PHIL 1000. Introduction to Philosophy. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 1 hour lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 1000H.
A critical exploration of such topics as knowledge and belief, God and the problem of evil, freedom and determinism, the right and the good, language and meaning, mind and body, appearance and reality, and man and the world.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 1000H. Introduction to Philosophy (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO PHIL HONORS.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 1000.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
A critical exploration of such topics as knowledge and belief, God and the problem of evil, freedom and determinism, the right and the good, language and meaning, mind and body, appearance and reality, and man and the world.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 1500. Logic and Critical Thinking. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 1 hour lab per week.
Oasis Title: LOGIC & CRIT THINK.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 1500H.
The principles and standards for thinking and communicating clearly and effectively. Topics include theories of meaning, uses of language, common causes of confusion and error in thought and argument, and evaluation of arguments.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 1500H. Logic and Critical Thinking (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CRIT THINK HONORS.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 1500.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
The principles and standards for thinking and communicating clearly and effectively. Topics include theories of meaning, uses of language, common causes of confusion and error in thought and argument, and evaluation of arguments.
Offered every year.

PHIL 2200. Introduction to Ethics. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 1 hour lab per week.
Oasis Title: INTRO TO ETHICS.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 2200H.
The major philosophical positions concerning right and wrong, ethical values, and moral responsibility. The relevance of moral philosophy to current issues of personal and social ethics.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall and spring semesters every year.

PHIL 2200H. Introduction to Ethics (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: INTRO TO ETHICS HON.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 2200.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
The major philosophical positions concerning right and wrong, ethical values, and moral responsibility. The relevance of moral philosophy to current issues of personal and social ethics.
Offered every year.

PHIL 2400. Philosophy, Science, and Nature. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 1 hour lab per week.
Oasis Title: PHIL SCIENCE & NAT.
The philosophy of science and the philosophy of nature, including such issues as standards governing scientific reasoning and the philosophical implications of contemporary and past scientific theories.
Offered every year.

PHIL 2400H. Philosophy, Science, and Nature. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHIL SCIENCE & NAT.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 2400.
Philosophical issues concerning science, including theories of knowledge underlying science, metaphysical and ethical implications of current scientific theories, and the historical evolution of some major scientific theories.
Offered every year.

PHIL 2500. Symbolic Logic. 3 hours. 2 hours lecture and 1 hour lab per week.
Oasis Title: SYMBOLIC LOGIC.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 2500H.
The methods and principles used to distinguish correct from incorrect deductive arguments, with emphasis on contemporary techniques of analysis.
Non-traditional format: This course is also offered through University System of Georgia Independent and Distance Learning (IDL).
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 2500H. Symbolic Logic (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SYMBOLIC LOGIC.
Not open to students with credit in PHIL 2500.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
The methods and principles used to distinguish correct from incorrect deductive arguments, with emphasis on contemporary techniques of analysis.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 3000. Classics of Ancient Western Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY.
Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or permission of department.
Ancient Greek philosophy focusing particularly on works of Plato and Aristotle.
Offered fall semester every year.

PHIL 3010. Classics of Modern Western Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MODERN PHILOSOPHY.
Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or permission of department.
Philosophers from the "modern period" of philosophy focusing on those writing in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, such as Descartes, Spinoza, Locke, Hume, and Kant.
Offered spring semester every year.

PHIL 3020. Nineteenth-Century Western Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: 19TH CENT PHIL.
Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or permission of department.
Works of major nineteenth-century philosophers such as Kant, Hegel, Fichte, Schopenhauer, Mill, Frege, and Nietzsche.
Offered every year.

PHIL 3030. Existentialism. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: EXISTENTIALISM.
Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or permission of department.
European existentialism, as initiated by Kierkegaard and developed in this century by such figures as Sartre, Camus, Marcel, Jaspers, and Buber.
Offered every year.

PHIL 3200. Ethical Theory. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ETHICAL THEORY.
Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or permission of department.
The nature and justification of fundamental ethical concepts and moral principles.
Offered every year.

PHIL 3210. Feminist Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: FEMINIST PHILOSOPHY.
Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or any WMST course or permission of department.
Philosophical investigation and evaluation of feminist philosophy, examining such approaches as liberal feminism, socialist feminism, radical feminism, ecofeminism, and other feminist approaches.
Offered every year.

PHIL 3220. Biomedical Ethics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: BIOMEDICAL ETHICS.
Ethical and philosophical issues that arise in the context of medicine and bioresearch. Many ethical issues arise in health care contexts. This course will introduce students to some important problems in this area, and will help them to develop a decision framework for their resolution.
Offered every year.

(PHIL)ARTI(EPSY)(PSYC) 3550. Introduction to Cognitive Science. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: COGNITIVE SCIENCE.
Not open to students with credit in ARTI 3020.
Prerequisite: PSYC 1101 or PHIL 1000 or EPSY 2020.
Interdisciplinary study of mind and intelligent activity that forms cognitive sciences. Contributions of psychology, philosophy, linguistics, biology, anthropology, computer science, and education toward uncovering important aspects of the mind and intelligent activity are discussed.
Offered every year.

PHIL 3600. Metaphysics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: METAPHYSICS.
Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or permission of department.
Philosophical works that address problems such as: What is substance? What is causality? Is mind distinct from matter? Does God exist?
Offered every year.

PHIL 3610. Theory of Knowledge. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE.
Prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or permission of department.
Basic problems and issues in the theory of knowledge, such as: What is truth? Can we acquire knowledge independently of experience? How can we justify our beliefs? Are inductive generalizations justified?
Offered every year.

PHIL 4000/6000. Plato. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PLATO.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 3000 or permission of department.
The major writings of Plato.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4010/6010. Aristotle. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ARISTOTLE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 3000 or permission of department.
The major writings of Aristotle.
Offered fall semester every year.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4020/6020. Medieval Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 3000 or permission of department.
The major figures of the medieval period in western philosophy, including Augustine and Aquinas.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 4030/6030. Continental Rationalism. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONT RATIONALISM.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 3010 or permission of department.
Continental Rationalism, focusing on evaluating the principal writings of Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4040/6040. British Empiricism. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: BRITISH EMPIRICISM.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 3010 or permission of department.
British Empiricism, focusing on evaluating the principal writings of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 4050/6050. Kant. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: KANT.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 3010 or PHIL 3020 or permission of department.
The major writings of Immanuel Kant.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4060/6060. Hegel. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HEGEL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 3010 or PHIL 3020 or permission of department.
The major writings of G.W.F. Hegel.
Offered every year.

PHIL 4070/6070. Nineteenth-Century European Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: 19TH CENT EUR PHIL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 3010 or PHIL 3020 or permission of department.
Works of some major nineteenth-century philosophers, typically organized around a theme. Philosophers to be studied may include Mill, Bentham, Frege, Brentano, Schopenhauer, Fichte, Schelling, and Nietzsche.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4080/6080. Classical American Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CLASSICAL AMER PHIL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
The major writings of C.S. Pierce, William James, and John Dewey and their influence on the development of contemporary philosophy.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 4090/6090. Contemporary Continental Tradition. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONTEMP CONTINENTAL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
Writings from the early phenomenologists, existentialists, contemporary Marxists and their successors, such as Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Camus, Sartre, Marcuse, and Habermas.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 4100/6100. Contemporary Analytic Tradition. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: CONTEMP ANALYTIC.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (PHIL 2500 and any 3000-level PHIL course) or permission of department.
The development of contemporary analytical philosophy from the turn of the century to the present. Readings will be from philosophers such as Russell, Moore, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Ryle, Austin, Quine, and Strawson.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 4210/6210. Social and Political Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: SOC & POL PHIL.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 2200 or any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
The nature and function of society and the state, human freedom and rights, and the bases of social and political obligations.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL(EETH) 4220/6220. Environmental Ethics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ENVIRON ETHICS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 2200 or any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
Major professional and nonprofessional writings in the field of environmental ethics.
Offered fall semester every year.

PHIL 4230/6230. Aesthetics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: AESTHETICS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
Philosophical theories about the arts; for example, painting, literature, and music. Questions to be addressed include: what makes art art? and what are appropriate criteria of good art? Attention may also be given to such topics as the function of art in society.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4240/6240. Philosophy of Law. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHILOSOPHY OF LAW.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 2200 or any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
The nature and function of law, with emphasis on the interpretation and application of the law in the judicial process. Readings in classical and contemporary schools of the philosophy of law.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL(EETH) 4250/6250. Technology and Values. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: TECH AND VALUES.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
Technology in its broadest human context, with emphasis on the mutual influence between means and ends and the impact of technology on shaping the beliefs and attitudes of a civilization. Includes alternative assessments of technology and illustrates with specific crucial issues of our time.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

PHIL(LING) 4300/6300. Philosophy of Language. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHIL OF LANGUAGE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: (PHIL 2500 and any 3000-level PHIL course) or permission of department.
Topics such as formal and ordinary languages, meaning, reference, truth, definition, analyticity, ambiguity, metaphor, symbolism, and the uses of language.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4310/6310. Philosophy of Mind. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND.
Undergraduate prerequisite: Any 3000-level PHIL course or ARTI(PSYC)(EPSY)(PHIL) 3550 or permission of department.
The philosophical implications of alternative approaches to psychology such as the behavioral, the psychoanalytic, the phenomenological, with particular attention to such problematic areas as the nature and validation of psychological concepts, law, and theories, and the knowledge of other minds.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 4400/6400. History of Natural Science. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HIST NAT SCIENCE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2400 or any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
Major physical, biological, and cosmological theories and their philosophic import, sixth century B.C. to the present.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4410/6410. Philosophy of Natural Science. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHIL OF NAT SCIENCE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2400 or any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
The logical structure of scientific hypotheses and/or laws, and the problems of their meaning and confirmation; the general patterns of scientific explanation; and the ideals of prediction and control.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4420/6420. Philosophy of Social Science. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHIL OF SOC SCIENCE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400 or any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
The methods and problems of inductive reasoning, including the nature of probable inference, techniques of verification, and the structure of scientific explanation, with special reference to the social sciences.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

(PHIL)RELI 4500/6500. Philosophy of Religion. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHY OF RELIGION.
Undergraduate prerequisite: RELI 1003 or PHIL 1000 or PHIL 2200 or PHIL 2400.
The meaning, nature, and validity of religious discourse, beliefs, and practices, involving theories concerning the existence and nature of God and humanity's relation to God.
Not offered on a regular basis.

PHIL(LING) 4510/6510. Deductive Systems. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DEDUCTIVE SYSTEMS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 2500 or permission of department.
Symbolic-mathematical logic, examining the propositional and predicate calculi, with emphasis on problems in translation and formalization and topics in the philosophy of logic and mathematics.
Offered fall semester every year.

PHIL(LING) 4520/6520. Model Theory. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: MODEL THEORY.
Prerequisite: PHIL(LING) 4510/6510 or permission of department.
Formal semantics for sentential and first-order predicate logic, including both soundness and completeness results for first-order logic. Additional topics may include Goedel's incompleteness results, the Skolem-Lowenheim theorem, or possible world semantics for modal logics.
Offered spring semester every even-numbered year.

PHIL 4530/6530. Philosophy of Mathematics. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: PHIL OF MATHEMATICS.
Undergraduate prerequisite: PHIL 2500 or MATH 2200 or permission of department.
The philosophical issues associated with mathematical inquiry, including, perhaps, the existence and nature of mathematical objects, the epistemology of mathematical truths, the character of mathematical proof, and the foundations of mathematics.
Offered spring semester every odd-numbered year.

(PHIL)CSCI 4550/6550. Artificial Intelligence. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: ARTIF INTELLIGENCE.
Undergraduate prerequisite: CSCI(MATH) 2610 or PHIL 2500.
The artificial intelligence approach to modeling cognitive processes. Topics include an introduction to heuristic methods, problem representation and search methods, classic AI techniques, and a review of the controversial issues of the AI paradigm of cognition as computation.
Offered every year.

(PHIL)HIST 4860/6860. History, History of Philosophy, Philosophy. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HIST AND PHILOSOPHY.
Historians and philosophers differ in the source of evidence and arguments they use and in the standards to which they appeal. Nonetheless, works in each of these fields raise questions relevant to the other field. The purpose of this course is to explore the main relationships between these two fields.
Offered every year.

PHIL 4900. Problems in Philosophy. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: PROBLEMS IN PHIL.
Prerequisite: Any 3000-level PHIL course or permission of department.
Investigation of a philosophical problem or group of related problems with emphasis upon extensive reading in primary sources. Selection of topics will vary with instructor and interests of students.
Offered every year.

PHIL 4950. Directed Readings in Philosophy. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIR READING IN PHIL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Reading and independent research on a specified topic beyond normal course offerings and closely supervised by the tutor. Application should be made in advance of registration to the department head. Open only to students prepared to pursue advanced material.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 4960H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DIR READING HONORS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 4970H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED READINGS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 4980H. Directed Reading and/or Projects (Honors). 3 hours.
Oasis Title: DIRECTED READINGS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual study, reading, or projects under the direction of a project director.
Non-traditional format: Directed study.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 4990H. Honors Thesis. 3 hours.
Oasis Title: HONORS THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of Honors.
Individual research in the major field or in a closely related field.
Non-traditional format: An independent research course. Each student meets individually with a faculty supervisor on a weekly basis to discuss the progress of his/her research project.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 7000. Master's Research. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 15 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a master's degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 7005. Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: GRAD STUDENT SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 7010. Teaching Philosophy. 1 hour. 2 hours lab per week.
Oasis Title: TEACHING PHILOSOPHY.
Materials, techniques, and objectives for teaching undergraduate courses in philosophy. Particular attention to presenting lectures, leading discussions, constructing examinations, and instructional evaluations.
Offered fall semester every year.

PHIL 7300. Master's Thesis. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 30 hours credit.
Oasis Title: MASTER'S THESIS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Thesis writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and thesis preparation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 8000. Seminar in History of Philosophy, Ancient and Medieval. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM-ANCT & MED PHIL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Philosophical topics and problems as found in the works of ancient and medieval philosophers.
Offered every year.

PHIL 8010. Seminar in History of Philosophy: Modern and Contemporary. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM-MOD & CONT PHIL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Philosophical topics and problems as found in the works of modern and contemporary philosophy.
Offered every year.

PHIL 8200. Seminar in Ethics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR IN ETHICS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Problems and topics in classical and contemporary moral philosophy.
Offered every year.

PHIL 8210. Seminar in Political Philosophy. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM IN POL PHIL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Problems and topics in classical and contemporary political philosophy.
Offered every year.

PHIL(LING) 8300. Seminar in the Philosophy of Language. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM PHIL OF LANG.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
The original course materials dealing with such topics as formal and ordinary languages, meaning, reference, descriptions, truth, definition, analyticity, speech acts, and the uses of language.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 8310. Seminar in the Philosophy of Mind. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM PHIL OF MIND.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
One or more central problems in the philosophy of mind such as the mind-body problem, intentionality, and metal causation.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 8400. Seminar in Philosophy of Science. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM PHIL OF SCIENCE.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Basic concepts in science, such as explanation, description, prediction, law, cause, theory, confirmation, probability, observation, and measurement.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 8500. Seminar in Problems of Logic. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEMINAR IN LOGIC.
Prerequisite: PHIL(LING) 4510/6510 or permission of department.
Modal logic, epistemic logic, temporal logic, conditional logic, nonmontonic logic, the problem of induction, and the logic of belief revision.
Offered every odd-numbered year.

PHIL 8600. Seminar in Metaphysics. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM METAPHYSICS.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Various metaphysical systems and related problems.
Offered every year.

PHIL 8610. Seminar in Epistemology. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM EPISTEMOLOGY.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Various theories of knowledge and related problems.
Offered every year.

PHIL(RELI) 8630. Seminar in Philosophy of Religion. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: SEM PHIL OF REL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Major topics in the philosophy of religion, such as the nature and existence of God, the problem of evil, and the character of religious discourse.
Offered every even-numbered year.

(PHIL)CSCI 8650. Logic and Logic Programming. 4 hours.
Oasis Title: LOGIC & LOGIC PROG.
Prerequisite: [CSCI(ARTI) 4540/6540 and PHIL(LING)4510/6510] or permission of department.
Theoretical foundations of automated reasoning and logic programming. Topics covered include propositional logic, predicate logic, first-order models, resolution principles, logic programming paradigms, nonmonotonic reasoning.

PHIL 8700. Problems and Topics in Philosophy. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: TOPICS IN PHIL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Philosophical positions and problems.
Offered every even-numbered year.

PHIL 8800. Readings and Research in Special Problems in Philosophy. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 9 hours credit.
Oasis Title: READINGS IN PHIL.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Directed reading and research in philosophy in areas of a student's special interest.
Non-traditional format: An independent research course. Each student meets individually with a faculty supervisor on a weekly basis to discuss the progress of his/her research project.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 9000. Doctoral Research. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 15 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCTORAL RESEARCH.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Research while enrolled for a doctoral degree under the direction of faculty members.
Non-traditional format: Independent research under the direction of a faculty member.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 9005. Doctoral Graduate Student Seminar. 3 hours. Repeatable for maximum 45 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOC GRAD STU SEM.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Non-traditional format: Seminar.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.

PHIL 9300. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-12 hours. Repeatable for maximum 30 hours credit.
Oasis Title: DOCT DISSERTATION.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.
Dissertation writing under the direction of the major professor.
Non-traditional format: Independent research and preparation of the doctoral dissertation.
Offered fall, spring, and summer semesters every year.