habitation and resource utilization. Current environmental hazards and challenges.
Non-traditional format: May be taught during summer session in the field as part of the Geology/Anthropology Summer Field Program.
Offered summer semester every year.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL(ANTH) 4340/6340. Archaeometry. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ARCHAEOMETRY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL(ANTH) 4700/6700.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 1121 or GEOL 1121H or GEOL 1122 or GEOL 2350H or ANTH 3220 or ANTH 3250 or ANTH(ECOL) 4210/6210 or CLAS(ANTH) 2000.
Methods of archaeometric analysis including chronometric and instrumental techniques. Absolute age dating and characterization of archaeological materials by physico-chemical analysis.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 4350/6350. Geology of the Planets and Moons. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOL PLANETS&MOONS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 3020-3020L and GEOL 4020-4020L.
Geology of the planets, moons, and asteroids, including internal, surficial, and atmospheric processes. Studies in comparative planetology aimed at showing how unique the current life-supporting environment of the Earth is, and why other planets have undergone such dramatically different evolutions.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 4370/6370. Data Analysis in the Geosciences. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DATA ANALYSIS.
The principles of data analysis, including data collection methods, graphical presentation, and basic statistics.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 4410/6410. Introduction to Research in Archeogeology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES ARCHEOGEOLOGY.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques applicable to archeogeology.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study, but traditional lecture and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4420/6420. Introduction to Research in Geochemistry. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES GEOCHEMISTRY.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques applicable to geochemistry.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study, although traditional lecture and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4430/6430. Introduction to Research in Geophysics. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES GEOPHYSICS.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques applicable to geophysics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lecture and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4440/6440. Introduction to Research in Hydrogeology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES HYDROGEOLOGY.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques applicable to hydrogeology.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lecture and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4450/6450. Introduction to Research in Mineralogy. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES MINERALOGY.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques applicable to mineralogy.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study, but traditional lecture and lab exercises may be employed when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4460/6460. Introduction to Research in Paleontology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES PALEONTOLOGY.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques applicable to paleontology.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lecture and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4470/6470. Introduction to Research in Petrology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES PETROLOGY.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques applicable to petrology.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study, but traditional lecture and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4480/6480. Introduction to Research in Sedimentary Geology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES SEDIMENT GEOL.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques appropriate to sedimentation and stratigraphy.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lecture and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4490/6490. Introduction to Research in Structure/Tectonics. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: RES STRUC/TECTONICS.
The literature, research procedures, and instrumental techniques applicable to structural geology and/or tectonics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lecture and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4500/6500. Sedimentary Geology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Interpretation and origin of sediments and sedimentary rocks, with an emphasis on grain production, sediment transport, diagenesis, facies models, sequence stratigraphy, and sedimentary basins. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of sedimentary rocks in hand sample and thin section, as well as application of course material in solving geological problems.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 4510/6510. Marine Micropaleontology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MARINE MICROPALEO.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 4010-4010L.
Geologic history and applications of marine microfossils, especially foraminifera, calcareous nannoplankton, radiolaria, and diatoms.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 4520/6520. Paleoecology. 3 hours. 1 hour lecture and 4 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PALEOECOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: [GEOL 1260-1260L or (GEOL 1122 and GEOL 1122L) or (GEOL 1122H and GEOL 1122L) and GEOL 4010-4010L] or permission of department.
The ecological factors affecting the distribution and abundance of fossil organisms, with emphasis on marine invertebrates. Invertebrates as a guide to environments of the past and as indicators of environmental change. Taphonomy of invertebrates.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

(GEOL)CRSS 4540/6540-4540L/6540L. Pedology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PEDOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CRSS(FORS) 3060-3060L.
Soils as a natural component of the ecosystem, including morphology, landscape distribution, formation, identification of diagnostic horizons and features, and classification.
Non-traditional format: A one-day trip to North Georgia and a two-day trip to the Coastal Plain will be required at student's expense.
Offered every year.

GEOL 4550/6550. Clay Mineralogy and Geochemistry. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CLAY MINERAOLOGY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Clay minerals with emphasis on x-ray diffraction analysis and identification of mixed layer systems. Geochemical factors for clay origin and uses including applications to soils, petroleum, archeological, environmental and economic ore deposit studies.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 4560/6560. Weathering and Diagenesis. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: WEATH & DIAGENESIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CHEM 1211 and CHEM 1211L and GEOL 3020-3020L.
Global cycling of major elements. Rock-water interactions. Kinetics of mineral dissolution and growth in soil, marine, freshwater, sedimentary basins and hydrothermal systems. Geochemical models for estimating reaction rates and reservoir capacities/fluxes are considered.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 4600/6600. Solid Earth Geophysics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SOLID EARTH GEOPHYS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 4020-4020L and MATH 2200 and MATH 2200L.
Analysis of Earth's gravity, magnetic, and seismic wave fields applied to the investigation of structure and dynamics of the Earth's interior. Course will cover theory, methods of analysis, and results of geophysical investigations. Emphasis on major new initiatives in satellite geodesy and digital seismic array studies.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 4620/6620. Exploration Geophysics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EXPLORATION GEOPHYS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 4020-4020L and MATH 2200 and MATH 2200L.
Geophysical methods for imaging the subsurface. Course will focus on gravity, magnetic, resistivity, seismic refraction, and seismic reflection surveys. Applications discussed include exploration for hydrocarbons and characterization of the shallow subsurface for engineering/groundwater studies. Laboratory will include field experiments and computer modeling studies.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 4640/6640. Geochemical and Geophysical Surveys. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GEOCHEM/GEOPHYS SUR.
Undergraduate prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 4020-4020L.
Geochemical dispersion and survey of common pathfinder elements; methods of instrumental analysis used in geochemical exploration. Background theory of gravity, magnetic, electromagnetic, and electrical techniques used in resource exploration. Field based projects.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 4660/6660. Field School in Shallow Geophysics. 6 hours. 6 hours lecture and 48-56 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SHALLOW GEOPHYSICS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (GEOL 1121 and GEOL 1121L) or GEOL 1250-1250L or permission of department.
Techniques for the geophysical propsection of near-surface geology, geohydrology, and geomorphology. Techniques include electro-magnetic, radar, sonar, and magnetism.
Non-traditional format: Course taught during summer semester utilizing applied field exercises in addition to traditional lecture/lab methods.
Offered summer semester every year.

GEOL 4670/6670. Environmental Instrumental Analysis. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ENV INST ANAYLYSIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CHEM 1212 and CHEM 1212L.
Lecture and laboratory course emphasizing principles and practical experience in chemical analysis of sediments, rocks and water, with particular emphasis on environmentally important organic and inorganic contaminants.
Non-traditional format: Field trip participation required.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL(ANTH) 4700/6700. Archaeological Geology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ARCHAEO GEOLOGY.
Archaeological geology examines the use of earth science methods and theories in the study of archaeological sites and their contents. The four major areas covered include: (1) the archaeological site and geology; (2) age determination techniques; (3) exploration techniques; (4) artifact characterization.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 4750/6750. Earth Sciences for Middle School Teachers. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: EARTH SCI MID SCH.
Fundamentals of earth sciences for middle school teachers. Map interpretation; minerals and rocks; principles of astronomy, meteorology and oceanography. Processes at the surface and inside the Earth. Emphasis on plate tectonics; geologic time scale, evolution of life, and a study of fossils. Geology and resources of Georgia.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 4900/6900. Seminar in Geohydrology. 1 hour. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR IN GEOHYDRO.
Current and classical studies in geohydrology.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOL 4910/6910. Seminar in Geochemistry. 1 hour. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR IN GEOCHEM.
Current and classical studies in geochemistry.
Offered spring semester every year.

GEOL 4920/6920. Seminar for Geology Teaching Assistants. 1 hour.
Oasis Title: SEM TEACH ASSTS.
Discussion of the delivery of geology laboratory material, including presentation techniques, attendance policy, grading, and support systems.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOL 4950/6950. Geology Seminar. 1 hour. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: GEOLOGY SEMINAR.
Reviews and discussions of current research topics.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

GEOL 4960H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3-4 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED READINGS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4970H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3-4 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED READING.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4980H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3-4 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED READING.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 4990H. Honors Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HONORS THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual research in the field of his/her major or in a closely related field.
Non-traditional format: Students in this course meet with their supervising professor as needed to successfully complete assignments and readings.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 4991. Senior Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SENIOR THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Individual research in the field of geology or in a closely related field.
Non-traditional format: Students in this course meet with a supervising Geology faculty member as needed to successfully complete research assignments and a written thesis. Oral presentation of research results in a public forum is required.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 7000. Master's Research. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a master's degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 7005. Graduate Student Seminar. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: GRAD STUDENT SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 7300. Master's Thesis. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 24 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Thesis writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and thesis preparation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 8010. Advanced Topics in Archaeological Geology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP ARCH GEOL.
Intensive study under the direction of staff members on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study using traditional lecture and lab exercises when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8020. Advanced Topics in Geochemistry. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP GEOCHEM.
Intensive study under the direction of staff members on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lectures and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8030. Advanced Topics in Geophysics. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP GEOPHYSICS.
Intensive study under the direction of staff members on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lectures and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8040. Advanced Topics in Hydrogeology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP HYDROGEOL.
Intensive study under the direction of staff members on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lectures and lab exercises may be used when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8050. Advanced Topics in Mineralogy. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP MINERALOGY.
Intensive study under the direction of a staff member on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lectures and lab exercises may be utilized when applicable.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8060. Advanced Topics in Paleobiology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP PALEOBIOL.
Intensive study under the direction of staff members on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lectures and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8070. Advanced Topics in Petrology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP PETROLOGY.
Intensive study under the direction of staff members on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lectures and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8080. Advanced Topics in Sedimentary Geology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP SED GEOLOGY.
Intensive study under the direction of staff members on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lectures and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8090. Advanced Topics in Structural Geology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP STRUC GEOL.
Intensive study under the direction of staff members on approved topics.
Non-traditional format: Taught as a directed study but traditional lectures and lab exercises may be utilized when appropriate.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 8100. Microchemical Analysis of Geologic Materials. 3 hours. 1 hour lecture and 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: MICRO ANAL GEOL MAT.
Theoretical and laboratory study of microchemical analytical techniques commonly used to analyze the composition of geologic materials. Includes training on the operation of the JEOL 8600 Superprobe for geochemical analysis.
Offered fall semester every year.

GEOL 8110. Paleooceanography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PALEOOCEANOGRAPHY.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4010-4010L and GEOL 4090/6090.
History of temporal and environmental changes in physical, chemical, and biological components of the ocean as recorded in deep-sea sediments and oceanic crust. Emphasis is placed on the role of paleoclimates in the evolution of the ocean.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 8120. Paleobiodiversity. 3 hours. 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PALEOBIODIVERSITY.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4520/6520 or permission of department.
Pattern, process and causal mechanisms of modern and fossil biodiversity issues.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 8130. Paleocommunities. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: PALEOCOMMUNITIES.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4010-4010L.
Geologic history and paleoecology of fossil associations through time with emphasis on the marine fossil record.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8140. Sequence Stratigraphy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SEQUENCE STRAT.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4010-4010L.
Principles of sequence stratigraphy. Roles of sediment supply, subsidence, and eustasy in the accumulation of sediments on time scales of tens of thousands of years and longer.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8150. Earth Surface Geochemistry. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EARTH SURF GEOCHEM.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4110/6110.
Geochemical principles, materials, and processes related to the near-earth-surface environment. Systems studied include weathering and shallow groundwater; rivers, lakes, and oceans; diagenesis and deep groundwater; and the linkage of the rock and water cycles.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8160. Advanced Igneous Petrology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ADV IGNEOUS PETROL.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4300/6300.
Mineralogy, petrology, and chemical compositions of igneous rocks. Origin and evolution of magmas and the causes and characteristics of volcanic eruptions including effects on climate and societies.
Non-traditional format: One weekend field trip is required.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8170-8170L. Petrology of Stony Archaeological Material. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PET ARCH MAT.
Prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L or GEOL(ANTH) 4700/6700 or GEOL(ANTH)4340/6340.
Petrographic analysis and interpretation of stony archaeological materials, including rocks, minerals, ceramics, slags, and glass using the petrographic microscope.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8180. Sandstone Petrology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: SANDSTONE PETROLOGY.
Prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L.
Petrology of sandstones: classifications, mineralogy, geochemistry, provenance, diagenesis, porosity, and hydrogeology of sandstones. Laboratory examination of sandstone mineralogies and diagenetic fabrics.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8200. Carbonate Petrology. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CARBONATE PETROLOGY.
Prerequisite: GEOL 3010-3010L and GEOL 4010-4010L.
Petrology, mineralogy, and geochemistry of limestones, dolostones, speleothems, travertines, and other carbonate-bearing geological materials. Precipitation of carbonate minerals, origin of carbonate grains, neomorphism, diagenesis, dolomitization, silicification, porosity, and permeability in carbonate rocks.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 8220. Advanced Metamorphic Petrology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV METAM PETROLOGY.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4300/6300.
Rigorous and quantitative study of metamorphic rocks through the use of chemical thermodynamics. A study of chemical equilibrium and solution behavior applied to minerals and geologic fluids is followed by specific applications to metamorphic rocks.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8250. Plate Tectonics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PLATE TECTONICS.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4020-4020L.
Mechanics of plate motion on a sphere; analysis of earthquake focal mechanisms and state of stress in the lithosphere; paleomagnetism; true polar wander; geologic processes at plate boundaries; forces driving plates. Discussion of papers covering models for convection, fate of slabs, recent results from global tomography, and regional tectonics.
Offered fall semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8270. Continental Tectonics. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 1 hour lab per week.
Oasis Title: CONTINENTAL TECTON.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4060/6060.
Origin and evolution of mountain systems, orogenic belts, and related terrains. Emphasis will be on processes of deformation and crustal growth; plate tectonic driving forces; relations between deformation, magmatism, and sedimentation; field and laboratory methods used to study orogenic belts; and/or the evolution of specific mountain systems and continents.
Offered fall semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 8460. Isotope Geochemistry. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ISOTOPE GEOCHEM.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4020-4020L and GEOL 4110/6110.
Theory of isotope fractionation and radioactive decay. Analytical methods for measurement of isotope ratios. Applications of isotope methods in the earth sciences including age dating, studies of chemical cycles in the environment, and evolution of inorganic and organic systems.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8550-8550L. Clay Mineralogy. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: CLAY MINERALOGY.
Clay minerals with emphasis on X-ray diffraction analysis and identification of mixed layer systems. Geochemical factors for clay origin and uses, including applications to soils, petroleum, archeological, environmental, and economic deposits.
Non-traditional format: Each student is expected to make an oral presentation on the subject of his or her choice. The topic must pertain to some aspect of clay mineralogy (either a lab project or a library referenced presentation is possible). An abstract, outline, figures, and list of references should be provided to each class participant.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8600. Advanced Topics in Seismology. 1-3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV TOP SEISMOLOGY.
Prerequisite: (GEOL 4020-4020L and MATH 2210 and MATH 2210L and PHYS 1212-1212L) or permission of department.
Topics in theoretical and observational seismology. Wave propagation, time series analysis, geophysical data processing, inverse theory, and seismic array studies of the lithosphere, mantle and core. Topics to vary from year to year.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 8700. Physical Hydrogeology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHYSICAL HYDROGEOL.
Mathematical treatment of subsurface flow and transport using the hydraulic approach. Both regional and local problems are examined. Emphasis is on selecting the appropriate differential equation and boundary conditions to adequately describe a problem. Practical applications are used to illustrate the approach.
Offered fall semester every year.

(GEOL)FORS 8730. Aquifer Mechanics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AQUIFER MECHANICS.
Prerequisite: FORS 4110/6110-4110L/6110L or GEOL 4220/6220 or GEOG 4030/6030 or CRSS 4600/6600-4600L/6600L or permission of school.
Mechanics of flow through subsurface media, including flow in confined, water table, and leaky aquifers, delayed yield, partially penetrating wells, boundaries, multiple wells, dual porosity media, and fractured rock; use of aquifer tests to estimate aquifer hydraulic properties.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL(FORS) 8740. Hydrologic Flow and Transport Modeling. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: HYDROLOGIC MODELS.
Prerequisite: GEOL 8700 or FORS 4120/6120.
Solutions of surface and subsurface flow and transport problems including finite difference, finite element, and boundary integral methods. Analytic techniques include Laplace-, z-, and Fourier-transform, complex variable, and separation of variables methods. Application to problems commonly found in the environmental field, including capture zones, particle-tracking, advection-dispersion, and non-aqueous phase liquids.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8750. Environmental Organic Geochemistry. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENV ORGANIC GEOCHEM.
Prerequisite: CHEM 2211 and CHEM 2211L and GEOL 1260-1260L.
Origin and distribution of organic compounds in rocks, soils, and water. Biochemistry of major classes of organic compounds found in rocks, soils, and minerals. Emphasis on anthropocentric contamination and geochemistry of remediation.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL(CRSS) 8760. Organic Contaminant Hydrogeology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ORG CONT HYDROGEOL.
Prerequisite: (CHEM 2100 and CHEM 2100L) or (CHEM 2212 and CHEM 2212L) or permission of department.
Physical and chemical processes controlling the mobility and fate of organic contaminants in soils, sediments, surface, and ground waters. Processes include biotic and abiotic (hydrolysis, volatilization, sorption, redox, and photochemical) reactions in the natural systems. Relationships between chemical structure and reactivity in the environment.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

GEOL 8770. Hazardous Waste Site Remediation. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HAZARD WASTE REMED.
Prerequisite: GEOL 4130/6130 and EHSC 4350/6350-4350L/6350L.
The current state of environmental pollution and the application of innovative technologies in clean-up of contaminated soil, sediment, and groundwater. Evaluate the performance and limitations of existing technologies due to site heterogeneity.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8780. Environmental Isotopes. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 3 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: ENVIRON ISOTOPES.
The use of naturally occurring stable and radiogenic isotopes for solving environmental problems. Principles of isotope fractionation, radionuclide counting methods, applications to solving hydrologic problems, and laboratory techniques for analyzing O-and H-, C-stable isotopes and H-and Rn-radiogenic isotopes.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

GEOL 8790. Special Projects in Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology. 3 hours. 1 hour lecture and 6 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: PROJ IN ENV GEOL.
Prerequisite: GEOL 8700 or permission of department.
Environmental geological problems such as sanitary landfills, underground storage tank contaminated sites, mine land pollution areas, and hydrological assessment of wetlands.
Non-traditional format: Field trip participation is required.
Not offered on a regular basis.

GEOL 9000. Doctoral Research. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCTORAL RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a doctoral degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 9005. Doctoral Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOC GRAD STU SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

GEOL 9300. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 24 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCT DISSERTATION.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Dissertation writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and preparation of the doctoral dissertation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.