LING 1810. Elementary Biblical Hebrew I. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: ELEM BIB HEBREW I.
Not open to students with credit in HEBR 1001.
A study of classical Hebrew grammar.
Offered fall semester every year.

LING 1820. Elementary Biblical Hebrew II. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: ELEM BIB HEBREW II.
Not open to students with credit in HEBR 1002.
Prerequisite: HEBR 1001 or LING 1810.
A study of classical Hebrew grammar.
Offered spring semester every year.

LING 1910. Elementary Standard Arabic I. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: ELEM STAND ARB I.
Not open to students with credit in ARAB 1001.
Fundamentals of grammar, pronunciation, reading, composition, and conversation of standard (including classical) Arabic.
Offered fall semester every year.

LING 1920. Elementary Standard Arabic II. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: ELEM STND ARB II.
Not open to students with credit in ARAB 1002.
Prerequisite: ARAB 1001 or LING 1910.
Fundamentals of grammar, pronunciation, reading, composition, and conversation of standard (including classical) Arabic.
Offered spring semester every year.

(LING)CLAS 2010. The Nature of the English Vocabulary. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENGLISH VOCABULARY.
The nature and composition of the English vocabulary, with particular attention to Greek and Latin elements, and its development among diverse cultures and societies; techniques of morphological analysis, allomorphy, derivational morphology, formal and semantic change, and Indo-European etymology.
Offered fall and summer semesters every year.

LING 2100. The Study of Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: STUDY OF LANGUAGE.
The scientific study of language, emphasizing such topics as the organization of grammar, language in space and time, and the relationship between the study of language and other disciplines.
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

LING 2100H. The Study of Language (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: STUDY OF LANGUAGE.
Not open to students with credit in LING 2100.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
The scientific study of language, emphasizing such topics as the organization of grammar, language in space and time, and the relationship between the study of language and other disciplines.
Offered fall semester every year.

LING 2830. Intermediate Biblical Hebrew I. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTERM BIB HBW I.
Not open to students with credit in HEBR 2003.
Prerequisite: HEBR 1002 or LING 1820.
Classical Hebrew grammar, with reading of selected texts from the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament.
Offered fall semester every year.

LING 2840. Intermediate Biblical Hebrew II. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRM BIB HBW II.
Not open to students with credit in HEBR 2004.
Prerequisite: HEBR 2003 or LING 2830.
Readings of Hebrew texts selected from the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, Dead Sea Scrolls, or early rabbinic literature.
Offered spring semester every year.

LING 2930. Intermediate Standard Arabic I. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTERMDTE ARB I.
Not open to students with credit in ARAB 2003.
Prerequisite: ARAB 1002 or LING 1920.
Intermediate grammar, reading, conversation, and composition in standard (including classical) Arabic. Particular attention will be given to readings in Islamic literature.
Offered fall semester every year.

LING 2940. Intermediate Standard Arabic II. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTERMDTE ARB II.
Not open to students with credit in ARAB 2004.
Prerequisite: ARAB 2003 or LING 2930.
Intermediate grammar, reading, conversation, and composition in standard (including classical) Arabic. Particular attention will be given to readings in Islamic literature.
Offered spring semester every year.

(LING)ARAB 3005. Advanced Standard Arabic I. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADVANCED ARB I.
Prerequisite: ARAB 2004 or permission of department.
Advanced grammar, reading, conversation, and composition in standard (including classical) Arabic. Particular attention will be given to readings in Islamic literature.

(LING)CMSD 3010. Fundamentals of Speech and Voice Science I. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SPEECH/VOICE SCI I.
Not open to students with credit in CMSD(LING) 4120/6120.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Biomechanical, acoustical, anatomical, and physiological principles underlying human communication and related vocal tract behaviors in normal individuals. Specifically, this course will discuss theoretical principles of speech production, basic neurology related to speech, and cover in depth the respiratory and laryngeal systems of the human vocal tract.
Offered fall semester every year.

LING(ENGL) 3020. Language Variation. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LANGUAGE VARIATION.
Prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
Theory and assessment of regional and social language variation within one language, including the relationship of variation to language change. Historical and present-day illustrations come primarily from English, with consideration of the significance of language variation in our modern social context.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 3030. Introduction to the English Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO ENG LANG.
Prerequisite: ENGL 1102 or ENGL 1102M.
The history, structure, and modern varieties of the English language.
Offered every year.

(LING)SPAN 3050. Introduction to Spanish Linguistics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO TO SPAN LING.
Prerequisite: SPAN 3010 or SPAN 3010H or SPAN 3011.
Fundamentals of language in general and Spanish in particular. Linguistic knowledge, language variation, and language contact phenomena. Representative Spanish sound systems, syllabic structure, sentence patterns, structure and meaning of words. Analysis of data from oral and written registers. Given in Spanish.
Offered every year.

LING 3060. Phonetics and Phonology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHONETICS/PHONOLOGY.
Prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
Phonetic transcription of various languages dictated by native and non-native speakers; understanding of the phonetic principle by the solution of selected problems which consist of phonetically transcribed data.
Offered every year.

(LING)ANTH 3080. Anthropology of Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ANTHRO OF LANGUAGE.
Prerequisite: ANTH 1102 or LING 2100 or permission of department.
Anthropological studies in language, including origins and evolution, prehistory, geographical distribution, typology and classification, language and speech communities. Relationships between language and culture, language and society, and language and environment will be emphasized.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)FREN 3090. Introduction to French Linguistics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FRENCH LINGUISTICS.
Prerequisite: FREN 3010.
The field of French linguistics, emphasizing such topics as the internal and external history of French; the sounds, forms, and vocabulary of modern French; and the linguistic variation within France and the French-speaking world.
Offered every year.

(LING)CMSD 3110. Fundamentals of Speech and Voice Science II. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SPEECH/VOICE SCI II.
Not open to students with credit in CMSD(LING) 4140/6140.
Prerequisite: CMSD(LING) 3010 and permission of department.
A continuation of Fundamentals of Speech and Voice Science I and will address the biomechanical, acoustical, anatomical, and physiological principles underlying human communication and related vocal tract behaviors in normal populations. Specific systems to be covered include the articulatory subsystems of the tongue, jaw, orofacial region, velopharynx and pharynx. Topics related to speech perception and models of speech production will also be incorporated into the curriculum.
Offered spring semester every year.

(LING)CMSD 3120. Study of Language Development. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LANGUAGE DEVELOP.
Not open to students with credit in CMSD(LING) 4500/6500.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Normal development of children's reception, integration, and expression of linguistic information; cultural, gender, socioeconomic, cognitive, and prelinguistic influences on language development.
Offered every year.

LING(ENGL) 3150. Generative Syntax. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GENERATIVE SYNTAX.
Prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
Techniques and formalisms for analyzing syntactic phenomena of human languages within the framework of generative grammar. Examples will be drawn primarily from English.
Offered every year.

(LING)GRMN 3380. Contrastive Grammar of English and German. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONTRASTIVE GERMAN.
Prerequisite: GRMN 2002.
Contrastive analysis of German and English phonology and grammar. Prepares future teachers of German to identify structural differences between English and German.
Offered every year.

LING 3830. Languages of the World. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LANGS OF THE WORLD.
Prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
The classification and distribution of languages of the world and a survey of linguistic structures as exemplified by selected languages.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 4000/6000. History of the English Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HIST ENG LANG.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or CMLT 2111 or CMLT 2210 or CMLT 2212 or CMLT 2220 or ENGL 2310 or ENGL 2320 or ENGL 2330 or ENGL 2340 or ENGL 2400.
The development of present English through the stages of Old English, Middle English, and early Modern English. Study of elementary phonetics, phonemics, sound change, and dialect variation.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 4010/6010. American English. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AMERICAN ENGLISH.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ENGL(LING) 3030 or ENGL(LING) 4000/6000 or LING 2100.
The history, present status, and future prospects of American English, including standards and internal variation.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)ANTH 4030-4030D. Evolution of Human Cognition. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EVOL HUMAN COG.
Prerequisite or corequisite: ANTH 1102 or PSYC 1101 or EPSY(PSYC)(ARTI)3020.
Examination of the biological evolution of human cognition (consciousness, cognition, and ultimately language), drawing on recent findings in neurobiology, cognitive science, linguistics, paleoanthropology, primatology, cognitive anthropology, cognitive ethology ("mental experience of animals"), cognitive and development psychology, psycholinguistics, evolutionary psychology, and the philosophy of mind/brain.
Offered every year.

(LING)ANTH 4031/6031-4031D/6031D. Evolution of Human Cognition. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EVOL HUMAN COG.
Not open to students with credit in ANTH(LING) 4030-4030D.
Undergraduate prerequisite or corequisite: ANTH 1102 or PSYC 1101.
Examination of the biological evolution of human cognition (consciousness, cognition, and ultimately language), drawing on recent findings in neurobiology, cognitive science, linguistics, paleoanthropology, primatology, cognitive anthropology, cognitive ethology ("mental experience of animals"), cognitive and development psychology, psycholinguistics, evolutionary psychology, and the philosophy of mind/brain.
Offered spring semester every year.

(LING)(AFAM)ENGL 4040. Language Use in the African American Community. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AFR AMER LANG USE.
Prerequisite: ENGL(LING) 3030 or ENGL(LING) 4000/6000 or LING 2100.
History and structure of the speech and language styles used in the African American community; examination of linguistic and cultural issues that confront the majority of African Americans; the role of the vernacular language of African Americans in society.
Offered every year.

LING(AFAM)(ENGL) 4050/6050. Structure of African American English. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: STRUCTURE OF AAE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100.
Discussion and analysis of the phonological, morphological, lexical, discourse, and syntactic structures of African American English and their interaction as the grammatical system of language use in the African American community.

(LING)ENGL 4060/6060. Old English. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: OLD ENGLISH.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or CMLT 2111 or CMLT 2210 or CMLT 2212 or CMLT 2220 or ENGL 2310 or ENGL 2320 or ENGL 2330 or ENGL 2340 or ENGL 2400.
The language and literature of England before the Norman Conquest, with reading of selected texts.
Offered fall semester every year.

LING(ENGL) 4080. The Linguistics of Speech. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LING SPEECH.
Prerequisite: LING 2100 or permission of department.
Introduction to the study and theory of language as it is actually used by people in speech and writing, in contrast to theories that focus on more abstract linguistic structure.
Offered every even-numbered year.

(LING)ANTH 4090/6090. Cognitive Anthropology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: COGNITIVE ANTH.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ANTH 1102 or permission of major.
Folk systems of knowledge, with an emphasis on how people in different societies culturally identify, define, label, and classify phenomena such as color terms, plants, animals, and other environmental resources.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)ENGL 4100/6100. Lexicography. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LEXICOGRAPHY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ENGL(LING) 3030 or ENGL(LING) 4000/6000 or LING 2100.
Principles and methods of dictionary making with emphasis on monolingual English and bilingual dictionaries. Topics may include typology of dictionaries and dictionary users, the history of lexicography, the collection and selection of headwords and examples; the definition style, pronunciation, labeling, translation equivalents, etymology, illustrations, and encyclopedic information.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 4110/6110. English Grammar. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENGLISH GRAMMAR.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or CMLT 2111 or CMLT 2210 or CMLT 2212 or CMLT 2220 or ENGL 2310 or ENGL 2320 or ENGL 2330 or ENGL 2340 or ENGL 2400.
English grammar in the scholarly tradition of Curme and Jespersen.
Offered every year.

(LING)GREK(LATN) 4150/6150. Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: COMP GRAM GK AND LT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LATN 3010 or GREK 2002 or permission of department.
Graduate prerequisite: Pass on Classics Department Greek or Latin proficiency exam or permission of department.
The positions of Greek and Latin within the Indo-European language family with special attention to the phonological evolution of both Greek and Latin from Proto-Indo-European.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

(LING)ENGL 4170/6170. Second Language Acquisition. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SECOND LANG ACQ.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ENGL(LING) 3030 or ENGL(LING) 4110/6110 or LING 2100.
Linguistic theories of second language acquisition, with emphasis on the acquisition of English. Topics include order of acquisition, sociocultural factors with linguistic bases, and neurolinguistic models.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 4180/6180. ESL Error Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ESL ERROR ANALYSIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: ENGL(LING) 3030 or ENGL(LING) 4110/6110 or LING 2100.
Psycholinguistic theory applied to problems in second language learning, and the prediction of language behavior through the use of contrastive analysis.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 4190. Topics in the English Language. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: TOPICS IN ENG LANG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
A special topic not otherwise offered in the English curriculum. Topics and instructors vary from semester to semester.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 4195/6195. Celtic Languages. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 6 hours credit.
Oasis Title: CELTIC LANGUAGES.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or CMLT 2111 or CMLT 2210 or CMLT 2220 or ENGL 2310 or ENGL 2320 or ENGL 2330 or ENGL 2340 or ENGL 2400.
One of the Celtic languages (for example, Welsh, Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic) in medieval or contemporary form. Languages and instructors may vary from semester to semester.

LING 4210/6210. Introduction to Indo-European Studies. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO INDO-EUROPEAN.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
The Indo-European language family: the various early Indo-European dialects, their grammatical structures, and the evolution of those structures from the proto-language.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

(LING)(ANTH)(ENGL)LACS 4215/6215. Creole Language and Culture in the Caribbean. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CREOLE LANGUAGE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Permission of department.
An introduction to the study of creole language and culture in the Caribbean, including an overview of the history and development focusing on the socio-historical context of their genesis, demographics, and the resulting linguistic make-up. The status of creoles, their use in Education and creole identities, are also examined.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

(LING)PHIL 4300/6300. Philosophy of Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHIL OF LANGUAGE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (PHIL 2500 and any 3000-level PHIL course) or permission of department.
Topics such as formal and ordinary languages, meaning, reference, truth, definition, analyticity, ambiguity, metaphor, symbolism, and the uses of language.
Offered every even-numbered year.

(LING)PHIL 4510/6510. Deductive Systems. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DEDUCTIVE SYSTEMS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 2500 or permission of department.
Symbolic-mathematical logic, examining the propositional and predicate calculi, with emphasis on problems in translation and formalization and topics in the philosophy of logic and mathematics.
Offered fall semester every year.

(LING)PHIL 4520/6520. Model Theory. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MODEL THEORY.
Prerequisite: PHIL(LING) 4510/6510 or permission of department.
Formal semantics for sentential and first-order predicate logic, including both soundness and completeness results for first-order logic. Additional topics may include Goedel's incompleteness results, the Skolem-Lowenheim theorem, or possible world semantics for modal logics.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

LING(CLAS) 4610/6610. Sanskrit I. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SANSKRIT I.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
The phonology, morphology, and syntax of the classical Sanskrit language, emphasizing the position of Sanskrit within the Indo-European language family and its importance for Indo-European linguistics.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

LING(CLAS) 4620/6620. Sanskrit II. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SANSKRIT II.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING(CLAS) 4610/6610.
Continued studies in both the synchronic and diachronic grammar of classical Sanskrit.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

(LING)FREN 4630. French Phonetics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FRENCH PHONETICS.
Prerequisite: FREN(LING) 3090.
The French sound system in theory and practice. How French sounds are formed and how they reflect social class and geographical origin. Work on pronunciation in class and the language laboratory. Given in French.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)SPAN 4650. Spanish Phonetics and Language Variation. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SPAN PHONETICS.
Prerequisite: SPAN(LING) 3050.
Speech organs and systematic description of Spanish sounds. Comparison of English and Spanish patterns of stress, pronunciation, and intonation. Examination of recurrent pronunciation errors. Description of major geographical and social dialects. Practice in pronunciation and transcription of sounds. Given in Spanish.
Offered every year.

(LING)SPAN 4651. Advanced Spanish Grammar. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV SPAN GRAM.
Prerequisite: SPAN(LING) 3050.
Description and linguistic analysis of major syntactic structures, including morphological patterns of lexical creation and renovation.
Offered every year.

LING 4690/6690. Historical Linguistics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HISTORICAL LING.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
Traditional methods of historical linguistics are reviewed, with examples from several different language families. Various kinds of possible phonological and syntactic changes are investigated in relation to modern linguistic theory.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

LING 4710/6710. Languages in Contact. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LANGS IN CONTACT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
The influence of languages on other languages spoken in the same or neighboring areas, including pidgins and creoles, with consideration of relationships in phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and vocabulary.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING(CMLT) 4740/6740. Discourse Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DISCOURSE ANALYSIS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or permission of department.
An interdisciplinary study of language use, text analysis, and evaluation. The course will provide students with the ability to investigate and evaluate structural features of language and to identify the strategies used by different writers based on style and cultural backgrounds.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

(LING)FREN 4800/6800. French Syntax and Meaning. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FR SYNTAX & MEANING.
Undergraduate prerequisite: FREN(LING) 3090 and permission of department.
The syntax of modern French through readings in descriptive analysis and examples of literary texts to see how word order contributes to meaning. Particular emphasis on levels of style and reflections of social class. Frequent compositions required. Given in French.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 4850. Elementary Aramaic/Syriac. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ELEM ARAMAIC/SYRIAC.
Not open to students with credit in SEMI 4001.
Prerequisite: HEBR 2004 or LING 2840 or permission of department.
Aramaic and/or Syriac grammar, especially as related to Hebrew, along with simple readings from religious texts.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING(ANTH) 4860/6860. Sociolinguistics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SOCIOLINGUISTICS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or ANTH(LING) 3080 or permission of department.
The study of language as a cultural and social phenomenon. Topics include language and meaning, language and world view, language and social behavior, and language and social issues.
Offered every even-numbered year.

LING(CMLT) 4870/6870. Language, Gender, and Culture. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LANG GENDER CULTR.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
The role of language and culture in the formation of philosophical assumptions about gender differentiation in society.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 4885. Introduction to Humanities Computing. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO TO HUM COMP.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
A general introduction to the use of computers in humanistic study. Students will be exposed to the theoretical literature of humanities computing and to several specific techniques popular among computing humanists. Students will also be expected to generate critical work and to complete a web-based project.
Offered fall semester every year.

(LING)ENGL 4886. Text and Corpus Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TEXT CORP ANALYSIS.
Prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or CMLT 2111 or CMLT 2210 or CMLT 2212 or CMLT 2220 or ENGL 2310 or ENGL 2320 or ENGL 2330 or ENGL 2340 or ENGL 2400.
Use of computers to analyze the style and language of particular texts and large collections of text. Areas for study include aspects of electronic texts in the humanities such as text encoding, file manipulation, stylometry, and textual criticism, and aspects of language such as lexical semantics, collocations, and grammar.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

(LING)ENGL 4889. Humanities Computing II: Applied Design. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HUM COMP II.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Introduction to the design and development of software for use in humanities scholarship.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 4900/6900. Topics in Indo-European Linguistics. 3-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: TOPICS INDO-EUROPN.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
The synchronic and diachronic grammar of an older Indo-European language. Possible offerings include Avestan, Hittite, Lithuanian, Old Church, Slavic, and Old Irish or topics such as Indo-European phonology, morphology, or syntax.
Offered every even-numbered year.

LING 4910. Special Topics in Linguistics. 3-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SPEC TOPICS LING.
Prerequisite: [LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030] and permission of department.
Reading and discussions of current developments and issues in linguistics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 4920/6920. Less-Taught Languages I. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: LESS-TAUGHT LANG I.
Study of the phonology, morphology, syntax, and culture of a less-taught language. Possible offerings include Finnish, Hungarian, and other non-Indo-European languages. This course cannot be used in partial fulfillment of the foreign language requirement in the core curriculum.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 4930/6930. Less-Taught Languages II. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: LESS-TAUGHT LANG II.
Undergraduate prerequisite: LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030 or permission of department.
Study of the phonology, morphology, syntax, and culture of a less-taught language. Possible offerings include Finnish, Hungarian, and other non-Indo-European languages. This course cannot be used in partial fulfillment of the foreign language requirement in the core curriculum.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 4960H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIR RDINGS/PROJ.
Prerequisite: [LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030] and permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 4970H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED RDING/PROJ.
Prerequisite: [LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030] and permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 4980H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED RDING/PROJ.
Prerequisite: [LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030] and permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 4990H. Honors Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HONORS THESIS.
Prerequisite: [LING 2100 or ENGL(LING) 3030] and permission of Honors.
Individual research for preparation of a thesis.
Non-traditional format: Students will meet with faculty members on a regular basis.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 6020. Phonetics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHONETICS.
Articulatory, acoustic, and perceptual properties of speech, as well as the relationship between the physical realities of speech production and the structure of phonological systems.
Offered fall semester every year.

LING 6030. Phonology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHONOLOGY.
An introduction to the study of the sound systems of languages, including basic concepts and analytic techniques, contemporary theoretical approaches, and major areas of research.
Offered spring semester every year.

(LING)(AFAM)ENGL 6040. Language Use in the African American Community. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AFR AM LANG USE.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
History and structure of the speech and language styles used in the African American community; examination of linguistic and cultural issues that confront the majority of African Americans; the role of the vernacular language of African Americans in society.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)ENGL 6070. Middle English. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MIDDLE ENGLISH.
Prerequisite: ENGL(LING) 4000/6000 or ENGL(LING) 4060/6060 or permission of department.
The English language of the Middle English period, including the development of the language from the end of the Old English period through the transition to Modern English.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING(ENGL) 6080. The Linguistics of Speech. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LING SPEECH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
The study and theory of language as it is actually used by people in speech and writing, in contrast to theories that focus on more abstract linguistic structure.
Offered every even-numbered year.

(LING)ENGL 6190. Study of the English Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: STUDY ENG LANG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
The nature, structure, and varieties of the English language in vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, and semantics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)GRMN 6380. Contrastive Grammar: German-English. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONT GRAM GER-ENG.
Identification and examination of the salient structural similarities and differences between German and English.
Offered every year.

(LING)GRMN 6460. Structure of Modern German. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GERMAN STUCTURE.
Prerequisite: GRMN 3001.
Linguistic and sociolinguistic structures of modern German with relevant linguistic terminology. Emphasis on phonology, morphology, and syntax. Taught in English.
Offered every year.

(LING)SPAN 6550. History of the Spanish Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HISTORY SPAN LANG.
The major linguistic changes in the history of the Spanish language, including the interaction of linguistic and societal changes and the representation of these changes in texts.
Offered every year.

LING 6570. Applied Natural Language Processing. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: APP NAT LANG PROC.
Not open to students with credit in CSCI(LING) 8570.
Computer processing of human languages, intended for linguists with a variable amount of previous computer experience. Emphasis is on use of existing software rather than programming.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

(LING)GRMN 6600. History of the German Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HIST GER LANG.
The origins of modern standard German from the Indo-European parent language through proto-Germanic, Old and Middle High German, and the early modern period.
Offered every year.

(LING)FREN 6630. The French Sound System in a Social Context. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FRENCH SOUND SYSTEM.
French phonetics: the sounds of French as they relate to levels of language from the vernacular to literature. An examination of how sounds vary with relation to region and social class. Practice in class and in the language laboratory. Given in French.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)SPAN 6650. Spanish Phonetics and Phonology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SP PHON &PHONOLOGY.
The Spanish sound system using core concepts of linguistics in general and phonology in particular. Characterization and transcription of spoken Spanish. Analysis of important phenomena of language variation in the Hispanic world, including national, geographical, historical, and social dialects. Given in Spanish.
Offered every year.

(LING)FREN 6700. Applied French Linguistics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: APPL FR LING.
Phonology of French as it determines the underlying forms of morphology with an application to the teaching of French to non-native speakers. Emphasis on the concepts of variation, acceptability, and cultural sensitivity. Given in French.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)SPAN 6750. Spanish Syntax and Morphology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SPAN SYNTAX & MORPH.
Grammar and language usage in the study of the syntactic and morphological structures of Spanish. The syntax and morphology of the pronoun and verb systems, agreement phenomena, gerunds, comparisons, and modal and aspectual distinctions. Written self-expression on a variety of issues as practical application of grammatical structures discussed in class. Given in Spanish.
Offered every year.

(LING)GRMN 6810. German Phonology and Morphology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GER PHONOL MORPHOL.
Theoretical and applied German phonology and word structure. Taught in English.
Offered every year.

(LING)SPAN 6850. Spanish Applied Linguistics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SPAN APPLIED LING.
Phonetic and morpho-syntactic structures that are problematic for the English-speaking student of Spanish. Ways in which culture is encoded in language. Implications of Spanish linguistics for the teaching and learning of Spanish and the linguistic education of language teachers. Given in Spanish.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 6885. Introduction to Humanities Computing. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO TO HUM COMP.
A general introduction to the use of computers in humanistic study. Students will be exposed to the theoretical literature of humanistic computing and to several specific techniques popular among computing humanists. Students will also be expected to generate critical work and to complete a web-based project.
Offered fall semester every year.

(LING)ENGL 6886. Text and Corpus Analysis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TEXT CORP ANALYSIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Use of computers to analyze the style and language of particular texts and large collections of text. Areas for study include aspects of electronic texts in the humanities such as text encoding, file manipulation, stylometry, and textual criticism, and aspects of language such as lexical semantics, collocations, and grammar.
Offered every year.

(LING)ENGL 6888. Humanities Computing I: Knowledge Representation. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HUM COMP I.
Not open to students with credit in ENGL 8888.
Design and creation of data structures for computer-based scholarship in literary and linguistic study. Students will be exposed to the relevant theoretical literature in humanities computing and will study several technologies in detail. Students will be expected to generate critical work and to complete a computer-based project.
Offered spring semester every year.

(LING)ENGL 6889. Humanities Computing II: Applied Design. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HUM COMP II.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Introduction to the design and development of software for use in humanities scholarship.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)FREN 6910. History of the French Language in its Social and Literary Context. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HISTORY FRENCH LANG.
The major changes in the history of the French language, with special attention to the interaction of linguistic and societal changes and to the representation of these changes in literary texts. Given in French.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)SPAN 6950. Spanish Semantics and Pragmatics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SP SEM & PRAGMATICS.
Semantic and pragmatic approaches to the study of meaning in Spanish. Differences between sentence meaning and speaker meaning. Analysis of types of discourse in Spanish such as narrative and free conversation. Given in Spanish.
Offered every year.

LING 7000. Master's Research. 3-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 30 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a master's degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 7005. Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: GRAD STUDENT SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

LING 7300. Master's Thesis. 3-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 30 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Thesis writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and thesis preparation.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)GRMN 7500. Teaching College German. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TEACH COLL GERM.
Methods for teaching foreign language and development of language skills in German. For teaching assistants in German and graduate students in German and Language Education. Taught in English.
Offered fall semester every year.

(LING)ROML 7700. Romance Languages Pedagogy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ROM LANG PEDAGOGY.
Principles and methods of second language teaching applied to Romance languages. An analysis of techniques used to teach listening, speaking, reading, writing, and culture, with an examination of current theories of language acquisition. Given in English.
Offered every year.

(LING)SPAN 7750. Teaching College Spanish. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TEACH COLLEGE SPAN.
Foreign language teaching and learning applied to Spanish. Theories of second language acquisition. Techniques and strategies to teach listening, speaking, reading, writing, and culture in context. Activities and procedures of classroom instruction. Issues in the professionalization of Spanish teachers. Given in Spanish.
Offered every year.

(LING)ROML 8000. Topics in Romance Languages. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: TOPICS ROMANCE LANG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Specific aspects of Romance languages, linguistics, literatures, or cultures.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)SPAN 8010. Topics in Culture, Language, Linguistics, and Literature of the Spanish-Speaking World Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SELECTED TOPICS.
An intensive, integrative, and contextualized study of a specific representative topic in language, literature, culture, and linguistics of the Spanish-speaking world. Given in Spanish.
Offered every year.

LING 8020. Language Variation. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LANGUAGE VARIATION.
Regional and social language variation within one language, including the relationship between variation and language change. Historical and present-day illustrations come primarily from English, with consideration of the significance of language variation in our modern social context.
Offered every even-numbered year.

(LING)CMSD 8050. Seminar: Language Acquisition and Disorders. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SEM LANG ACQ/DIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Recent issues and research in language acquisition and disorders. Major theories of development, assessment, and intervention, with emphasis on integration of theory and clinical practice.
Offered every year.

LING 8060. Phonetics and Phonology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHONETICS/PHONOLOGY.
Not open to students with credit in GRMN(LING) 6810.
Phonetic transcription of various languages dictated by native and non-native speakers; understanding of the phonemic principle by the solution of selected problems which consist of phonetically transcribed data.
Offered every year.

LING 8070. Advanced Generative Phonology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV GEN PHONOL.
Prerequisite: LING 8060 or permission of department.
The formal nature of phonological rules and representations and how they interact to delimit possible real language phonologies, with attention given to such phenomena as syllabification, tone, and vowel harmony.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 8080. Seminar in Linguistic Theory. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM LINGUISTIC THRY.
Special topics and current issues in linguistic theory.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 8120. Morphology. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MORPHOLOGY.
The linguistic study of word structure and how this relates to other components of the grammar of a language (phonology, syntax, semantics). Theoretical issues and problems in the study of morphology will be discussed in connection with the analysis of data from a wide variety of languages.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

(LING)EPSY(PSYC) 8130. Psycholinguistics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PSYCHOLINGUISTICS.
Recent theoretical and experimental work on the psychological aspects of semantics, grammar, and discourse processes are surveyed. Language development is also considered.
Offered every year.

LING 8150. Generative Syntax. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GENERATIVE SYNTAX.
Techniques and formalisms for analyzing syntactic phenomena of human languages within the framework of generative grammar. Examples will be drawn from English.
Offered every year.

LING 8160. Advanced Generative Syntax. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ADV GEN SYNTAX.
Prerequisite: LING 8150.
Formal analysis of syntactic phenomena, such as the passive construction, question formation, and relative clauses, with examples drawn primarily from English.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 8250. Teaching College Second Language Courses. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: TCH COL 2ND LANG CR.
Not open to students with credit in FREN(LING) 7700 or GRMN(LING) 7500 or SPAN(LING) 7750.
The teaching of college second language courses, most often for new teaching assistants in less-common languages.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 8280. Seminar in Second Language Acquisition. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM 2ND LANG ACQ.
Special topics and current issues in second language acquisition. Topics will vary; consult the Linguistics Program office for the specific topics to be covered in any offering of the seminar.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)PHIL 8300. Seminar in the Philosophy of Language. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM PHIL OF LANG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
The original course materials dealing with such topics as formal and ordinary languages, meaning, reference, descriptions, truth, definition, analyticity, speech acts, and the uses of language.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

(LING)GRMN 8320. Gothic. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: GOTHIC.
Morphology, phonology, and history of the Gothic language based on extant texts. Emphasis on the development of earlier stages of the language and on its later language forms. Taught in English.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)CMSD 8360. Advanced Speech and Voice Science. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: ADV SP/VOI SCI.
Prerequisite: [(CMSD(LING) 4140/6140 or CMSD 3030)] and CSCI 1100-1100L and permission of department.
Designed for students at the early stages of thesis or dissertation planning. Specific topics vary depending on student/faculty interests. Lecture/discussion format to present research approaches to acoustic phonetics, voice science, and psychoacoustics. Emphasis on available instrumentation, measurement standards, psychophysics, and issues in signal processing of speech and voice.
Offered summer semester every year.

(LING)CMSD 8360L. Laboratory in Advanced Speech and Voice Science. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: LAB ADV SP/VOI SCI.
Prerequisite: CMSD(LING) 8360 and permission of department.
Hands-on laboratory exercises emphasizing digital recording techniques and signal conditioning; spectral, spectrographic, and aerodynamic measures of speech and voice; indirect measures of laryngeal vibration; computational models of peripheral auditory processing.
Offered summer semester every year.

(LING)GRMN 8400. Middle High German. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MIDDLE HIGH GER.
Phonology and grammar of the language, with extensive readings in the prose, epic, and lyric poetry of the Middle High German era.
Offered spring semester every year.

LING 8480. Seminar in Cognitive Linguistics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM COGNITIVE LING.
Special topics and current issues in cognitive aspects of linguistics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)GRMN 8510. Seminar in German Linguistics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM GER LINGUISTIC.
Intensive investigation of a subject or topic in German linguistics. Taught in English.
Offered every year.

(LING)GRMN 8520. Seminar in German Language Variation. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM GER LANG.
Intensive investigation of synchronic and diachronic variation in German. Taught in English.
Offered every year.

(LING)SPCM 8530. Language and Communication Behavior. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LANGUAGE AND COM.
Surveys linguistic aspects of human interaction. Examines language patterns such as orality, intensity, immediacy, and power. Analyzes conversational data as well as language structures in public messages.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)CSCI 8570. Natural Language Processing Techniques. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: NATURAL LANGUAGE PR.
Prerequisite: [CSCI(ARTI) 4540/6540 and LING 8150] or permission of department.
Human language from a computational point of view; algorithms and techniques for computer understanding of human-language input.

LING 8680. Seminar in Historical Linguistics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM HISTORICAL LING.
Special topics and current issues in historical linguistics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)FREN 8800. Seminar in French Linguistics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM FR LINGUISTICS.
Topics and issues in French linguistics. Possible offerings include Old French, French dialectology, French sociolinguistics, and French semantics and pragmatics. Given in French.
Not offered on a regular basis.

(LING)ANTH 8880. Field Methods in Linguistics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: LINGUISTICS METHODS.
Prerequisite: Permission of major.
The techniques of recording and analyzing a foreign language by working directly with a native speaker.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 8980. Seminar in Language Variation and Sociolinguistics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM LG VAR /SOCIOLG.
Special topics and current issues in language variation and sociolinguistics.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 9000. Doctoral Research. 3-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 30 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCTORAL RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a doctoral degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 9005. Doctoral Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOC GRAD STU SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

LING 9010. Directed Readings in Linguistics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 12 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIR READINGS LING.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Advanced directed study of a topic in linguistics.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Not offered on a regular basis.

LING 9300. Doctoral Dissertation. 3-9 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCT DISSERTATION.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Dissertation writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and preparation of the doctoral dissertation.
Not offered on a regular basis.